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Porifera taxon details

Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758

125284  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284)

accepted
Genus
Species Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 sensu Esper, 1829

Species Alcyonium incrustans Esper, 1806 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Alcyonium junceum Lamarck, 1815 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Alcyonium globosum sensu De La Beche, 1832 † (nomen nudum)

Species Alcyonium aurantium Pallas, 1766 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium boletiforme Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Polymastia boletiformis (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium boletus Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Thorectandra boletus (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium bulbosum Esper, 1794 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium cidaris Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Geodia cidaris (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium compactum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium cranium Müller, 1776 accepted as Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cuspidiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Cervicornia cuspidifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cydonium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Geodia cydonium (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium cylindricum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Neopetrosia cylindrica (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium distortum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium domuncula Olivi, 1792 accepted as Suberites domuncula (Olivi, 1792) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium ensiferum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Homaxinella ensifera (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium epiphytum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Protosuberites epiphytum (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium granulatum Esper, 1794 accepted as Myrmekioderma granulatum (Esper, 1794) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium lyncurium Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Tethya aurantium (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium manusdiaboli sensu Esper, 1794 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium medullare Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Alcyonium opuntioides Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Antho (Antho) opuntioides (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium paniceum (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium papillosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Phoriospongia papillosa (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium purpureum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Spheciospongia purpurea (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium putridosum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Oceanapia putridosa (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium pyrifera Delle Chiaje, 1828 accepted as Rhizaxinella pyrifera (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium sceptrum Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Agelas sceptrum (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium testudinarium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Alcyonium vesparium Lamarck, 1815 accepted as Spheciospongia vesparium (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]   
Note The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has...  
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
Porifera (2018). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2018-06-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z
changed
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z
changed
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 803 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden, 117. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Type species The genus name Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758 has been used by various authors for a wide range of sessile invertebrates (a.o. sponges, ascidians and algae). The name is fixed as an Octocoral genus name by subsequent designation of Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 as type species by Milne Edwards & Haime, 1850 (p. lxxvii). [details]
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ウミトサカ  [details]
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]



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