WoRMS taxon details

Parazoanthus axinellae (Schmidt, 1862)

101055  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101055)

Palythoa axinellae Schmidt, 1862 · alternative representation
Parazoanthus dixoni Haddon & Shackleton, 1891 · unaccepted (Junior synonym)


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marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Palythoa axinellae Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 61-62, Pl. VI fig. 2, 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Reimer, J.D.; Sinniger, F. (2024). World List of Zoantharia. Parazoanthus axinellae (Schmidt, 1862). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=101055 on 2024-06-22
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2017-01-13 08:13:20Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Palythoa axinellae Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 61-62, Pl. VI fig. 2, 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Parazoanthus dixoni Haddon & Shackleton, 1891) Haddon, A. and Shackleton, A. (1891). A revision of the British actiniæ. Part II.: The Zoantheæ. <i>Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society</i>. 4 (12): 609-672. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 106-109 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Colin, P.L.; Arneson, C. (1995). Tropical Pacific Invertebrates. A fieldGuide to the Marine Invertebrates Occurring on Tropical Pacific Coral Reefs, Seagrass Beds and Mangroves. <em>Coral Reef Press: Irvine, USA.</em> 1-296.
page(s): 126 [details]   

additional source Gili, J.M., 1982. Fauna de cnidaris de les illes Medes. Treballs Inst. Cat. Hist. nat. 10 : 1-175.
page(s): 127-129 [details]   

additional source Lwowsky, F.F., 1913. Revision der Gattung Sidisia Gray (Epizoanthus Auct.). Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Zooanthiden. Zool. Jb., Syst. 34 5-6: 557-614.
page(s): 596 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H., 1969. Die nesselkapseln der aktinien und ihre differentialdiagnostische bedeutung. The nematocysts of the sea anemones and their importance for differential-diagnosis. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters. 19 : 284-317.
page(s): 312 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J.S., Brasseur M.M., Lancaster J.E., 2004. Use of cnidae in taxonomy: implications from a study of Acrozoanthus australiae (Hexacorallia, Zoanthidea). Journal of Natural History 38 : 1193-1223.
page(s): 1195 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sinniger and Haussermann. 2009. Zoanthids (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) from shallow waters of the southern Chilean fjord region, with descriptions of a new genus and two new species
page(s): 25, 29, 30, 32, 35 [details]   

additional source Reimer JD, Sinniger F, Fujiwara Y, Hirano S, Maruyama T. 2007. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Abyssoanthus nankaiensis, a new family, new genus and new species of deep-sea zoanthid (Anthozoa:Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) from a north-west Pacific methane cold seep
page(s): 257, 260 [details]   

additional source Swain, T. D. 2009. Isozoanthus antumbrosus, a new species of zoanthid (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Zoanthidea) symbiotic with Hydrozoa from the Caribbean, with a key to hydroid and sponge-symbiotic zoanthid species. Zootaxa 2051: 41-48.
page(s): 47 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J.D.; Fujii, T. (2010). Four new species and one new genus of zoanthids (Cnidaria, Hexacorallia) from the Galápagos Islands. ZooKeys, 42: 1-36.
page(s): 18, 24, 25, 31 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J.D.; Sinniger, F. (2010). Unexpected diversity in Canadian Pacific zoanthids (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Hexacorallia): a molecular examination and description of a new species from the waters of British Columbia. Mar. Biodiv., 40(4): 249-260. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 257 [details]   

additional source Philipp, N.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Three new species of shallow water, yellow zoanthids (Hexacorallia: Zoanthidea: Epizoanthidae) from southern California, USA, and southern Australia. Zootaxa, 2058: 53–61.
page(s): 57, 60 [details]   

additional source Sinniger, F.; Reimer, J.D.; Pawlowski, J. (2010). The Parazoanthidae (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) DNA taxonomy: description of two new genera. Marine Biodiversity, 40(1), 57-70.
page(s): 58, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1911). Aktinien der Aru-Inseln. <em>Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 33: 297-304., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37103285
page(s): 299 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. 1937. Die Korallenfauna der Adria. Teil 1: Krustenanemonen. Thalassia. 2(7):3-66.
page(s): 7, 8, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24-33, 61, 62, 63 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1957). Die Zoantharien des Golfes von Neapel. <i>Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli</i>. 30: 309-329.
page(s): 312, 313, 314, 315-322, 327 [details]   

additional source Haddon, A. and Shackleton, A. (1891). A revision of the British actiniæ. Part II.: The Zoantheæ. <i>Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society</i>. 4 (12): 609-672.
page(s): 611, 615, 617, 620, 622, 627, 633, 653-657 [details]   

additional source Haddon, A. and Shackleton, A. (1891). Reports on the zoological collections made in Torres Straits by Professor A. C. Haddon, 1888-1889. Actiniæ: I. Zoantheæ. <i>Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society</i>. 4 (13): 673-701., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14865820
page(s): 687 [details]   

additional source Herberts, C. (1972). Etude systématique de quelques zoanthaires tempérés et tropicaux. <em>Tethys.</em> Supplement 3, pp. 69-156.
page(s): 78, 79, 81, 84-88, 144 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sinniger, F.; Montoya-Burgos, J. I.; Chevaldonné, P.; Pawlowski, J. (2005). Phylogeny of the order Zoantharia (Anthozoa, Hexacorallia) based on the mitochondrial ribosomal genes. <em>Marine Biology.</em> 147(5): 1121-1128., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-005-0016-3
page(s): 1122, 1124, 1125, 1126, 1127 [details]   

additional source Manuel, R. L. (1981). British Anthozoa. <em>London: Academic Press.</em> 241 pp. (Synopses of the British Fauna).
page(s): 78-79 [details]   

additional source Abel, E.F. (1959). Zur Kenntnis der marinen Hohlenfauna unter besonderer Beriicksichtigung der Anthozoen. <em>Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli.</em> 30 (Suppl. 1): 1-94.
page(s): 1, 3, 5, 9-21, 24, 34, 39, 41, 44, 67, 76, 85, 87, 88 [details]   

additional source Fossa, S. A.; Nilsen, A. J. (1998). The Modern Coral Reef Aquarium. <em>Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag, Bornheim, Germany.</em> volume 2, pp 479.
page(s): 275 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1935). Di alcune Attinie e Zoantarî raccolti nel Golfo di Genova. Bollettino del Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata, 15(83): 3-14
page(s): 11-12 [details]   

additional source Duerden, J. E. (1900). Jamaican Actiniaria. Part II. - Stichodactylinæ and Zoantheæ. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society, 7, 2, 133-208
page(s): 187, 191-192 [details]   

additional source Cornelius, P. F. S.; Manuel, R. L.; Ryland, J. S. (1995). Hydroids, sea anemones, jellyfish, and comb jellies (Phyla Cnidaria and Ctenophora). Oxford University Press. Oxford., chapter 4, edition 2nd, pp. 800
page(s): 120 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1972). Die Nesselkapseln der Anthozoen und ihre Bedeutung fur die phylogenetische Systematik. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 23, 422-458
page(s): 437, 439, 441 [details]   

additional source Herberts, C. (1987). Ordre des Zoanthaires. Masson. Paris., pp. 783-810
page(s): 793, 795, 798, 801 [details]   

additional source Herberts, C. (1972). Contribution a l'étude biologique de quelques zoanthaires tempérés et tropicaux. I. - Reproduction, croissance somatique, bourgeonnement. Tethys, 4(3): 711-728
page(s): 712 [details]   

additional source Herberts, C. (1972). Contribution à l'étude écologique de quelques zoanthaires tempérés et tropicaux. Marine Biology, 13, 127-136
page(s): 129, 135 [details]   

additional source Muirhead, A. M.; Ryland, J. S. (1985). A review of the genus Isaurus Gray, 1828 (Zoanthidea), including new records from Fiji. Journal of Natural History, 19, 323-335
page(s): 329 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Mueller, I. (1957). Zoantharien des zoologischen museums in Genua. Annali del Museu Civico di Storia Naturali 'Giacomo Doria', 69, 19-30
page(s): 27, 29 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Lochter, H. (1935). Epizoanthus vatovai, eine neue Carcinoecien bildende Krustenanemone der Adria. Note dell'Instituto Italo-Germanico di biologia marina di Rovigno d'Istria, 1, 3-16
page(s): 4, 9, 11 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1938). Parazoanthus axinellae als Höhlenbewohner. Note dell'Instituto Italo-Germanico di biologia marina di Rovigno d'Istria, 2, 5, 3-15
page(s): 3-15 [details]   

additional source Seifert, R. (1928). Die Nesselkapseln der Zoantharien und ihre differentialdiagnostische Bedeutung. Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 55, 419-500
page(s): 421, 497-498 [details]   

additional source Garrabou, J. (1999). Life-history traits of Alcyonium acaule and Parazoanthus axinellae (Cnidaria, Anthozoa), with emphasis on growth. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 178, 193-204
page(s): 193-202 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P. J.; Nelson-Smith, T.; Shields, C. (1986). Collins Pocket Guide. Sea Shore of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins. London., pp. 352.
page(s): 68-69 [details]   

additional source Riedl, R. (1970). Fauna und Flora der Adria. Paul Parey. Hamburg and Berlin., pp. 702.
page(s): 175, 176, 178, 180 [details]   

additional source Riedl, R. (1963). Fauna und Flora der Adria. Paul Parey. Hamburg and Berlin., edition 1, pp. 702.
page(s): 157-158 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (2000). Reproduction in British zoanthids, and an unusual process in Parazoanthus anguicomus. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 80, 943-944
page(s): 943 [details]   

additional source Ryland, J. S. (1997). Reproduction in Zoanthidea (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 31(1-3): 177-188
page(s): 178, 179, 180, 185 [details]   

additional source Arndt, W.; Pax, F. (1936). Das Zusammenleben von Krustenanemonen und schwämmen im Mittelmeer, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Adria. Thalassia, 2(3): 1-34
page(s): 3-30 [details]   

additional source Ates, R. M. L. (1995). Colonial anemones - Zoanthiniaria. A review for the seriously interested marine aquarist. Aquarium Frontiers, Spring 1995, 10-13
page(s): 11 [details]   

additional source Picton, B. E. (1985). Anthozoans (Coelenterata: Anthozoa) new to Ireland and new records of some rarely recorded species. Irish Naturalists' Journal, 21(11): 484-488
page(s): 486 [details]   

additional source Fosså, S. A.; Nilsen, A. J. (1995). Korallenriff-Aquarium, 4. Nesseltiere in Korallenriff und für das Korallenriff-Aquarium. Birgit Schmettkamp Verlag. Bornheim, Germany., edition 1st, volume 4, pp. 447.
page(s): 261 [details]   

additional source Daly, M.; Lipscomb, D. L.; Allard, M. W. (2002). A simple test: evaluating explanations for the relative simplicity of the Edwardsiidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Evolution, 56(3): 502-510
page(s): 503, 505, 506, fig. 1, fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Won, J. H.; Rho, B. J.; Song, J. I. (2001). A phylogenetic study of the Anthozoa (phylum Cnidaria) based on morphological and molecular characters. Coral Reefs, 20(1): 39-50
page(s): 39-49 [details]   

additional source Ocaña, O.; Brito, A.; Núñez, J.; Bacallado, J. J. (1995). Redescripción de Gerardia savaglia (Bertoloni, 1819) (Anthozoa: Zoantharia: Gerardiidae). Vieraea, 24, 153-164
page(s): 159 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1974). On evolution in the Anthozoa. Proceedings of the Second International Coral Reef Symposium, 1, 533-560
page(s): 535, 541, 543, 547 [details]   

additional source Acosta, A.; Sammarco, P. W.; Duarte, L. F. (2005). New fission processes in the zoanthid Palythoa caribaeorum: description and quantitative aspects. Bulletin of Marine Science, 76(1): 1-26
page(s): 16 [details]   

additional source Pax, F.; Müller, I. (1956). Westafrikanische Zoantharien. Bulletin de l'Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, 32(61): 1-11
page(s): 1-2 [details]   

additional source Ardelean, A.; Fautin, D. G. (2004). A new species of the sea anemone Megalactis (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniaria, Actinodendridae) from Taiwan and designation of a neotype for the type species of the genus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 117(4): 488-504
page(s): 502 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Ono, S.; Reimer, J. D.; Tsukahara, J. (2005). Reproduction of Zoanthus sansibaricus in the infra-littoral zone at Taisho Lava Field, Sakurajima, Kagoshima, Japan. Zoological Science, 22, 247-255
page(s): 254 [details]   

additional source Vafidis, D.; Koukouras, A. (1998). Antipatharia, Ceriantharia, and Zoantharia (Hexacorallia, Anthozoa) of the Aegean Sea with a check list of the Mediterranean and Black Sea species. Annales de l'Institute Oceanographique, 74(2): 115-126
page(s): 119-120, 122-123 [details]   

additional source Rossi, L. (1956). Osservazioni ecologiche su alcuni Antozoi del golfo di Genova. Bollettino di Zoologia, 23(2): 237-246
page(s): 239 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1935). Beobachtungen an lebenden Krustenanemonen. Praktische Mikroskopie, 13(11): 330-344
page(s): 331-340, 342 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1972). Bionomische studien an Mediterranen Anthozoen: die Anthozoenfauna des Strombolicchio (Äolische Inseln). Marine Biology, 15, 265-278
page(s): 272, 275, 277 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Nontype MSNG, geounit Italian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Nontype MZDAUT [details]
Unknown type NZS NR493, geounit Italian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]

Catalan anèmona incrustant groga  [details]
English yellow encrusting sea anemoneyellow commensal zoanthidyellow cluster anemone  [details]
French anémone encroûtante jaune  [details]
German Gelbe Krustenanemone  [details]
Italian margherita di mare  [details]
Spanish anémona incrustante amarilla  [details]