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HABs taxon details

Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher, 2003

233014  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:233014)

accepted
Species
marine
Botes L., Sym S.D. & Pitcher G.C. 2003. <i>Karenia cristata</i> sp. nov. and <i>Karenia bicuneiformis</i> sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae): two new Karenia species from the South African coast. Phycologia 42: 563-571. [details]   
Type locality contained in Gordon's Bay  
type locality contained in Gordon's Bay [details]
Harmful effect Toxicity needs to be confirmed, but low positive result for brevetoxin based on ELISA test has been claimed (pers. com. by...  
Harmful effect Toxicity needs to be confirmed, but low positive result for brevetoxin based on ELISA test has been claimed (pers. com. by Leanne Flewelling in Haywood et al. (2004)). [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher, 2003. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann, R.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Komárek, J.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233014 on 2019-10-15
Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Komárek, J.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher, 2003. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233014 on 2019-10-15
Date
action
by
2006-07-26 06:43:45Z
created
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-11-21 06:40:06Z
changed
2010-10-12 08:08:29Z
changed
2010-12-13 10:09:16Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

original description Botes L., Sym S.D. & Pitcher G.C. 2003. <i>Karenia cristata</i> sp. nov. and <i>Karenia bicuneiformis</i> sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae): two new Karenia species from the South African coast. Phycologia 42: 563-571. [details]   

original description  (of Karenia bidigitata Haywood & Steidinger, 2004) Haywood, A. J.; Steidinger, K. A.; Truby, E. W.; Bergquist, P. R.; Bergquist, P. L.; Adamson, J.; Mackenzie, L. (2004). Comparative morphology and molecular phylogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. <em>Journal of Phycology.</em> 40(1), 165-179., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3646.2004.02-149.x [details]   

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. <em>Acta Bot. Croat.</em> 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

source of synonymy Haywood, A. J.; Steidinger, K. A.; Truby, E. W.; Bergquist, P. R.; Bergquist, P. L.; Adamson, J.; Mackenzie, L. (2004). Comparative morphology and molecular phylogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. <em>Journal of Phycology.</em> 40(1), 165-179., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3646.2004.02-149.x [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Toxicity needs to be confirmed, but low positive result for brevetoxin based on ELISA test has been claimed (pers. com. by Leanne Flewelling in Haywood et al. (2004)). [details]
 


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