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Polychaeta source details

Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58.
Hartman, O.
The polychaetous annelids of Alaska
Pacific Science
2(1): 3-58
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
[None. Introduction starts as:]

This paper is based on the polychaetous annelids obtained by the Alaska King Crab Investigation, which was sponsored by the United States Fisheries Commission. The annelids were taken almost entirely from southern and southwestern Alaska, from Port Ashton west to the western end of the Alaska Peninsula (Map I). In addition, some were obtained from scattered stations eastward to Icy Straits, near Pleasant Island, and to the north and west in the Bering Sea, north of St. Lawrence Island (Map II). The studies were conducted from September to November, 1940, and from February to August, 1941. Bathymetric ranges were largely limited to shallow depths, including shore to 60 fathoms, but three stations represented by polychaetes were in depths of 100 to 150 fathoms. A general report of the investigation has been published (Investigation Staff, 1942).

The intertidal areas of Alaska have heretofore been little explored for the annelid fauna. Except for the vast collections of the U.S.S. "Albatross" made by the Alaskan Salmon Commission during the summer of 1903 (of which much was dredged from deep water), the published records are quite limited, although they extend over many years (1821 to 1943).

The collections of the present investigation comprise 99 species, including six new to science. There are 45 new records for Alaska including three species from material in the author's collection. These, together with 168 species (and seven questionable names) previously recorded, bring the total number for Alaska to 213 species plus the seven questionable names. These results are discussed in detail below.

The various stations are listed and the known ecological data of each are given at the end of the systematic treatment.

The bibliographic citations in the systematic section include the original description and such others as aid in the ready identification of the species. For most of the species originally described from the eastern Pacific the citations are complete unless they are synonymized elsewhere. In all cases it is possible to consult all references for Alaska and environs from the data given.
Arctic-Boreal marine
Pacific, North East (Warm + cold temperate (boreal))
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2014-08-10 15:56:55Z
2016-02-08 11:17:53Z

Acrocirrus heterochaetus Annenkova, 1934 (additional source)
Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (additional source)
Amphitrite palmata Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Neoamphitrite affinis (Malmgren, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite palmata Moore, 1906 accepted as Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (source of synonymy)
Amphitrite radiata Moore, 1908 accepted as Amphitrite cirrata Müller, 1776 (source of synonymy)
Aricidea heteroseta Hartman, 1948 accepted as Aricidea suecica Eliason, 1920 represented as Aricidea (Strelzovia) suecica Eliason, 1920 (original description)
Chitinopoma groenlandica sensu Hartman, 1948 (non Mörch, 1863) accepted as Chitinopoma serrula (Stimpson, 1853) (basis of record)
Chitinopoma occidentalis (Bush, 1905) accepted as Pseudochitinopoma occidentalis (Bush, 1905) (basis of record)
Evarnella triannulata (Moore, 1910) accepted as Harmothoe extenuata (Grube, 1840) (source of synonymy)
Haploscoloplos alaskensis Hartman, 1948 accepted as Scoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger alaskensis (Hartman, 1948) (original description)
Haploscoloplos elongata (Johnston, 1901) accepted as Leitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (additional source)
Hololepidella tuta (Grube, 1855) accepted as Grubeopolynoe tuta (Grube, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Hyalopomatopsis occidentalis Bush, 1905 accepted as Pseudochitinopoma occidentalis (Bush, 1905) (additional source)
Leaena nuda Moore, 1906 accepted as Lanassa venusta (Malm, 1874) (additional source)
Nereis neoneanthes Hartman, 1948 (original description)
Nicomache carinata Moore, 1906 accepted as Nicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (source of synonymy)
Nicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (additional source)
Spinther alaskensis Hartman, 1948 (original description)
Spinther arcticus (M. Sars, 1851) (additional source)
Spinther miniaceus Grube, 1860 accepted as Spinther arcticus (M. Sars, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Spinther wireni Hartman, 1948 accepted as Spinther vegae Augener, 1928 (original description)
Spio filicornis (Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Syllis alternata Moore, 1908 (source of synonymy)
Tharyx hamatus Hartman, 1948 accepted as Caulleriella hamata (Hartman, 1948) (original description)
Typosyllis alternata (Moore, 1908) accepted as Syllis alternata Moore, 1908 (basis of record)
Typosyllis collaris Hartman, 1948 accepted as Eusyllis collaris (Hartman, 1948) (original description)
Holotype USNM 20914, geounit Alaskan part of the Bering Sea, identified as Typosyllis collaris Hartman, 1948
Nontype USNM 22819, geounit Alaska, identified as Acrocirrus heterochaetus Annenkova, 1934
 Depth range

42 fathoms (77 m).  [details]


Bering Sea.  [details]

 Editor's comment

Currently a synonym of H. operculata, but might be molecularly distinct. [details]


The specific epithet collaris refers to the presence of a nuchal lobe or collar which overlains the posterior ... [details]


Unknown.  [details]


Confused history. Hartman (1948: 44, 51) corrected Mörch's spelling to 'groenlandica' although there was no accent ... [details]


Superfluous replacement name for the purported Spinther arcticus "Wirén", which Hartman thought was a junior ... [details]


Later authors changed the spelling unnecessarily to 'groenlandica'. There was no diaeresis in the original spelling ... [details]


Current taxon junior synonym of species listed. Frank et al. (1985: 40) resumed the systematic history of the ... [details]

 Type locality

Arctic Ocean, Alaskan part of the Bering Sea (58º34'N, 165º17'W).  [details]