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Porifera source details

Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp.
6833
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.)
2002
Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges.
Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp.
Publication
Introduction. Pp. 1-3
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Achinoe Gray, 1867 accepted as Plakina Schulze, 1880 (basis of record)
Agilardiella Marshall, 1884 accepted as Tethyopsis Stewart, 1870 (basis of record)
Asculmis Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (basis of record)
Bubaris erecta (Carter, 1876) accepted as Acanthella erecta (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Callyspongia (Callyspongia) multiformis (Lendenfeld, 1887) accepted as Callyspongia (Callyspongia) ramosa (Gray, 1843) (basis of record)
Calycosilva Lendenfeld, 1915 accepted as Sympagella Schmidt, 1870 (basis of record)
Ceratopsis Thiele, 1898 accepted as Ceratopsion Strand, 1928 (basis of record)
Chalinohaphis accepted as Petrosia Vosmaer, 1885 (basis of record)
Choanites Mantell, 1822 sensu Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Suberites Nardo, 1833 (basis of record)
Cinachyrella anomala (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) inanchorata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (basis of record)
Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 (basis of record)
Clathria basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973) (basis of record)
Clathria frondifera var. setotubulosa Wilson, 1925 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Clathrina compacta sensu Row, 1909 accepted as Arthuria sueziana (Klautau & Valentine, 2003) accepted as Arturia sueziana (Klautau & Valentine, 2003) (basis of record)
Clistolynthus Haeckel, 1870 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (basis of record)
Craniella lentiformis Thiele, 1898 (basis of record)
Cryptax de Laubenfels, 1954 (basis of record)
Demospongiae (additional source)
Dictyocylindrus piniformis Carter, 1885 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) piniformis (Carter, 1885) (basis of record)
Dyssycum Haeckel, 1870 accepted as Leucandra Haeckel, 1872 (basis of record)
Ectyonopis accepted as Ectyonopsis Carter, 1883 (basis of record)
Ectyonopis ramosa Carter, 1883 accepted as Ectyonopsis ramosa Carter, 1883 (basis of record)
Euryades Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Igernella Topsent, 1905 (basis of record)
Farrea costifera Bowerbank, 1875 (basis of record)
Fasciospongia retiformis (Lendenfeld, 1889) (basis of record)
Halichondria pattersoni Bowerbank, 1866 represented as Iophon nigricans (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Hamacantha tenda (Schmidt, 1880) represented as Hamacantha (Vomerula) tenda (Schmidt, 1880) (basis of record)
Helophloeina Topsent, 1929 accepted as Asbestopluma (Helophloeina) Topsent, 1929 (basis of record)
Heterorete pulchrum Dendy, 1916 (basis of record)
Hymedesmia matthesi Arndt, 1941 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) matthesi Arndt, 1941 (basis of record)
Hymedesmia microstrongyla Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 represented as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) microstrongyla Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 (basis of record)
Hymedesmia parvispiculata Burton & Rao, 1932 accepted as Hymedesmia (Stylopus) parvispicula Burton & Rao, 1932 (basis of record)
Joannella Schmidt, 1880 accepted as Iphiteon Bowerbank, 1869 (basis of record)
Keratylum Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Protosuberites Swartschewsky, 1905 (basis of record)
Latrunculia microacanthoxea Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 represented as Latrunculia (Biannulata) microacanthoxea Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 (basis of record)
Lepidospongia sensu Dendy, 1924 accepted as Lepidothenea Laubenfels, 1936 (basis of record)
Leptolabis brunnea Topsent, 1904 accepted as Forcepia (Leptolabis) brunnea (Topsent, 1904) (basis of record)
Leucaltis pumila (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Leucandra pumila (Bowerbank, 1866) (basis of record)
Leucaltis pumila var. normanni Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra pumila (Bowerbank, 1866) (basis of record)
Lissodendoryx arenaria Burton, 1936 represented as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) arenaria Burton, 1936 (basis of record)
Lissodendoryx atlantica (Stephens, 1916) represented as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) atlantica (Stephens, 1916) (basis of record)
Megalopastas Dendy, 1905 accepted as Spongionella Bowerbank, 1862 (basis of record)
Mlea Haeckel, 1872 accepted as Leucandra Haeckel, 1872 (basis of record)
Mycale beatrizae Hajdu & Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1994 represented as Mycale (Mycale) beatrizae Hajdu & Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1994 (basis of record)
Olynthus Haeckel, 1869 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (additional source)
Oncosclera atrata (Bonetto & Ezcurra de Drago, 1970) (basis of record)
Ophlitospongia accepted as Ophlitaspongia Bowerbank, 1866 (basis of record)
Paratetilla bacca (Selenka, 1867) (additional source)
Phorbas arenacea (Carter, 1885) accepted as Crella incrustans var. arenacea (Carter, 1885) (basis of record)
Phyllospongia frondosa Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Lendenfeldia plicata (Esper, 1794) (basis of record)
Pleiomeyenia Mills, 1884 accepted as Ephydatia Lamouroux, 1816 (basis of record)
Porifera (basis of record)
Spongelia palmata var. poculata Hyatt, 1877 accepted as Taonura colus (Lamarck, 1814) (basis of record)
Spongia bartholomei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 represented as Spongia (Spongia) bartholomei Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (basis of record)
Spongia cavernosa sensu Nardo, 1833 accepted as Ircinia variabilis (Schmidt, 1862) (basis of record)
Spongilla yunnani Annandale, 1909 accepted as Stratospongilla yunnani (Annandale, 1909) (basis of record)
Spongionella foliascens Kelly-Borges, Pomponi & Vacelet, 1993 (basis of record)
Spuma borealis var. tuberosa Miklucho-Maclay, 1870 accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Stegxella Bowerbank, 1874 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) Bowerbank, 1864 (basis of record)
Stratospongilla yunnani (Annandale, 1909) (basis of record)
Stylopus lissostyla Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 accepted as Hymedesmia (Stylopus) lissostyla (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (basis of record)
Tarrus Haeckel, 1869 accepted as Leucosolenia Bowerbank, 1864 (basis of record)
Tethya unca Bowerbank, 1872 accepted as Craniella cranium (Müller, 1776) (basis of record)
Tethyopsilla globosa Baer, 1906 accepted as Tetilla globosa (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Tetilla amboinensis Kieschnick, 1898 accepted as Paratetilla amboinensis (Kieschnick, 1898) (basis of record)
Tetilla globosa (Baer, 1906) (basis of record)
Triptolemma intextus (Carter, 1876) accepted as Triptolemma intextum (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Velinea Vosmaer, 1883 accepted as Spongionella Bowerbank, 1862 (basis of record)
Vioa coccinea Nardo, 1839 accepted as Cliona celata Grant, 1826 (basis of record)
Acapulco for Donatia multifida Carter, 1882 
Acapulco for Thenea echinata Wilson, 1904 
Acapulco for Tuba acapulcaensis Carter, 1882 
Adriatic Sea for Amphoriscus buccichii Ebner, 1887 
Adriatic Sea for Ascaltis decipiens Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Ascetta clathrina Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Ascetta maeandrina Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Ascetta mirabilis Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Cliona rovignensis Volz, 1939 
Adriatic Sea for Ebnerella gregorii Lendenfeld, 1891 
Adriatic Sea for Esperella modesta (Schmidt, 1862) 
Adriatic Sea for Halichondria luxurians Lieberkühn, 1859 
Adriatic Sea for Ircinia rigida Nardo, 1833 
Adriatic Sea for Leucandra lesinensis Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Leuconia nicaeensis Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Nardoa labyrinthus Schmidt in Haeckel, 1872 
Adriatic Sea for Pachastrella lesinensis Lendenfeld, 1894 
Adriatic Sea for Polejaevia telum (Lendenfeld, 1891) 
Adriatic Sea for Prosycum primordiale Haeckel, 1870 
Adriatic Sea for Sycaltis conifera Haeckel, 1870 
Adriatic Sea for Sycandra helleri Lendenfeld, 1891 
Adriatic Sea for Sycilla cylindrus Haeckel, 1872 
Africa for Corvospongilla scabrispiculis Annandale, 1913 
Africa for Spongilla loricata Weltner, 1895 
Africa for Spongilla nitens Carter, 1881 
Agulhas Bank for Cinachyra hamata Lendenfeld, 1907 
Agulhas Bank for Ecionemia obtusum Lendenfeld, 1907 
Agulhas Bank for Leuconia spissa Urban, 1909 
Agulhas Bank for Tethyopsilla metaclada Lendenfeld, 1907 
Ahipara Bay for Tethya expansa Sarà & Sarà, 2004 
Alaska for Calycosaccus ijimae Schulze, 1899 
Alaska for Geodinella robusta var. megaclada Lendenfeld, 1910 
Alaska for Leuconia alaskensis de Laubenfels, 1953 
Alaska for Toxochalina borealis Lambe, 1895 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Acanthascus mirabilis (Schulze, 1899) 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Chondrocladia alaskensis Lambe, 1895 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Craniella craniana de Laubenfels, 1953 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Leuconia alaskensis de Laubenfels, 1953 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Phakellia behringensis Hentschel, 1929 
Alaskan Exclusive Economic Zone for Phakellia dalli Lambe, 1895 
Albanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ochridaspongia interlithonis Gilbert & Hadzische, 1984 
Albanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ochridaspongia rotunda Arndt, 1937 
Albanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ohridospongilla stankovici Gilbert & Hadzische, 1984 
Albanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Spongilla stankovici Arndt, 1938 
Aleutian Islands for Acanthascus rugocruciatus (Okada, 1932) 
Aleutian Islands for Aphrocallistes aleutiana Okada, 1932 
Aleutian Islands for Aphrocallistes yatsui Okada, 1932 
Aleutian Islands for Aulosaccus tuberculatus Okada, 1932 
Aleutian Islands for Leucandra poculiformis Hozawa, 1918 
Aleutian Islands for Lissodendoryx firma (Lambe, 1895) 
Aleutian Islands for Toxochalina borealis Lambe, 1895 
Algiers for Farrea irregularis Bowerbank, 1876 
Algoa Bay for Grantia ramosa Smith in Haeckel, 1872 
Algoa Bay for Latrunculia bellae Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 
Algoa Bay for Strongylodesma algoaensis Samaai, Gibbons, Kelly & Davies-Coleman, 2003 
Altafjorden  for Reniera digitata Hansen, 1885 
Amazon Estuary for Spongilla paulula Bowerbank, 1863 
Amazon River for Metania paulata Gray, 1867 
Ambon for Acanthella costata Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Cacochalina mollis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Callyspongia schulzei (Kieschnick, 1900) 
Ambon for Chalina elastica Kieschnick, 1898 
Ambon for Chalina similis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Ciocalypta penicillus var. gracilis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Desmacella fragilis Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Desmapsamma vervoorti van Soest, 1998 
Ambon for Dysideopsis palmata Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Echinodictyum lacunosum Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Ecionemia amboinensis Lendenfeld, 1903 
Ambon for Esperella orientalis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Esperiopsis viridis Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Gellius glaberrimus Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Gellius hispidulus Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Halichondria cavernosa Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Hyattella lamarcki Topsent, 1933 
Ambon for Lissodendoryx baculata Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Oceanapia fragilis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Ophlitaspongia mucronata Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Pachychalina conulosa Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Pachychalina joubini Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Pellina integra Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Phylosiphonia erecta Kieschnick, 1898 
Ambon for Reniera pulvinar Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Rhaphidophlus cylindricus Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Rhaphidophlus mutabilis Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Sidonops picteti Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Siphonochalina fragilis Kieschnick, 1898 
Ambon for Spirastrella spiculifera Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Spirastrella tristellata Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Stelletta renilla Lendenfeld, 1903 
Ambon for Stylotella conulosa Topsent, 1897 
Ambon for Suberites mollis Kieschnick, 1900 
Ambon for Tetilla amboinensis Kieschnick, 1898 
Amirantes for Ceraochalina differentiata Dendy, 1922 
Amirantes for Chalina confusa Dendy, 1922 
Amirantes for Clathria maeandrina Ridley, 1884 
Amirantes for Donatia stellagrandis Dendy, 1916 
Amirantes for Erylus cylindriger Ridley, 1884 
Amirantes for Halichondria retiderma Dendy, 1922 
Amirantes for Microciona robusta Dendy, 1922 
Holotype BM, identified as Polymastia robusta Bowerbank, 1862
Unknown type, identified as Alcyonium cranium Müller, 1776
Unknown type, identified as Leucosolenia nanseni Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, identified as Ascaltis lamarcki (Haeckel, 1870)
Unknown type, identified as Spongia ananas Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia aurea Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia botryoides Ellis & Solander, 1786
Unknown type, identified as Spongia clavata Esper, 1794
Unknown type, identified as Spongia complicata Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, identified as Spongia infundibuliformis Linnaeus, 1759
Holotype, identified as Spongia stuposa Esper, 1794
Holotype, identified as Spongia verrucosa Esper, 1794
Holotype, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia velutata Renier, 1807
Holotype LMJG, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia quarnerensis Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Spongia mollissima Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Ditela nitens Schmidt, 1862
Holotype, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Aplysinopsis massa Szymanski, 1904
Holotype, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Oligoceras collectrix Schulze, 1880
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Darwinella dalmatica Topsent, 1905
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Hircinia vestibulata Szymanski, 1904
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycon tenellum Lendenfeld, 1891
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycon tuba Lendenfeld, 1891
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Sycyssa huxleyi Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Aphroceras corticata Lendenfeld, 1891
Holotype ZMUC, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Grantia clathrus Schmidt, 1864
Unknown type, locality Arctic Ocean, identified as Ebnerella lanceolata Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, locality Arctic Ocean, identified as Sycaltis glacialis Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality Arctic Ocean, identified as Leucosolenia multiformis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, locality Arctic Ocean, identified as Sycum arcticum Haeckel, 1870
Holotype, locality Asturias, identified as Thorectandra diversispiculifera Ferrer-Hernandez, 1918
Holotype, locality Australia, identified as Spongia strigilata Lamarck, 1814
Unknown type, locality Australia, identified as Homoderma sycandra Lendenfeld, 1895
Holotype MNHN, locality Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Darwinella duplex Topsent, 1905
Holotype MOM, locality Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Auletta sessilis Topsent, 1904
Unknown type, locality Balear Islands, identified as Leucandra balearica Lackschewitz, 1886
Unknown type, locality Barents Sea, identified as Sphenophorina singularis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, locality Bassian, identified as Darwinella australiensis Carter, 1885
Unknown type, locality Canary Islands, identified as Guancha blanca Miklucho-Maclay, 1868
Unknown type, locality Cape Agulhas, identified as Sycodorus hystrix Haeckel, 1870
Holotype MNHN, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Axinella agnata Topsent, 1896
Holotype MNHN, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Auletta grantioides Lévi & Vacelet, 1958
Holotype, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia conus Montagu, 1814
Holotype, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia ramosa Montagu, 1814
Holotype, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia rigida Montagu, 1814
Holotype BMNH, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia perlevis Montagu, 1814
Holotype BMNH, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia limbata Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, locality Celtic Seas, identified as Spongia fragilis Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, locality Channel Islands, identified as Dunstervillia elegans Bowerbank, 1845
Unknown type, locality Florida, identified as Sycaltis oviparus Haeckel, 1872
Unknown type, locality Floridian, identified as Cribrella papillosa Schmidt, 1870
Unknown type, locality Gibraltar, identified as Leucosolenia echinoides Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Ute utriculus Schmidt, 1869
Unknown type, locality Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia compressa Fabricius, 1780
Unknown type, locality Greenlandic Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia ciliata Fabricius, 1780
Unknown type, locality Gulf of St. Lawrence, identified as Grantia canadensis Lambe, 1896
Holotype MNHN, locality Maldives, identified as Darwinella gardineri Topsent, 1905
Unknown type, locality Murmansk, identified as Amphoriscus murmanensis Breitfuss, 1898
Unknown type, locality Naples, identified as Ascyssa troglodytes Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality Newfoundland, identified as Sycortis lingua Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality North and East Barents Sea, identified as Sycetta asconoides Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, locality Norway, identified as Sycon schuffneri Dendy & Row, 1913
Unknown type, locality Norway, identified as Plectroninia norvegica Könnecker, 1989
Unknown type, locality Norway, identified as Ebnerella nitida Arnesen, 1900
Unknown type, locality Norwegian Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Ascandra variabilis Haeckel, 1872
Unknown type, locality Oosterschelde, identified as Scypha scaldiensis Van Koolwijk, 1982
Unknown type, locality Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia agaricina Pallas, 1766
Unknown type, locality Portugal, identified as Leucandra bulbosa Hanitsch, 1895
Holotype BMNH, locality South European Atlantic Shelf, identified as Cacospongia procumbens Poléjaeff, 1884
Holotype, locality Spain, identified as Collospongelia dendyi Ferrer-Hernandez, 1923
Unknown type, locality Spain, identified as Leucandra rodriguezi (Lackschewitz, 1886)
Unknown type, locality Spain, identified as Vosmaeropsis gardineri Ferrer-Hernandez, 1916
Unknown type, locality Spitsbergen, identified as Ebnerella schulzei Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, locality Svalbard, identified as Ebnerella kuekenthali Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, locality Svalbard, identified as Pericharax polejaevi Breitfuss, 1896
Unknown type, locality Svalbard, identified as Ascyssa acufera Haeckel, 1870
Holotype ZMH, locality Svalbard, identified as Psammopemma finmarchicum Hentschel, 1929
Syntype MNHN, locality Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra, identified as Hircinia chevreuxi Topsent, 1894
Holotype MNHN, locality Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra, identified as Fasciospongia caerulea Vacelet, 1959
Unknown type, locality United Kingdom, identified as Spongia columbae Walker, 1808
Holotype, locality United Kingdom, identified as Spongia suberia Montagu, 1814
Unknown type, locality United Kingdom, identified as Leuconia johnstoni Carter, 1871
Unknown type, locality United Kingdom, identified as Grantia lacunosa Johnston, 1842
Unknown type, locality United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Grantia fistulosa Johnston, 1842
Unknown type, locality United Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Spongia palmata sensu Lamarck, 1814
Unknown type, locality United States, identified as Ascortis fragilis Haeckel, 1870
Unknown type, locality Western Mediterranean, identified as Darwinella intermedia Topsent, 1893
Unknown type, locality Western Mediterranean, identified as Clathrina rubra Sarà, 1958
Holotype, locality Western Mediterranean, identified as Axinella babici Vacelet, 1961
Holotype, locality Western Mediterranean, identified as Acanthella annulata Sarà, 1958
Unknown type, locality Woods Hole, identified as Leucosolenia cancellata Verrill, 1873
Holotype ZMA 00318, locality Northern Norway and Finnmark, identified as Acanthella multiformis Vosmaer, 1885
Holotype LMJG 15406, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia scalaris Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15407, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia cavernosa Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15412, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Cacospongia carduelis Schmidt, 1864
Holotype LMJG 15417, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Sarcotragus muscarum Schmidt, 1864
Holotype LMJG 15419, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Sarcotragus foetidus Schmidt, 1862
Holotype LMJG 15502, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Hircinia oros Schmidt, 1864
Holotype BMNH 1847.9.7.1, locality North Sea, identified as Spongia palmata Ellis & Solander, 1786
Holotype BMNH 1867.3.11.70, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Cribrella hamigera Schmidt, 1862
Holotype BMNH 1867.7.26.66, locality Adriatic Sea, identified as Acanthella acuta Schmidt, 1862


 Alien species

James T. Carlton (in litteris) suspects this to be an introduced species in Hawaii. [details]

 Description

Four erect tubes, 8-10 cm high, 2 cm diameter, wall 1-2 mm thick. Softly resilient. Main skeleton a reticulation of ... [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from Mombasa, Nyali Bridge, 2-5 m, and drop off on channel, 20-25 m, Kenya. [details]

 Distribution

Arctic [details]

 Distribution

Ariake Sea, Japan. [details]

 Distribution

Croatia [details]

 Distribution

Doubtful record from Europe. This species was originally described from the East Pacific. [details]

 Distribution

Dubious record. This species was originally described from New Guinea (as Dorypleres dendyi), subsequently recorded ... [details]

 Distribution

European record doubtful. This species was originally described from the Sudanese Red Sea. [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand [details]

 Distribution

New Zealand [details]

 Distribution

North America [details]

 Distribution

Shimoni, Howard Rocks, 04°43'S 39°23'E, Kenya, 2-4 m. [details]

 Distribution

South Africa [details]

 Distribution

This species was originally described from Gabon (West Africa), so is unlikely to occur in the Indian Ocean. [details]

 Holotype

Ac.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia [details]

 Holotype

AC.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia [details]

 Holotype

Ac.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia [details]

 Holotype

Ac.Nat.Sci.Philadelphia [details]

 Holotype

Ac.Nat.Sci.Philiadelphia [details]



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