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Online sources

Online databases Online journals

Several key online databases have been consulted to develop this dataset:

  1. Molnar et al. (2008)

    This was the first global assessment of marine invasive species, including their impacts and routes of introduction. Over 350 databases and other sources were consulted and information on 329 marine invasive species, including their distribution, impacts on biodiversity, and introduction pathways were synthesized. Analyses indicated that international shipping, followed by aquaculture, represented the major means of introduction.

  2. Hayes et al. (2005)

    Hayes et al. (2005) undertook a two year study designed to identify and rank introduced marine species found within Australian waters and those that are not found within Australian waters. The invasion database collated for this project recorded 1582 marine and estuarine species that have been transported by human-mediated activities or have human-mediated invasion histories around the world. The invasion database developed for this study was shared by the author [Hayes, K.R. (2005). Marine Species Introductions, The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) (unpublished data).]. The list of descriptors of impact types and vectors/pathways has been adapted from this dataset.

  3. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)

    The DAISIE project was funded by the sixth framework programme of the European Commission (Contract Number: SSPI-CT-2003-511202). The goal was to provide a "one-stop-shop" for information on biological invasions in Europe, delivered via an international team of leading experts in the field of biological invasions, latest technological developments in database design and display, and an extensive network of European collaborators and stakeholders. Data has been collated for vertebrates, invertebrates, marine and inland aquatic organisms as well as plants from up to 98 countries/regions (including islands) in the wider Europe. Over 248 datasets were assembled and verified by experts, representing the largest database on invasive species in the world. Marine species records were extracted from this database.

  4. ISSG Archives and Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)

    The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a global network of scientific and policy experts on invasive species. The ISSG promotes and facilitates the exchange of invasive species information and knowledge across the globe and ensures the linkage between knowledge, practice and policy so that decision making is informed. The ISSG developed the first global database on invasive alien species, GISD, and since over a decade have maintained archived information on invasive alien species in species and thematic folders. The ISSG Archives and the GISD were consulted for data and information on marine alien and invasive species.

  5. The European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN)

    EASIN is an initiative of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, and aims to enable easy access to data and information on Alien Species (AS) in Europe from existing online databases to assist policy makers and scientists in their efforts to tackle AS invasions. Global, European, Regional, National and Sub-National databases have been consulted to create the EASIN Catalogue of species. The dataset of alien species in the marine environment were shared by EASIN.

  6. The Information system on aquatic non-indigenous and cryptogenic species (AquaNIS)

    AquaNIS is an online information system that contains data on Non-Indigenous Species introduced to marine, brackish and coastal freshwater of Europe and neighbouring region. It features information on introduction histories, recipient regions, taxonomy, biological traits, impacts, and other relevant documented data. Annotations on pathway/vector types and species records were extracted from this database.

  7. National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS)

    The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) has developed and maintains a national database of marine and estuarine invasions of the continental U.S. and Alaska. This relational database compiles detailed information on approximately 500 different non-native species of plants, fish, invertebrates, protists and algae that have invaded the coastal waters of continental US and Alaska. The database identifies which species have been reported, their current population status (i.e., whether established or not), as well as when, where, and how they invaded; it also summarizes key information on the biology, ecology, and known impacts of each invader.

Furthermore several key journals have been consulted, which resulted in a literature list of over 400 journal articles.

  1. Aquatic Invasions

    Aquatic Invasions is an open access, peer-reviewed international journal focusing on biological invasions in both inland and coastal water ecosystems from around the world. It was established in 2006 as initiative of the International Society of Limnology (SIL) Working Group on Aquatic Invasive Species (WGAIS) with start-up funding from the European Commission Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development Integrated Project ALARM. Aquatic Invasions provides a forum for professionals involved in research of aquatic non-native species, including a focus on the following: Patterns of species dispersal, including range extensions with global change; Trends in new introductions and establishment; Population dynamics; Ecological and evolutionary impacts; Prediction of new invasions; and Advances in species identification and taxonomy

  2. BioInvasions Records

    BioInvasions Records is an open access, rapid peer-reviewed international journal of field research on biological invasions in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems from around the world. BioInvasions Records is devoted primarily to publication of research and data papers on records of non-native species. The journal provides the opportunity of timely publication of first records of aquatic and terrestrial invaders and other relevant information needed for online databases, decision support and early warning systems. BioInvasions Records is a continuation of the former Aquatic Invasions Records, Supplement of Aquatic Invasions, published in 2010-2011.

  3. Marine Biodiversity records

    Marine Biodiversity Records is a rapid peer-reviewed, online publication that complements the long-established Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. Marine Biodiversity Records has been launched in response to the changing marine and coastal environment and an increasing demand for the documentation of marine organisms in locations where they have not formerly been recorded, as well as of species loss from habitats. Marine Biodiversity Records therefore welcomes original research articles which document and review changes in geographical ranges of marine species, including the effects of the introduction of novel or alien species to marine ecosystems, and of taxonomic studies relevant to these changes.

  4. Mediterranean Marine Science Journal & New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records

    Mediterranean Marine Science is published semi-annually by the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR). The journal welcomes original research articles, short communications, New Mediterranean Biodiversity records, extended reviews, comments, and Theme sections in all fields of Oceanography, Marine Biology, Marine Conservation, Fisheries and Aquaculture in the Mediterranean area and the adjacent regions. All content is peer reviewed.

  5. Biological Invasions

    Biological Invasions publishes research and synthesis papers on patterns and processes of biological invasions in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine (including brackish) ecosystems. Also of interest are scholarly papers on management and policy issues as they relate to conservation programs and the global amelioration or control of invasions.

Please note that the literature search was not confined to only the listed databases and journals.