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Echinoidea taxon details

Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Kenya, Gazi Bay, 2014-02-03
 

212453  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:212453)

accepted
Species
Cidaris angulosa Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Cidaris variegata Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Tripneustes)
Echinus inflatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus peronii Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Evechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878 (subjective junior synonym)
Hipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Hipponoe variegata (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Hipponoe variegata var. alba Tenison-Woods, 1883 (based on an albino specimen of Tripneustes gratilla)
Hipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863 (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778) (misspelling for Tripneustes variegata)
Tripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes grabella (misspelling ?)
Tripneustes pentagonus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes subcaeruleus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
Tripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862 (subjective junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(ofEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   
Description Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet...  
Description Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet where it appears mid brown. Primary spines normally inclined radially towards adjacent ambulacrum leaving clear test surface over most inter-ambulacrum giving the general appearance of a pentaradiate brown cross (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: algae (Tortonese, 1951).
Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan, Okinawa, Solomon Islands, Seleo Island, Netherlands New Guinea, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Hasikaya Island (Kuria Muria Islands) (Herring, 1972); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); India (Lakshadweep, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Is.)(Sastry, 1996).
; East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=212453 on 2018-02-20
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 23:00:00Z
created
2000-09-25 07:20:28Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2010-09-07 10:47:00Z
changed
2013-08-26 18:24:18Z
changed

original description  (ofEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 664 [details]   

original description  (ofHipponoe variegata var. alba Tenison-Woods, 1883) Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1883. One a new species of Stomopneustes and a new variety of Hipponoe variegata. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 7: 93-94., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30242#page/105/mode/1up
page(s): 94, pl. 7: figs 1-3 [details]   

original description  (ofCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 92-93; pl. 2: fig. F (in the heading; in the text pl. 42: fig. 1 is mentioned [this, however, looks like a poorly preserved internal cast of a fossil irregular sea urchin]) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCidaris variegata Leske, 1778) Leske, N. G. 1778. Jacobi Theodori Klein naturalis dispositio echinodermatum . . ., edita et descriptionibus novisque inventis et synonomis auctorem aucta. Addimenta ad I. T. Klein naturalem dispositionem Echinodermatum. G. E. Beer, Leipzig, xxii+278 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN573613834
page(s): 149-150; pl. 10: Figs B, C  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81570#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 91 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 46 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81570#page/5/mode/1up
page(s): 92 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J. B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome troisième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière. 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47702
page(s): 49 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837) des Moulins, C. 1837. Troisième Mémoire sur les Échinides. - Synonymie générale. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 9, 45-364. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/102751#page/114/mode/1up
page(s): 132 [details]   

original description  (ofHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 24-25 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863) Agassiz, A. (1863). List of the echinoderms sent to different institutions in exchange for other specimens, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy at Harvard College. 1: 17-28.
page(s): 24 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869) Perrier, E. (1869). Recherche sur les pédicellaires et les ambulacres des astérides et des oursins. Thèses présentées à la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles Victor Masson et fils, Paris. 5-188, plates 1-7., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/49472#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 156-157; pl. 5: fig 6a-c [details]   

original description  (ofTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 5 [details]   

original description  (ofTripneustes lorioli Lambert & Thiéry, 1914) Lambert, J. & Thiéry, P. 1909-1925. Essai de Nomenclature Raisonnée des Echinides. L. Ferrière, Chaumont, fasc. 1: i-iii, 1-80, pls. 1-2 (March 1909); fasc. 2: 81-160, pls. 3-4 (July 1910); fasc. 3: 161-240, pls. 5-6 (May 1911); fasc. 4: 241-320, pls. 7-8 (March 1914); fasc. 5: 321-384, pl. 9 (Sept. 1921); fasc. 6-7: 385-512, pls. 10-11, 14 (Dec. 1924); fasc. 7-8: 513-607, pls. 12, 13, 15 (Feb. 1925) pp., available online at http://de.scribd.com/doc/17477843/Essai-de-Nomenclature-Raisonnee-des-Echinides#source:facebook
page(s): 249 [details]   

original description  (ofTripneustes sardicus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47986#page/311/mode/1up
page(s): 363 [details]   

original description  (ofTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862) Michelin, H. (1862). Annex A. Echinides et Stellerides. In: Maillard, L. (eds). Notes sur l'Île de la Réunion (Bourbon). Paris : Palais Royal, Galerie D'Orléans. 1-7, pls 14-16(1)., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48997#page/355/mode/1up
page(s): 5 [details]   

original description  (ofEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878) Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1878. The Echini of Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2, 145-176., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/22891#page/159/mode/1up
page(s): 167 [details]   

basis of record Clark, A. M.; Rowe, F. W. E. (1971). Monograph of shallow-water indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls., available online at http://www.abctaxa.be/downloads/additional-information-volume-1/works-famous-holothuroid-workers/fwe-rowe/MonographIndoWestPacific.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

additional source Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

additional source Mah, C.L.; McKnight, D.G.; Eagle, M.K.; Pawson, D.L.; Améziane, N.; Vance, D.J.; Baker, A.N.; Clark, H.E.S.; Davey, N. (2009). Phylum Echinodermata: sea stars, brittle stars, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sea lilies. In: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 371-400. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record  (ofTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778)) Bell, F.J. (1884). Echinodermata. In: R.W. Coppinger (ed): Report on the Zoological Collections made in the indo-pacific Ocean during the voyage of HMS Alert, 1881-2. London. [details]   

additional source  (ofTripneustes angulosus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Décary, R. (1924). Liste d'echinodermes receuillis a Madagascar. Bulletin de l'academie Malgache nouvelle serie Tome IV38-41 [details]   

additional source  (ofTripneustes variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Klein, 1734)) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidaris variegata Leske, 1778) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofCidaris angulosa Leske, 1778) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHipponoe sardica (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHipponoe variegata (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHipponoe violacea A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHipponoe nigricans A. Agassiz, 1863) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus variegatus (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus (Tripneustes) sardica auct.) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus peronii Blainville, 1825) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinus inflatus Blainville, 1825) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

status source  (ofEvechinus australiae Tenison-Woods, 1878) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 3. Camarodonta. II. Echinidæ, Strongylocentrotidæ, Parasaleniidæ, Echinometridæ. 446 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 298 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes subcaeruleus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778)) Ludwig, H. (1899). Echinodermen des Sansibargebietes. Abhandl. d. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., Bonn, Vol. 21(1): 537 - 563. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 555 [details]   

additional source  (ofTripneustes (Hipponoe) variegasta (Leske, 1778)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes zigzag Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes pentagonus (Lamarck, 1816)) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes sardicus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes grabella) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes lorioli Lambert & Thiéry, 1914) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes fuscus Michelin, 1862) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTripneustes bicolor Perrier, 1869) Mortensen, T. (1943). A Monograph of the Echinoidea. III, 2. Camarodonta. I. Orthopsidæ, Glyphocyphidæ, Temnopleuridæ and Toxopneustidæ. vii+553 pp., C. A. Reitzel, Copenhagen.
page(s): 500-508 [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Liao Y. & Clark AM. (1995). The echinoderms of southern China. Science Press, China. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Colour in life: spines white, surface dark brown in ambulacral and interambulacral areas except along rows of tube feet where it appears mid brown. Primary spines normally inclined radially towards adjacent ambulacrum leaving clear test surface over most inter-ambulacrum giving the general appearance of a pentaradiate brown cross (Humphreys, 1981). Habitat: algae (Tortonese, 1951).
Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Marshall Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Saipan, Okinawa, Solomon Islands, Seleo Island, Netherlands New Guinea, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Hasikaya Island (Kuria Muria Islands) (Herring, 1972); SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Kalk (1958) and Rowe & Gates (1995)); Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry (1991); India (Lakshadweep, Tamilnadu, Andaman and Nicobar Is.)(Sastry, 1996).
; East coast of Africa to Hawaiian Islands (Sastry, 1991).
Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Remark Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Indian Ocean (Rowe & Gates, 1995).
In family 'Echinidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Parson's hat sea urchincollector urchinBischofsmützenseeigel  [details]
German Pfaffenhut-SeeigelGift-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese シラヒゲウニ  [details]
Kenya, Gazi Bay, 2014-02-03
 


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