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Porifera source details

Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. [2002 printed version ISBN 0-306-47260-0, 2004 eBook electronic version ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5].
6833
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.)
2002
Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. [2002 printed version ISBN 0-306-47260-0, 2004 eBook electronic version ISBN 978-1-4615-0747-5]
Publication
Please note that there are slight differences between the printed version and the electronic version. We advise to cite this reference according to which of the two versions you have used.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2018-07-31 16:28:26Z
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Agilardiella Marshall, 1884 accepted as Tethyopsis Stewart, 1870 (status source)
Clistolynthus Haeckel, 1870 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Demospongiae (additional source)
Dyssycum Haeckel, 1870 accepted as Leucandra Haeckel, 1872 (additional source)
Mlea Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra Haeckel, 1872 (additional source)
Olynthus Haeckel, 1869 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Porifera (basis of record)
Tarrus Haeckel, 1869 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Antarctic 200NM zone beyond the coastline for Leucosolenia apicalis Brøndsted, 1931 
Argentinean Exclusive Economic Zone for Suberites tortuosus var. austral Cuartas, 1986 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Grantessa hispida Dendy, 1893 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Grantessa sacca Lendenfeld, 1885 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Grantiopsis cylindrica Dendy, 1893 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymedesmia baculifera var. australiensis Hentschel, 1911 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymesigmia simplicissima (Hentschel, 1911) 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Leptosia australiensis Hentschel, 1911 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucascus clavatus Dendy, 1893 
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Tedania rubicunda Lendenfeld, 1888 
Bahamas for Euspongia fistulosa Lendenfeld, 1889 
Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone for Drulia conifera Bonetto & Ezcurra de Drago, 1973 
Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone for Oncosclera atrata (Bonetto & Ezcurra de Drago, 1970) 
British Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Stelletta debilis var. stenospiculata Uliczka, 1929 
British Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Stelletta incrustata Uliczka, 1929 
California for Myxilla agennes de Laubenfels, 1930 
Canadian Exclusive Economic Zone for Sycortis lingua Haeckel, 1870 
Cape Town for Clathrina rotunda Klautau & Valentine, 2003 
Faeroe Exclusive Economic Zone for Hymedesmia pennata Brøndsted, 1932 
Fiji for Ecionemia densa Bowerbank, 1873 
Fijian Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucomalthe bomba Haeckel, 1872 
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Crella donsi Burton, 1931  (inaccurate)
Icelandic Exclusive Economic Zone for Lophurella lophura Gray, 1872 
Indian Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongilla meyeni Carter, 1849 
Italy for Stelletta stellata adriatica Sarà, 1960 
Japan for Prosuberites inconspicuus Thiele, 1898 
Japan for Rhizaxinella elevata Thiele, 1898 
Japan for Thenea shimodensis Hoshino, 1982 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucilla minuta Tanita, 1941 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucophloeus incrustans Thiele, 1898 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Papillella infrafoliata Thiele, 1898 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Papillella infrafoliata Thiele, 1898 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Penares cortius orientalis Koltun, 1966 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Reniera okadai Kadota, 1922 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Rhizaxinella elevata Thiele, 1898 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongilla japonica Hilgendorf, 1882 
Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Thenea shimodensis Hoshino, 1982 
Japanese Sea for Penares cortius orientalis Koltun, 1966 
Java for Trochospongilla philotiana var. javanensis Gee, 1930 
Juan Fernandez Islands for Leuconia fernandensis Breitfuss, 1898 
Kai Islands for Fieldingia valentini valentini Tabachnick & Janussen, 2004 
Kamchatka Peninsula for Leucyssa cretacea Haeckel, 1872 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Grantia aculeata Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Grantia tenuis Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucettusa vera (Poléjaeff, 1883) 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Leuconia anfracta Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Leuconia cirrhosa Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Leuconia kerguelensis Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Exclusive Economic Zone for Leucosolenia incerta Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Grantia aculeata Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Grantia tenuis Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Leucetta gaussii Brøndsted, 1931 
Kerguelen Islands for Leucettusa vera (Poléjaeff, 1883) 
Kerguelen Islands for Leuconia anfracta Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Leuconia cirrhosa Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Leuconia kerguelensis Urban, 1908 
Kerguelen Islands for Leucosolenia incerta Urban, 1908 
King Island for Tethya robusta Carter, 1887 
Kuda Rah for Cliona nodulosa Calcinai, Cerrano, Sarà & Bavestrello, 2000 
Kurile Islands for Hymedesmia orientalis Koltun, 1962 
Lake Ohrid for Ochridaspongia interlithonis Gilbert & Hadzische, 1984 
Lake Ohrid for Spongilla stankovici Arndt, 1938 
Lake Tiberias for Nudospongilla aster Annandale, 1913 
Lake Tiberias for Nudospongilla mappa Annandale, 1913 
Lake Tiberias for Nudospongilla reversa Annandale, 1913 
Lyme Bay and Torbay for Microciona bihamigera Waller, 1878 
Madagascan Exclusive Economic Zone for Geodia poculata var. piriformis Bösraug, 1913 
Madagascan Exclusive Economic Zone for Geodia poculata var. typica Bösraug, 1913 
Madagascar for Ectyon carpenteri Gray, 1867 
Madagascar for Geodia crustosa Bösraug, 1913 
Madagascar for Geodia poculata var. piriformis Bösraug, 1913 
Madagascar for Geodia poculata var. typica Bösraug, 1913 
Malacca for Iphiteon subglobosa Bowerbank, 1869  (inaccurate)
Malacca Strait for Halichondria aspera Bowerbank, 1875 
Malacca Strait for Halichondria crassa Bowerbank, 1875 
Malacca Strait for Halichondria elegantia Bowerbank, 1875 
Malacca Strait for Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875 
Malacca Strait for Isodictya rudis Bowerbank, 1875 
Malacca Strait for Raphiodesma parishii Bowerbank, 1875 
Malawi for Malawispongia echinoides Brien, 1972 
Malaysia for Halichondria aspera Bowerbank, 1875 
Malaysia for Halichondria crassa Bowerbank, 1875 
Malaysia for Halichondria elegantia Bowerbank, 1875 
Maldives Exclusive Economic Zone for Cliona nodulosa Calcinai, Cerrano, Sarà & Bavestrello, 2000 
Maluku province for Gellius toxophorus Hentschel, 1912 
Maluku province for Petrosia expansa var. aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) 
Maluku province for Stylotella gracilis Hentschel, 1912 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Homoderma sycandra Lendenfeld, 1895 
Manning-Hawkesbury for Tethya multistella var. megastella Lendenfeld, 1888 
Mazatlan for Cliona papillae Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Mediterranean Sea for Spongia licheniformis var. gamma Lamarck, 1814  (inaccurate)
Mergui Archipelago for Cliona bacillifera Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Cliona sceptrellifera Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Dysidea ramoglomerata Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Dysidea ramoglomerata var. granulata Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Dysidea ramoglomerata var. ramotubulata Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Esperia indica Carter, 1887 
Mergui Archipelago for Hymedesmia parvispiculata 
Mergui Archipelago for Isodictya simulans var. tubuloramosa Carter, 1887 
Mexican Exclusive Economic Zone for Heteromeyenia radiospiculata Mills, 1888 
Unknown type, identified as Alcyonium cranium Müller, 1776
Unknown type, identified as Sycaltis glacialis Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, identified as Ebnerella lanceolata Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, identified as Leucandra rodriguezi (Lackschewitz, 1886)
Unknown type, identified as Leuconia johnstoni Carter, 1871
Unknown type, identified as Sphenophorina singularis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, verbatimGeounit East Spitzbergen, De..., identified as Leucosolenia nanseni Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, identified as Dunstervillia elegans Bowerbank, 1845
Unknown type, identified as Ascaltis lamarcki (Haeckel, 1870)
Unknown type, identified as Spongia ananas Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia aurea Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia botryoides Ellis & Solander, 1786
Unknown type, identified as Spongia clavata Esper, 1794
Unknown type, identified as Spongia columbae Walker, 1812
Unknown type, identified as Spongia complicata Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia infundibuliformis Linnaeus, 1759
Unknown type, verbatimGeounit from Nouvelle-Hollan..., identified as Spongia palmata sensu Lamarck, 1814
Holotype, verbatimGeounit Type locality unknow..., identified as Spongia strigilata Lamarck, 1814
Holotype, identified as Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794
Holotype, identified as Spongia verrucosa Esper, 1794
Holotype, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Aplysinopsis massa Szymanski, 1904
Holotype, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia velutata Renier, 1807
Holotype LMJG, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia quarnerensis Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia mollissima Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Ditela nitens Schmidt, 1862
Holotype, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Oligoceras collectrix Schulze, 1880
Unknown type, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Darwinella dalmatica Topsent, 1905
Unknown type, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycon tenellum Lendenfeld, 1891
Unknown type, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycon tuba Lendenfeld, 1891
Unknown type, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycyssa huxleyi Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Aphroceras corticata (Lendenfeld, 1891)
Holotype ZMUC, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Grantia clathrus Schmidt, 1864
Unknown type, geounit Aegean Sea, identified as Hircinia vestibulata Szymanski, 1904
Unknown type, geounit Alboran Sea, identified as Leucosolenia echinoides Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Arctic Ocean, identified as Sycum arcticum Haeckel, 1870
Holotype, geounit Asturias, identified as Thorectandra diversispiculifera Ferrer-Hernandez, 1918
Holotype MOM, geounit Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Auletta sessilis Topsent, 1904
Holotype MNHN, geounit Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Darwinella duplex Topsent, 1905
Unknown type, geounit Bassian, identified as Darwinella australiensis Carter, 1885
Unknown type, geounit Canary Islands, identified as Guancha blanca Miklucho-Maclay, 1868
Unknown type, geounit Cape Agulhas, identified as Sycodorus hystrix Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Grantia fistulosa Johnston, 1842
Holotype MNHN, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896
Holotype MNHN, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Auletta grantioides Lévi & Vacelet, 1958
Holotype BMNH, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia limbata Montagu, 1814
Holotype BMNH, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia perlevis Montagu, 1814
Holotype, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia ramosa Montagu, 1814
Holotype, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814
Holotype, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia suberia Montagu, 1814
Holotype, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia conus Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, geounit East Greenland Shelf, identified as Spongia ciliata Fabricius, 1780
Unknown type, geounit Florida, identified as Sycaltis oviparus Haeckel, 1872
Unknown type, geounit Floridian, identified as Cribrella papillosa Schmidt, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia compressa Fabricius, 1780
Unknown type, geounit Gulf of St. Lawrence - Eastern Scotian Shelf, identified as Grantia canadensis Lambe, 1896
Holotype MNHN, geounit Maldives, identified as Darwinella gardineri Topsent, 1905
Unknown type, geounit Manning-Hawkesbury, identified as Homoderma sycandra Lendenfeld, 1895
Unknown type, geounit Newfoundland and Labrador, identified as Sycortis lingua Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit North and East Barents Sea, identified as Sycetta asconoides Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, geounit North and East Barents Sea, identified as Pericharax polejaevi Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, geounit North and East Barents Sea, identified as Ebnerella schulzei Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, geounit North and East Barents Sea, identified as Ebnerella kuekenthali Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, geounit North Sea, identified as Grantia lacunosa Johnston, 1842
Unknown type, geounit North Sea, identified as Scypha scaldiensis Van Koolwijk, 1982
Unknown type, geounit Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Amphoriscus murmanensis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, geounit Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Ebnerella nitida Arnesen, 1900
Holotype ZMH, geounit Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Psammopemma finmarchicum Hentschel, 1929
Unknown type, geounit Norway, identified as Sycon schuffneri Dendy & Row, 1913
Unknown type, geounit Norway, identified as Plectroninia norvegica Könnecker, 1989
Unknown type, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766
Unknown type, geounit Portugal, identified as Leucandra bulbosa Hanitsch, 1895
Holotype BMNH, geounit South European Atlantic Shelf, identified as Cacospongia procumbens Poléjaeff, 1884
Holotype, geounit South European Atlantic Shelf, identified as Collospongelia dendyi Ferrer Hernandez, 1923
Unknown type, geounit Spain, identified as Vosmaeropsis gardineri Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
Unknown type, geounit Svalbard, identified as Ascyssa acufera Haeckel, 1870
Syntype MNHN, geounit Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra, identified as Hircinia chevreuxi Topsent, 1894
Unknown type, geounit United States part of the North Atlantic Ocean, identified as Ascortis fragilis Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Ascyssa troglodytes Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Darwinella intermedia Topsent, 1893
Unknown type, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Clathrina rubra Sarà, 1958
Holotype, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Acanthella annulata Sarà, 1958
Holotype, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Axinella babici Vacelet, 1961
Unknown type, geounit White Sea, identified as Leucosolenia multiformis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, geounit Woods Hole, identified as Leucosolenia cancellata Verrill, 1873
Holotype ZMA 00318, geounit Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Acanthella multiformis Vosmaer, 1885
Holotype LMJG 15406, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia scalaris Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15407, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia cavernosa Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15412, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia carduelis Schmidt, 1864
Holotype LMJG 15417, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Sarcotragus muscarum Schmidt, 1864
Holotype LMJG 15419, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15502, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Hircinia oros Schmidt, 1864
Holotype BMNH 1847.9.7.1, geounit North Sea, identified as Spongia palmata Ellis & Solander, 1786
Holotype BMNH 1867.3.11.70, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Cribrella hamigera Schmidt, 1862
Holotype BMNH 1867.7.26.66, geounit Adriatic Sea, identified as Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862
Holotype BMNH 1888.8.9.1, geounit South European Atlantic Shelf, identified as Coscinoderma confragosum Poléjaeff, 1884
Holotype BMNH 1910.1.1.2463–5, geounit North Sea, identified as Spongia stuposa Ellis & Solander, 1786
Holotype BMNH 1910.1.1.2687, geounit Southern Norway, identified as Spongia ventilabrum Linnaeus, 1767
Holotype BMNH 1930.7.3.20, geounit North Sea, identified as Polymastia robusta Bowerbank, 1862
Holotype BMNH 1930.7.3.410, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia fruticosa Montagu, 1814
Holotype BMNH 1930.7.3.484, geounit Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia plumosa Montagu, 1814


 Alien species

James T. Carlton (in litteris) suspects this to be an introduced species in Hawaii. [details]

 Description

Four erect tubes, 8-10 cm high, 2 cm diameter, wall 1-2 mm thick. Softly resilient. Main skeleton a reticulation of ... [details]

 Diagnosis

L'Eponge forme, sur un Polypier mort, une croûte jaunâtre, assez étendue, très mince et molle. Elle est ... [details]

 Distribution

Doubtful record from Europe. This species was originally described from the East Pacific. [details]

 Distribution

European record doubtful. This species was originally described from the Sudanese Red Sea. [details]

 Distribution

Croatia [details]

 Distribution

This species was originally described from Gabon (West Africa), so is unlikely to occur in the Indian Ocean. [details]

 Holotype

ZMUC, MNHN DCl 1404 [details]

 Holotype

MNHN DCL 1259 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1907.2.1.54-55 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH, a Bowerbank spicule from unknown locality. [details]

 Holotype

MNHN [details]

 Holotype

ZMB 2922 [details]

 Holotype

MNHN DT 170 [details]

 Holotype

MNHN DT 232 [details]

 Holotype

MSNG [details]

 Holotype

USNM 23142 [details]

 Holotype

Holotype MSNG 50031. Type locality Kuda Rah, Maldives, 12 m. [details]

 Holotype

RMNH 933 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1886.12.15.119 [details]

 Holotype

IM 6597/7 ZEV, BMNH 1981.10.14.3 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1882.2.23.319 [details]

 Holotype

BMNH 1921.11.7.47 [details]

 Holotype

NTM Z1787 [details]

 Holotype

Dundee Mus. [details]

 Holotype

BMNH [details]

 Holotype

MNHN [details]



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