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Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. (2008). Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden. 82 (53): 749-790.
126168
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.
2008
Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman.
Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden
82 (53): 749-790.
Publication
The Sultanate of Oman harbours rich populations of sponges, especially in the four coral reef areas (Musandam Peninsula, Muscat coast & Daymaniyat islands, coasts of Masirah Island, and the Khuriya Muriya Islands). Up till now, apart from a few incidental samples, the sponges of Oman were known only from five dredge stations made by the John Murray Expedition 1933-1934 off the south coasts of Oman, near the Khuriya Muriya Islands, between 13.5 and 1415 m. Descriptions of the sponges obtained in these dredges were published by Burton (1959) and the specimens are deposited in the collections of the Natural History Museum, London. To complement these dredge samples, we recently obtained samples collected by SCUBA and shore collecting, mostly from the northern part of Oman, deposited in the collections of the Zoological Museum of the University of Amsterdam. We studied the combined Oman collections of the Amsterdam and London Museums. In the present contribution we treat the species belonging to the tetractinellid and hadromerid Demospongiae. The sponges of the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam are fully described and illustrated, those of the John Murray Expedition are annotated and illustrated here with habit photographs, as these were entirely lacking from Burton’s (1959) report. The collection studied here contains 30 species, two of which are new to science, six are up till now known only from Oman waters, while the remaining 24 species are shared with other areas. The Indian subcontinent shares the most species with Oman, followed by East African areas, while the nearby Arabian coasts share only few species, probably due to the poor knowledge of sponges from this region
Indian Ocean, Western
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Asteropus arenosus van Soest & Beglinger, 2008 (original description)
Asteropus moolenbeeki van Soest & Beglinger, 2008 (original description)
Chondrilla australiensis Carter, 1873 (additional source)
Chrotella cavernosa sensu Burton, 1959 accepted as Cinachyrella cavernosa (sensu Burton, 1959) (additional source)
Chrotella eurystoma sensu Burton, 1959 accepted as Paratetilla corrugata Dendy, 1922 (source of synonymy)
Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869) (basis of record)
Cinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897) accepted as Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869) (basis of record)
Craniella oxeata (Burton, 1959) (redescription)
Discodermia discifera (Lendenfeld, 1907) (basis of record)
Ecionemia cherbonnieri (Lévi, 1961) accepted as Stellettinopsis cherbonnieri Lévi, 1961 (new combination reference)
Ecionemia cinerea Thiele, 1900 (basis of record)
Ecionemia solida (Lévi, 1965) accepted as Stellettinopsis solida Lévi, 1965 (additional source)
Geodia globostellifera Carter, 1880 (basis of record)
Hemiasterella bouilloni (Thomas, 1973) (new combination reference)
Isops perarmata (Bowerbank, 1873) accepted as Geodia perarmata Bowerbank, 1873 (new combination reference)
Microscleroderma hirsutum Kirkpatrick, 1903 (additional source)
Paratetilla corrugata Dendy, 1922 (basis of record)
Rhizaxinella ramulosa (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (new combination reference)
Spheciospongia tentorioides (Dendy, 1905) (basis of record)
Spirastrella tentorioides Dendy, 1905 accepted as Spheciospongia tentorioides (Dendy, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Tentorina sigmatophora Burton, 1959 (additional source)
Tethya arabica Carter, 1869 accepted as Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869) (basis of record)
Tethya omanensis Sarà & Bavestrello, 1995 (additional source)
Tethya seychellensis (Wright, 1881) (additional source)
Theonella discifera Lendenfeld, 1907 accepted as Discodermia discifera (Lendenfeld, 1907) (new combination reference)
Cotype BMNH 1908.9.24.77a, geounit Zanzibar, identified as Cinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897
Holotype BMNH 1936.3.4.377, geounit Western Arabian Sea, identified as Tetilla oxeata Burton, 1959
Syntype BMNH 1936.3.4.516, geounit Maldives, identified as Tentorina sigmatophora Burton, 1959
Holotype ZMA Por. 17037, geounit Oman, identified as Asteropus moolenbeeki van Soest & Beglinger, 2008
Holotype ZMA Por. 17475, geounit Oman, identified as Asteropus arenosus van Soest & Beglinger, 2008
Nontype ZMA Por. 17482, geounit Gulf of Oman, identified as Tethya omanensis Sarà & Bavestrello, 1995
Holotype BMNH unnumbered, geounit Western Arabian Sea, identified as Tethya arabica Carter, 1869


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