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Polychaeta taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzostomida

233983  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:233983)

von Graff, 1877
accepted
Order
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Graff, Ludwig von. (1877). Das Genus Myzostoma (F.S. Leuckart). 1-82. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/OXVU1:oxfaleph012857796 [details]   
Read, G. (2014). Myzostomida. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233983 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2006-08-23 13:24:43Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-03-03 00:50:30Z
changed
2014-02-18 00:49:53Z
changed
2014-08-31 21:46:55Z
changed

original description Graff, Ludwig von. (1877). Das Genus Myzostoma (F.S. Leuckart). 1-82. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig., available online at http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/OXVU1:oxfaleph012857796 [details]   

taxonomy source Perrier, Edmond 1897. Traité de Zoologie Fascicle 4. Vers, Mollusques, Tuniciers: Paris, Masson et Cie., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43790#page/6/mode/1up
page(s): 1 633 [details]   

taxonomy source Rouse, G. W.; Pleijel, F. (2001). Polychaetes. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK [etc.]. ISBN 0-19-850608-2. 354 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 125 [details]   

taxonomy source Grygier, Mark. (2000). Class Myzostomida. p. 297-329 In: Beesley, P.L.; Ross, G.B.; Glasby, C.J. (eds). Polychaetes & Allies: The Southern Synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 4A Polychaeta, Myzostomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.. [details]   

taxonomy source Graff, Ludwig von. (1884). Report on the Myzostomida collected during the voyage of H.M.Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Report of the Scientific Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873-76. 10 (part 27): 1-82, 16 pl., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-27/htm/doc.html [details]   

taxonomy source Summers, Mindi M.; Al-Hakim, Iin Inayat.; Rouse, Greg W. (2014). Turbo-taxonomy: 21 new species of Myzostomida (Annelida). Zootaxa. 3873(4): 301-344., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.4.1 [details]   

taxonomy source Summers, Mindi M.; Rouse, Greg W. (2014). Phylogeny of Myzostomida (Annelida) and their relationships with echinoderm hosts. BMC Evolutionary Biology. 14(1): 170., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-014-0170-7 [details]   

additional source Helm, Conrad; Stevenson, Paul A.; Rouse, Greg W.; Bleidorn, Christoph. (2014). Immunohistochemical investigations of Myzostoma cirriferum and Mesomyzostoma cf. katoi (Myzostomida, Annelida) with implications for the evolution of the myzostomid body plan. Zoomorphology. 133(3): 257-271., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00435-014-0221-z
page(s): [evolution of segmentation] [details]   

status source Mwinyi, A.; Meyer, A.; Bleidorn, C.; Lieb, B.; Bartolomaeus, T.; Podsiadlowski, L. (2009). Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida. BMC Genomics. 10(1): 27., available online at https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-10-27 [details]   

status source Wang, Y.; Xie, Q. (2014). The Molecular Symplesiomorphies Shared by the Stem Groups of Metazoan Evolution: Can Sites as Few as 1% Have a Significant Impact on Recognizing the Phylogenetic Position of Myzostomida?. Journal of Molecular Evolution. 79(1-2): 63-74., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-014-9635-y
page(s): [Position of Myzostomida unresolved] [details]   

ecology source Jumars, Peter A.; Dorgan, Kelly M.; Lindsay, Sara M. (2015). Diet of Worms Emended: An Update of Polychaete Feeding Guilds. Annual Review of Marine Science. 7(1): 497-520., available online at https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-010814-020007
page(s): supplement A169 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Myzostomida have apparent morphological affinities to Polychaeta, and have been treated as a group within Phyllodocida. The position of Myzostomida is unresolved and recent molecular studies have not placed Myzostomida close to Polychaeta (uncertain if real or artifactual placement), although authors find similarities (just for example their planktonic larvae look very polychaete like). Myzostomida are placed in Annelida based on mitochondrial gene orders (Mwinyi et al. 2009) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcology Most Myzostomida are free-living associates of crinoid echinoderms. Some are encysted by the host in galls, some are endoparasitic. Others live on basket-stars, asteroids, or ophiuroids. Jumars et al (2015:A169) have further family-level feeding analysis [details]
Feeding Type
adult: parasitic: ectoparasitic [details]
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormyzostomarians  [details]