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Porifera taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae 
AphiaID: 164811

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum)
Authority Sollas, 1885
Status accepted
Rank Class
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeractinomorpha (disused)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornacuspongia
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerospongiae (disused)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetractinomorpha (disused)
Sources  original description Sollas, W.J. 1885b. A Classification of the Sponges. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 16(95): 395. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgewone sponzen  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhorny spongesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordemosponges  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhorn- och kiselsvampar  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвича́йні гу́бки  [details]
Direct child
taxa (35)

[sort alpha..]
 Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgelasida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophorida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrosida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae incertae sedis
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendroceratida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHadromerida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalichondrida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaplosclerida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor'Lithistida'
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecilosclerida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpirophorida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerongida

Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxinellida (temporary name)
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiemnida (temporary name)
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrillida (temporary name)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemoclavia (temporary name)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscleromorpha (temporary name)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteroscleromorpha (temporary name)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeratosa (temporary name)
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongillida (temporary name)
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetractinellida (temporary name)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerongimorpha (temporary name)

Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeractinomorpha accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeratoporellida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgelasida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChoristida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrophorida
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCornacuspongia accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGummineae accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrosida
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalisarcida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondrosida
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonaxonida (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxospongiae accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerongimorpha
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNepheliospongida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosina
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetrosina
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetractinomorpha accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae
Order Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVerticillitida accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Distribution 
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Attribute Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group benthos » Stage adult (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFunctional group plankton » Stage larva (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFeedingtype filter feeder (inherited from Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera) [details]
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In the Systema Porifera the class Demospongiae was subdivided in three subclasses, Tetractinomorpha, Ceractinomorpha and Homoscleromorpha. Current insights are that the subclasses Tetractinomorpha and Ceractinomorpha overlap in many characters, are clearly paraphyletic and must be abandoned and replaced by different new assemblages. Names for groups of orders have been erected in recent papers based on molecular analyses, e.g. the old name Keratosa for a combination of Dictyoceratida and Dendroceratida, the name Tetractinellida for the combination of Spirophorida and Astrophorida (and some of the Lithistida), Verongimorpha Erpenbeck et al. 2012 for a combination of Verongida and Chondrosida including Halisarcida(e), Haploscleromorpha for the marine Haplosclerida, and Democlavia or 'G4' for the remaining orders. Until these combinations have been confirmed by forthcoming studies and until a comprehensive subclass classification has been established, we will continue using here the Systema Porifera orders as the units below the class level (May 2012). However, the former subclass Homoscleromorpha is transferred to a class of its own and is no longer considered part of the Demospongiae (January 2012). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:164811
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z  created  db_admin
2005-11-07 21:03:01Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2005-11-07 21:14:01Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2006-01-04 08:36:27Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2009-11-20 14:36:03Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Demospongiae. Accessed through: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database at http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=164811 on 2014-09-17
  


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