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Polychaeta source details

Hutchings, Patricia A.; Turvey, S. P. (1982). The Nereididae of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia. 106(3): 93-144.
50455
Hutchings, Patricia A.; Turvey, S. P.
1982
The Nereididae of South Australia
Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia
106(3): 93-144
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Eleven new species of nereid polychaetes from South Australia are described: Ceratonereis amphidonta n.sp., C. pseudoerythraeensis n.sp., C. transversa n.sp., Namanereis littoralis n.sp., Neanthes biseriata n.sp., N. isolata n.sp., N. uniseriata n.sp., Nereis bifida n.sp., N. cirriseta n.sp., N. spinigera n.sp., and N. triangularis n.sp. Two additional new species, Nereis maxillodentata n.sp. and N. parabifida n.sp. are described from New South Wales. Nereis heirissonensis and N. jacksoni are redescribed. Diagnostic descriptions are given of known species of nereids occurring intertidally in South Australia. A key is provided.
Australia
Southern Australia
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Australonereis ehlersi (Augener, 1913) (additional source)
Ceratonereis amphidonta Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 accepted as Simplisetia amphidonta (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982) (original description)
Ceratonereis mirabilis Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Ceratonereis pseudoerythraeensis Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 accepted as Simplisetia aequisetis (Augener, 1913) (original description)
Ceratonereis transversa Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 accepted as Simplisetia transversa (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982) (original description)
Micronereis halei Hartman, 1954 (additional source)
Namanereis Chamberlin, 1919 (emendation (re-diagnosis of genus))
Namanereis littoralis Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Neanthes biseriata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Neanthes isolata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Neanthes kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Neanthes uniseriata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Neanthes vaalii Kinberg, 1865 (additional source)
Nereis (Neanthes) thompsoni Kott, 1951 accepted as Nereis cockburnensis Augener, 1913 (source of synonymy)
Nereis bifida Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Nereis cirriseta Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Nereis cockburnensis Augener, 1913 (additional source)
Nereis denhamensis Augener, 1913 (additional source)
Nereis heirissonensis Augener, 1913 accepted as Nereis jacksoni Kinberg, 1865 (redescription)
Nereis maxillodentata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Nereis parabifida Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Nereis spinigera Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Nereis thompsoni Kott, 1951 accepted as Nereis cockburnensis Augener, 1913 (source of synonymy)
Nereis triangularis Hutchings & Turvey, 1982 (original description)
Holotype AM W.18397, geounit Kangaroo Island, identified as Ceratonereis amphidonta Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18398, geounit South Australia (state), identified as Ceratonereis transversa Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18417, geounit South Australia, identified as Neanthes biseriata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18430, geounit Kangaroo Island, identified as Neanthes uniseriata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18440, geounit South Australia, identified as Neanthes isolata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18510, geounit South Australia, identified as Ceratonereis pseudoerythraeensis Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18527, geounit New South Wales, identified as Nereis maxillodentata Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18528, geounit Western Australia, identified as Nereis cirriseta Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.18533, geounit South Australia, identified as Nereis bifida Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
Holotype AM W.6004, geounit Port Adelaide, identified as Namanereis littoralis Hutchings & Turvey, 1982
 Depth range

Intertidal to shallow water (2 feet). [details]

 Depth range

Not stated explicitly, presumably intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Often in the supralittoral zone, to 4 m depth. [details]

 Depth range

Low tide to shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to about 9 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 10 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 5 m. [details]

 Depth range

Subtidal to 115 m. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Kangaroo Island (South Australia). [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia; Victoria; New South Wales; Queensland. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia; Victoria; Tasmania; New South Wales. New Zealand. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: South Australia; Victoria. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia; Tasmania; New South Wales. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; Southern Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia; Victoria; New South Wales. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; Southern Australia. [details]

 Distribution

Australia: New South Wales; Queensland; Victoria. [details]

 Etymology

"Paragnaths [...] consisting of grey-brown, transparent, rounded cones (domes) and large, sharply pointed, elongate ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the similarity of the new species to C. erythraeensis Fauvel, with which it has been ... [details]

 Etymology

"The name, transversa refers to the transverse arrangement of paragnaths on the pharynx in Areas II and IV" ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the position on the shore where the animal lives" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: 108). [details]

 Etymology

"The name refers to the arrangement of paragnaths in Area VI of the pharynx" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: 110). The ... [details]

 Etymology

"The name refers to the arrangement of the paragnaths in Area VI of the pharynx" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: 113). ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the arrangement of paragnaths in Area VI of the complex" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: ... [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the bifid shape of the notopodial homogomph falcigers" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: 119). [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the elongate appendages of the notopodial falcigers" (Hutchings & Turvey, 1982: 121). [details]

 Etymology

"The specific name refers to the presence of paragnaths only on the maxillary ring of the pharynx" (Hutchings & ... [details]

 Habitat

Common in estuaries and sheltered bays, in intertidal beaches and sand spits, in salt water, often associated with ... [details]

 Habitat

In clumps of sponge at 5 m in fast-flowing channel with many Pinna[details]

 Habitat

Estuarine areas in muddy sand often associated with seagrass beds (Posidonia, Zostera)) and mangroves (Avicennia). [details]

 Habitat

Associated with mud flats and seagrass beds (Posidonia, Zostera). [details]

 Habitat

Associated with mangroves and mudflats, often in the supralittoral zone. [details]

 Habitat

Sand, amongst algae, or in crevices or under rocks, intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Habitat

Associated with Posidonia, mud flats and sponges growing in fast-flowing channels.  [details]

 Habitat

Algal holdfasts, coralline algae, in sand, crevice fauna. [details]

 Habitat

Amongst algal holdfasts, coralline algae, crevice fauna, and sand, intertidal to shallow water. [details]

 Habitat

Associated with Zostera, sand, mud and intertidal clumps of mussels. [details]

 Habitat

Associated with algae, seagrass beds, sponges and sand, intertidal to about 9 m. [details]

 Habitat

Rocky intertidal shores and subtidally to 10 m. [details]

 Habitat

Associated with algae and encrustrating fauna. [details]

 Habitat

Among algae, seagrasses, sponges and rocks. [details]

 Habitat

Subtidally amongst algae, mussels, rocks and sediment, soft bottoms to 115 m. [details]

 Habitat

Intertidal to shallow water coastal environments, recorded by Hutchings & Turvey (1982) inclumps of sponge at 5 m ... [details]

 Taxonomy

In the original description of Nereis maxillodentata, Hutchings & Turvey (1982: 93) state "[...] Nereis is partly ... [details]

 Taxonomy

In the original description of Nereis maxillodentata, Hutchings & Turvey (1982: 93) state "[...] Nereis is partly ... [details]

 Type locality

Old wharf at Maston [= Muston?] Point, American River, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, Australia (-35.7833°, ... [details]

 Type locality

Okaparinga Estuary, South Australia, Australia, Great Australian Bight (gazetteer estimate -35.164°, 138.471°). [details]

 Type locality

Streaky Bay, little island on outer margin of inner bay, South Australia, Australia, Great Australian Bight, Sta. ... [details]

 Type locality

Mangroves at North Arm, Port Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (gazeteer estimate -34.815°, 138.537°). [details]

 Type locality

Venus Bay, village, South Australia, Australia (-33.2333°, 134.6667°). [details]

 Type locality

Speeds Point, Streaky Bay, South Australia, Australia (32°48'S, 134°13'E; provided geocoordinates in original ... [details]

 Type locality

Cape du Couedic, Kangaroo Island, South Australia, Australia (-36.05°, -136.6833°). [details]

 Type locality

Speeds Point, near Streaky Bay, South Australia, Australia (32°48'S, 134°13'E; provided geocoordinates slightly ... [details]

 Type locality

Point Peron and Rottnest Island, Western Australia, Australia (gazetteer estimate -32.14°, 115.64°). [details]

 Type locality

La Perouse, New South Wales, Australia, Pacific Ocean (geocoordinates from OZCAM: -33.99167°, 151.233°). [details]

 Type material

"Kinberg's type lacks a head and the specimen is in two pieces. The parapodia agree well with the South Australian ... [details]