Copepoda source details

NameSmith, S.L.. 1982. The northwestern Indian Ocean during the monsoons of 1979: distribution, abundance, and feeding of zooplankton. Deep Sea Research, Vol. 29. No. 11A 1331 - 1353.
AuthorsSmith, S.L.
Year1982
TitleThe northwestern Indian Ocean during the monsoons of: distribution, abundance, and feeding of zooplankton.
JournalDeep-Sea Research, Part A, Oceanographic Research Papers
Suffix29(11):1331-1353.
Type Publication
NoteHas also Diatom species, not yet entered.
The World Of Copepods (T. Chad Walter)
AbstractUpwelling induced by the separation of the Somali Current from the coast of East Africa is associated with low surface temperature, high concentrations of nitrate, and blooms of phytoplankton. Coefficients of concordance, based upon 17 taxa of zooplankton collected at 33 stations in the southwest monsoon and 15 stations in the northeast monsoon were consistently larger for the southwest monsoon and indicative of a general response of the zooplankton in the north western Indian Ocean. The largest coefficients of concordance in the southwest monsoon were among adult females of Paracalanus denudatus, Paracalanus parvus and Paracalanus aculeatus and of Calanoides carinatus and Eucalanus spp. Coefficients of concordance among copepodids of six taxa had a trend similar to adult females in the southwest monsoon. During the southwest monsoon, total biomass of zooplankton was significantly greater within areas of upwelling than outside, adult females and copepodids of C. carinatus and Eucalanus spp. were significantly more abundant within the upwelling regions, along with adult females of Clausocalanus furcatus and Clausocalanus minor. The upwelling regions, which are associated with a reproductively active population of the large-bodied C. carinatus, are the primary features affecting distributions of zooplankton during the southwest monsoon and the main difference between monsoons. The ontogenetic migration of C. carinatus is essentially an annual life-history strategy and therefore on the same temporal scale as the reversals in the monsoonal winds and associated upwelling. The ability of C. carinatus to ingest readily the diatoms that dominate the upwelling regions and to store lipid is crucial to its dominance of the areas of upwelling both in numbers and biomass.
Taxa
(6)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalanoides carinatus (Krøyer, 1849) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClausocalanus parapergens Frost & Fleminger, 1968 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEucalanus crassus Giesbrecht, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubeucalanus crassus (Giesbrecht, 1888) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacalanus denudatus Sewell, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParacalanus parvus (Claus, 1863) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhincalanus nasutus Giesbrecht, 1888 (additional source)
Distributions
(13)
Somalia for Acartia negligens Dana, 1849
Somalia for Clausocalanus arcuicornis (Dana, 1849)
Somalia for Clausocalanus farrani Sewell, 1929
Somalia for Clausocalanus furcatus (Brady, 1883)
Somalia for Clausocalanus minor Sewell, 1929
Somalia for Clausocalanus parapergens Frost & Fleminger, 1968
Somalia for Eucalanus Dana, 1852
Somalia for Eucalanus crassus Giesbrecht, 1888
Somalia for Paracalanus aculeatus Giesbrecht, 1888
Somalia for Paracalanus denudatus Sewell, 1929
Somalia for Paracalanus parvus (Claus, 1863)
Somalia for Rhincalanus nasutus Giesbrecht, 1888
Somalia for Undinula vulgaris (Dana, 1849)
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