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Echinoidea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Kenya, Gazi Bay, 2014-02-03
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
212453 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212453)
accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris variegata Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Tripneustes)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata var. alba Tenison-Woods, 1883 (based on an albino specimen of Tripneustes gratilla)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778) (misspelling for Tripneustes variegata)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes grabella (misspelling ?)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes pentagonus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes subcaeruleus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: spines white, surface dark...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet where it appears mid brown. Primary spines normally inclined radially towards adjacent ambulacrum leaving clear test surface over most inter-ambulacrum giving the general appearance of a pentaradiate brown cross (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: algae (Tortonese, 1951).
Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan, Okinawa, Solomon Islands, Seleo Island, Netherlands New Guinea, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Hasikaya Island (Kuria Muria Islands) (Herring, 1972); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); India (Lakshadweep, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Is.)(Sastry, 1996).
; East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. (2013). Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2017). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212453 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata var. alba Tenison-Woods, 1883) Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1883. One a new species of Stomopneustes and a new variety of Hipponoe variegata. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 7: 93-94., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30242#page/105/mode/1up
page(s): 94, pl. 7: figs 1-3 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 92-93; pl. 2: fig. F (in the heading; in the text pl. 42: fig. 1 is mentioned [this, however, looks like a poorly preserved internal cast of a fossil irregular sea urchin]) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris variegata Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 149-150; pl. 10: Figs B, C  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81570#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 91 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81570#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 92 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 49 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837) des Moulins, C. 1837. Troisième Mémoire sur les Échinides. - Synonymie générale. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 9, 45-364. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/102751#page/114/mode/1up
page(s): 132 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 24-25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 24 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869) Perrier, E. (1869). Recherche sur les pédicellaires et les ambulacres des astérides et des oursins. Thèses présentées à la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles Victor Masson et fils, Paris. 5-188, plates 1-7., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/49472#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 156-157; pl. 5: fig 6a-c [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 5 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes lorioli Lambert & Thiéry, 1914) Lambert, J. & Thiéry, P. 1909-1925. Essai de Nomenclature Raisonnée des Echinides. L. Ferrière, Chaumont, fasc. 1: i-iii, 1-80, pls. 1-2 (March 1909); fasc. 2: 81-160, pls. 3-4 (July 1910); fasc. 3: 161-240, pls. 5-6 (May 1911); fasc. 4: 241-320, pls. 7-8 (March 1914); fasc. 5: 321-384, pl. 9 (Sept. 1921); fasc. 6-7: 385-512, pls. 10-11, 14 (Dec. 1924); fasc. 7-8: 513-607, pls. 12, 13, 15 (Feb. 1925) pp., available online at http://de.scribd.com/doc/17477843/Essai-de-Nomenclature-Raisonnee-des-Echinides#source:facebook
page(s): 249 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes sardicus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 363 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 5 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878) Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1878. The Echini of Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2, 145-176., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/22891#page/159/mode/1up
page(s): 167 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778)) Bell, F.J. (1884). Echinodermata. In: R.W. Coppinger (ed): Report on the Zoological Collections made in the indo-pacific Ocean during the voyage of HMS Alert, 1881-2. London. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Décary, R. (1924). Liste d'echinodermes receuillis a Madagascar. Bulletin de l'academie Malgache nouvelle serie Tome IV38-41 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734)) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris variegata Leske, 1778) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe sardica (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe variegata (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus (Tripneustes) sardica auct.) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 298 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes subcaeruleus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778)) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 555 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes pentagonus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes sardicus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes grabella) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes lorioli Lambert & Thiéry, 1914) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Liao Y. & Clark AM. (1995). The echinoderms of southern China. Science Press, China. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet where it appears mid brown. Primary spines normally inclined radially towards adjacent ambulacrum leaving clear test surface over most inter-ambulacrum giving the general appearance of a pentaradiate brown cross (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: algae (Tortonese, 1951).
Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan, Okinawa, Solomon Islands, Seleo Island, Netherlands New Guinea, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Hasikaya Island (Kuria Muria Islands) (Herring, 1972); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); India (Lakshadweep, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Is.)(Sastry, 1996).
; East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Indian Ocean (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In family 'Echinidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMecomerinx sewellana Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSenariellus latiseta Humes, 1977 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTripneustis gratilla SURL virus (parasite)
LanguageName 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParson's hat sea urchinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcollector urchinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBischofsmützenseeigel  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPfaffenhut-SeeigelChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGift-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorシラヒゲウニ  [details]
Kenya, Gazi Bay, 2014-02-03
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor 


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