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Echinoidea source details

Rowe, F.W.E & Gates, J. (1995). Echinodermata. In ‘Zoological Catalogue of Australia’. 33 (Ed A. Wells.) pp xiii + 510 (CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.)
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Acanthocidaris Mortensen, 1903 (basis of record)
Acanthocidaris curvatispinis (Bell, 1892) (additional source)
Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Amblypneustes pulchellus (H.L. Clark, 1928) (new combination reference)
Araeosoma Mortensen, 1903 (additional source)
Aspidodiadema A. Agassiz, 1878 (additional source)
Asthenosoma Grube, 1868 (additional source)
Breynia Desor in Agassiz & Desor, 1847 (basis of record)
Brissopsis L. Agassiz, 1840 (additional source)
Brissopsis luzonicus (Gray, 1851) accepted as Brissopsis luzonica (Gray, 1851) (basis of record)
Brissopsis lyrifera (Forbes, 1841) (additional source)
Brissus Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Brissus latecarinatus (Leske, 1778) (basis of record)
Brissus unicolor (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Caenopedina A. Agassiz, 1869 (additional source)
Cidaris curvatispinis Bell, 1892 accepted as Acanthocidaris curvatispinis (Bell, 1892) (source of synonymy)
Cidaris fustigera (A. Agassiz, 1963) accepted as Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Cidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Cidarites imperialis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Cidarites metularia Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (additional source)
Cyrtechinus Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Nudechinus H.L. Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Dermechinus Mortensen, 1942 (additional source)
Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1809) (basis of record)
Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Diploporaster Mortensen, 1950 (basis of record)
Echinocyamus van Phelsum, 1774 (additional source)
Echinocyamus crispus Mazzetti, 1893 (additional source)
Echinodiscus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinolampas Gray, 1825 (basis of record)
Echinometra Gray, 1825 (basis of record)
Echinometra setosa Rumphius, 1705 accepted as Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (source of synonymy)
Echinoneus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
Echinostrephus A. Agassiz, 1863 (basis of record)
Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Echinus diadema Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Echinus reticulatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Echinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Ellipsechinus Lütken, 1864 accepted as Echinometra Gray, 1825 (basis of record)
Eucidaris Pomel, 1883 (basis of record)
Fibularia Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Fibularia volva L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847a (basis of record)
Holopneustes purpurascens (A. Agassiz, 1872) (status source)
Holopneustes pycnotylus H.L. Clark, 1912 accepted as Holopneustes purpurascens (A. Agassiz, 1872) (status source)
Hygrosoma Mortensen, 1903 (additional source)
Keraiaphorus Michelin, 1862 accepted as Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (basis of record)
Kleinia Gray, 1851 accepted as Brissopsis L. Agassiz, 1840 (additional source)
Kleinia luzonica Gray, 1851 accepted as Brissopsis luzonica (Gray, 1851) (source of synonymy)
Leiocidaris Desor, 1855 accepted as Phyllacanthus Brandt, 1835 (basis of record)
Leiocidaris annulifera (A. Agassiz, 1873) accepted as Prionocidaris baculosa annulifera (A. Agassiz, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Leiocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Leiocidaris imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Leiocidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Plococidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Lovenia Desor in Agassiz & Desor, 1847 (basis of record)
Maretia Gray, 1855 (basis of record)
Mespilia Desor in Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (basis of record)
Metalia Gray, 1855 (additional source)
Metalia dicrana H.L. Clark, 1917 (basis of record)
Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Metalia sternalis (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Microcyphus maculatus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (basis of record)
Microcyphus pulchellus H.L. Clark, 1928 accepted as Amblypneustes pulchellus (H.L. Clark, 1928) (status source)
Nudechinus H.L. Clark, 1912 (basis of record)
Nudechinus multicolor (Yoshiwara, 1898) (basis of record)
Orechinus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Trigonocidaris A. Agassiz, 1869 (basis of record)
Parasalenia A. Agassiz, 1863 (basis of record)
Parasalenia poehlii Pfeffer, 1887 (basis of record)
Pericosmus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1847 (basis of record)
Peronella Gray, 1855 (basis of record)
Phormosoma Thomson, 1872 (additional source)
Phyllacanthus Brandt, 1835 (basis of record)
Phyllacanthus annulifera A. Agassiz, 1873 accepted as Prionocidaris baculosa annulifera (A. Agassiz, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Phyllacanthus baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Prionocidaris baculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Phyllacanthus imperialis (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Plococidaris vertillata accepted as Plococidaris verticillata (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Porocidaris maculicollis De Meijere, 1904 accepted as Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Prionocidaris A. Agassiz, 1863 (basis of record)
Prometalia Pomel, 1883 accepted as Metalia Gray, 1855 (basis of record)
Pseudoboletia Troschel, 1869 (basis of record)
Pseudomaretia Koehler, 1914 accepted as Nacospatangus A. Agassiz, 1873 (basis of record)
Salmaciella Mortensen, 1942 (basis of record)
Schizaster L. Agassiz, 1835 (additional source)
Spatagobrissus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Spatangus Gray, 1825 (additional source)
Stomopneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (basis of record)
Temnopleurus L. Agassiz, 1841 (basis of record)
Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (additional source)
Temnotrema A. Agassiz, 1864 (basis of record)
Tetrodiscus accepted as Echinodiscus Leske, 1778 (basis of record)
 Authority

Cherbonnier (1952) cites (Quoy & Gaimard) as authority - Quoy & Gaimard and Jaeger seemed to have published ... [details]

 Authority

L. Agassiz, 1846 as author in Clark & Rowe (1971). In Subgenus (Fibularia) Lamarck, 1816. Lectotype Muséum ... [details]

 Authority

Ljungman, 1867 in Cherbonnier & Guille (1978). [details]

 Authority

Sometimes referred to Lütken in Agassiz (1872) (e.g. by Rowe & Gates 1995, p. 249) due to the fact that Agassiz ... [details]

 Depth range

0-109 m. [details]

 Depth range

0-12 m. [details]

 Depth range

2-32 m. [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, Philippines, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Onotoa Atoll (Clark, 1954); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Andaman Is. (Sastry, 1997); Arabian Sea (presumed to be from ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East indies, north Australia, Philippines, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in north Australia (Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995)). Ecology: benthic, inshore. ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in W India, Pakistan, Maldive area, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954), Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995), Lakshadweep (India) in Sastry ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Maldive Islands, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China, south ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Guam, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); SE Arabia, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Persian Gulf, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, norh Australia, Philippine, China ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Description

Also from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Description

Appearance in life: shaggy, orange-brown above, light red band of tube feet about half the width of sole running ... [details]

 Description

Arm length to 20 mm, disc diameter to 6 mm. Similar to Ophiochaeta hirsuta, but genus instantly recognisable by ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: background blue-green with deep blue markings, deep fawn with brown markings or pale fawn with ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: burgundy with irregular white flecking (Sloan et al., 1979 ). Also distributed in Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: dark grey-green dorsal surface with paler irregular patches on disc and pale bands on arms ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: deep purple above, much paler below (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in Saipan, New ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: pale flesh tone with large brick-red patches, especially proximally, arm tips black (Sloan et al., ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: red on pink or grey background, furrow spines white with pink tube feet juveniles mottled ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: the shiny skin uniform burgundy (Sloan et al., 1979). Also distributed in SE Arabia, Maldive area, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: tubercles yellow with orange tips, papular areas blue-grey with paulae green; remainder of aboral ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: variable, from harlequin deep purple, red orange and pink with orange yellow tips to arms, through ... [details]

 Description

Colour: Disc patterned with gray, yellow and white; arms with dark longitudinal lines. Description: disc diameter 25 ... [details]

 Description

Coulour in life: very variable with predominant colour ranging from black to fawn. This may pale progressively ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 40 mm, disc diameter to 8 mm. Disc scales bearing granules. Disc variable in colour from ... [details]

 Description

Description: arm length to 4 cm, disc diameter to 9 mm. Disc completely covered with granules, otherwise similar to ... [details]

 Description

Description: Arm length to 30 cm, disc diameter to 6 cm. Characteristic high tubercules on dorsal side of disc and ... [details]

 Description

Description: body rather narrower in its anterior half. Uniformly brown, but a clear ring is around the small ... [details]

 Description

Description: five arms; superomarginal plates paxilliform, not distinguishable from the abactinal plates; oral ... [details]

 Description

Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, western Indian Ocean (Mascarene Is.), west Pacific ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: Usually found concealed under rock or in narrow crevices (Thandar, 1990). Also distributed in SE Arabia, ... [details]

 Description

The genus is mainly tropical, but occurs southward to South Africa and the Australian seas, and northward to ... [details]

 Description

This species in known from the East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, South Pacific Is. and Hawaiian Is. (Clark ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Philippine Islands, S Japan, Caroline Islands (A.M. Clark, 1993 ); East Indies, Philippine, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Tuamotus, Guam, Seleo Island, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Seleo Island (Clark, 1954); east Indies, north australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Onotoa Atoll, Tuamotus, New Caledonia (Clark, 1954; Maldive area, East Indies, north Australia, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954); Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, China, south Japan ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Marshall Islands (Clark, 1954); East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in SE Arabia, East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in bay of Bengal, East Indies and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Ceylon, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South Pacific Is. ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, north Australia and Philippine (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands, Samoa (Clark, 1954); East Indies, Philippine, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore. General distribution: tropical, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Persian Gulf, W India, Pakistan and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, detritus ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in north Australia in Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, suspension feeder. General ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Indo-Pacific, East Indies (Pearson, 1910). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Salomon (Clark, 1911); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995); Maldive area, Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: benthic, ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995; East Indies and Philippines (Clark & Rowe (1971)). Ecology: ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995) and in New Guinea, Tonga Islands and Ceylon (Chadwick, 1908) . ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Maldive area, East Indies, Philippines, china and south Japan (Clark & Rowe (1971)); Australia ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, north Australia, Philippines, China and south Japan (Clark & Rowe (1971)); ... [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from Sandwich Is. (Selenka, 1867). [details]

 Distribution

Also recorded from the Iranian Gulf (Heding, 1940). [details]

 Distribution

Also reported from Philippines, south-east Australia (A.M. Clark, 1974); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Ecology: ... [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lord Howe I., Tasman Sea; Houtman Abrolhos, WA, to Tweed River, NSW, Australia; Depth range: ... [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, & NW of Port Hedland, WA, Australia; Depth range: 0-103 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lizard I. to Bushy I., QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-55 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lord Howe I., Tasman Sea; Murray Is. to Swain Reefs, QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-?130 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Houtman Abrolhos, WA, to Darwin, NT, Australia; Depth Range: 0-27 m  [details]

 Distribution

Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea; Lizard I. to Britomart Reef, QLD, Australia; Depth range: 0-40 m  [details]


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