Cetacea taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) 
AphiaID: 137115

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonodontidae > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus Lacépède, 1804
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBalaena albicans Muller, 1776 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga angustata Cope, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga borealis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga canadensis J. A. Allen, 1869 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga catodon Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga concreta Cope, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga declivis Cope, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga glacialis Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga kingii Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga rhinodon Cope, 1865 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon albicans Lacépède, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon candicans Lesson, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon sibbaldi Fleming, 1828 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalorhynchus hectori albus Kerr, 1792 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus beluga Lacepede, 1804 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus catodon Goode, 1884 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus dorofeevi Klumov & Barabash, 1935 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus freimani Klumov, 1935 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus kingi Ogilby, 1893 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus (Delphinapterus) kingii Gray, 1827 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus albians Nilsson, 1820 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus albicans Fabricius, 1780 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus canadensis Desmarest, 1822 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus leucas Pallas, 1776 (basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus leucaster Gray, 1821 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus phocaena albus Kerr, 1792 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorInia canadensis Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus albicans Kerr, 1792 (synonym)
Sources  original description Pallas, P.S. (1776). Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. Vol. 3 [Dritter Theil, Buch 1 & 2]. Kayserliche Academie der Wissenschaften, St. Petersburg. 760 p. + Register., available online at http://obs.uni-altai.ru/pallas3.pdf
page(s): 3(1):85 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbechurinka  [details]
Anus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpechuga  [details]
Chukot Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpuuliak  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorběluha mořská  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvidhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvidfisk  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorwitvisChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorwitte dolfijnChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbeloega  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorwhite whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorwhite fishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorwhale porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsea canaryUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbulugaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbeluga  [details]
Even Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorzatcha  [details]
French Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormoine de merChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsouin blancChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordelphinaptère blancChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordauphin blancChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbélougaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleine blanche  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeisswalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorWeissfisch  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormjaldurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhuitingar  [details]
Inuktitut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorqilalgaq  [details]
Inupiaq Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsituaq (Bering Strait)Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsisuaq (Northern Alaska)  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbelugaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbalena bianca  [details]
Japanese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorshiro iruka  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorqaqortoqChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkulelulak  [details]
Khanty Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvising-totlengChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorvisingkh-potlaengkh  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhin-gorae  [details]
Koryak Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoriinaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgik  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbaltasis delfinas  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜπελούγκα  [details]
Nenets Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorfiborska  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvithvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvitfiskChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvidfisk  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhvithval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkvitkval  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbiałucha  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorбелухаChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormorkskaia belukhaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbelukha  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbeluga  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbelugaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena blanca  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvitvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvitfiskChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhvitagtik delphinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhrafu-reydur  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbeyaz balinaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbeluga balinasıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbelugaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorak balina  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorБілухаUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorбілуга  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil gwyn  [details]
Yupik languages Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpulzaqChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkeelalugaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcetuaq  [details]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas freimani Tomilin, 1962 (nomen dubium)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas leucas (Pallas, 1776) (nomen dubium)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinapterus leucas marisalbi Ostroumov, 1935 (nomen dubium)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
Arctic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorArctic Ocean [details]
Baltic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPolish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeluga whale coronavirus SW1 (parasite)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (8 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (359 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (385 nucleotides; 242 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None preserved. Name based on freshly harpooned animals. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Near Threatened (NT) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category subpopulation Cook Inlet beluga whale : Critically Endangered (CR) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Belugas have been hunted for centuries for a variety of products. Beluga meat has been used to feed humans and domestic animals, the blubber used in making soap, lubricants, and margarine, and the fat of the head as a high quality lubricant. The skin has been tanned to make boots and laces. Current use is for aboriginal subsistence. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: Belugas are white-colored whales with a fusiform body shape and a large melon on the head. This melon is thought by some to focus echolocation tones, although this is in question. The melon can also be used as an indicator of health (poorly nourished belugas have low flat melons while well fed individuals have round melons) and of emotional state--agressive individuals raise their melons forward. There are no dorsal fins. Thirty-eight teeth are present. Males are larger than females. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Calving occurs between April and September. Gestation is one year. Weaned in 1.5-2years. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Mouth of Ob River, northeastern Siberia, Russian Federation [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet large variety of fish, various crustaceans and other bottom living invertebrates [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 12-18' (3.7-5.5 m), female 10-13 1/2' (3-4.1 m), at birth 5'+ (1.5 m +); Weight: 500-1500 kg [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Subarctic area [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Europe and Northern Asia (excluding China); Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat inshore including estuaries and rivers in summer, sometimes offshore [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat mostly coastal, also in estuaries and rivers [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 44)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 63)
Van Beneden & Gerv...
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
Beluga whale stranding
Beluga whale stranding
Beluga whales swimming
Beluga whales swimming
Delphinapterus leucas
Delphinapterus leucas
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137115
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
2009-03-11 12:36:54Z  changed  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776). In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database at http://www.marinespecies.org/cetacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137115 on 2014-12-26