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Porifera taxon details

Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869)

380117  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:380117)

accepted
Species
Cinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Cinachyrella voeltzkowii (junior synonym (and spelling variation))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(ofTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Carter, H.J. (1869). A descriptive account of four subspherous sponges, Arabian and British, with general observations. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 4: 1-28, pls I-II.
page(s): 3-4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  BMNH unnumbered, geounit Western Arabian Sea  
Holotype BMNH unnumbered, geounit Western Arabian Sea
Description Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered...  
Description Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered porocalices and a few oscules on the upper surface, 5 mm diameter. Spicules not protruding far beyond the surface, so the surface appears ‘short-shaven’. Stalked buds present.
Colour.— Orange, buds are yellow.
Skeleton.— Spirally radiate (as usual for the genus).
Spicules.— Oxeas, protriaenes, anatriaenes, sigmaspires. The megascleres are often broken in the preparations, so lengths are tentative. Oxeas sharply pointed, large size range, but not divisible in size categories, range from 1.9 up to 3.5 mm in length and up to 40 µm in diameter. Protriaenes and more often prodiaenes, range 1.2-2 mm in length and 7-9 µm in diameter, cladomes 40-50 µm, cladi 35-102 × 3-6 µm. Anatriaenes similar in length to protriaenes, up to 2 mm × 8-9 µm, cladomes 35-75 µm, cladi 20-40 × 6-7 µm. A considerable proportion shows very short stunted cladi. Sigmaspires 7-12 µm.
Habitat.— On large stones between the tide marks.
Remarks.— Microscopic slides of Carter’s type from Oman (BMNH unnumbered labelled Tethya arabica) and a fragment of Lendenfeld’s type of Cinachyra voeltzkowi confirmed that both species are synonymous and match the newly collected ZMA material. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Cinachyrella arabica (Carter, 1869). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=380117 on 2018-12-10
Date
action
by
2009-01-09 08:33:43Z
created

original description  (ofCinachyra voeltzkowi Lendenfeld, 1897) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1897). Spongien von Sansibar. <em>Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 21: 93-133, pls 9-10. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Carter, H.J. (1869). A descriptive account of four subspherous sponges, Arabian and British, with general observations. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 4: 1-28, pls I-II.
page(s): 3-4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. (2008). Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. <em>Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. (2008). Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. <em>Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofTetilla arabica (Carter, 1869)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Rützler, K. (2002). Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1888. Pp. 85-98. <i>In</i>: Hooper J.N.A., Van Soest R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer, Plenum, New York, pp. i-xlviii, 1-1704.  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (ofTethya arabica Carter, 1869) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J. (2008). Tetractinellid and hadromerid sponges from the Sultanate of Oman. <em>Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 82 (53): 749-790. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofCinachyrella voeltzkowii) Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofCinachyrella voeltzkowi (Lendenfeld, 1897)) Barnes D.K.A.; Bell, J.J. (2002). Coastal sponge communities of the West Indian Ocean: taxonomic affinities, richness and diversity. <em>African Journal of Ecology.</em> 40: 337-349. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofCinachyra voeltzkowi var. typica Bösraug, 1913) Bösraug, E. 1913. Die Tetractinelliden. pp. 231-251. In Voeltzkow, A., Reise in Östafrika in den Jahren 1903-1905 mit Mitteln der Herman und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgefuhrt von Alfred Voeltzkow. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.64840 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Cotype BMNH 1908.9.24.77a, geounit Zanzibar
Holotype BMNH unnumbered, geounit Western Arabian Sea
From editor or global species database
Description Description.— Globular sponges of max. 4-5 cm, with upper surface heavily covered by dark sediment and algae. Scattered porocalices and a few oscules on the upper surface, 5 mm diameter. Spicules not protruding far beyond the surface, so the surface appears ‘short-shaven’. Stalked buds present.
Colour.— Orange, buds are yellow.
Skeleton.— Spirally radiate (as usual for the genus).
Spicules.— Oxeas, protriaenes, anatriaenes, sigmaspires. The megascleres are often broken in the preparations, so lengths are tentative. Oxeas sharply pointed, large size range, but not divisible in size categories, range from 1.9 up to 3.5 mm in length and up to 40 µm in diameter. Protriaenes and more often prodiaenes, range 1.2-2 mm in length and 7-9 µm in diameter, cladomes 40-50 µm, cladi 35-102 × 3-6 µm. Anatriaenes similar in length to protriaenes, up to 2 mm × 8-9 µm, cladomes 35-75 µm, cladi 20-40 × 6-7 µm. A considerable proportion shows very short stunted cladi. Sigmaspires 7-12 µm.
Habitat.— On large stones between the tide marks.
Remarks.— Microscopic slides of Carter’s type from Oman (BMNH unnumbered labelled Tethya arabica) and a fragment of Lendenfeld’s type of Cinachyra voeltzkowi confirmed that both species are synonymous and match the newly collected ZMA material. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English tennis-ball sponge [from synonym]  [details]


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