Ascidiacea banner
Introduction | Search | Browse | Checklist | Literature | Photogallery | Stats | Log in | To WoRMS
Quick search
 

Ascidiacea taxon details

Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)

103788  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:103788)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofAscidea manhattensis De Kay, 1843) De Kay. (1843). Zoology of New York, or the New York fauna, pt. 5, Mollusca. Albany. 271 pp. [details]   
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Gulf of Mexico  
Distribution Bay of Fundy to Gulf of Mexico [details]

Distribution circum-global  
Distribution circum-global [details]

Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004).  
Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira Da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2018). Ascidiacea World Database. Molgula manhattensis (De Kay, 1843). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/ascidiacea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103788 on 2018-05-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-12-05 12:32:01Z
checked

original description  (ofMolgula lutkeniana Traustedt, 1893) Traustedt, M. P. A. (1883). Vestindiske Ascidiae Simplices, Anden Afdeling. Molgulidae og Cynthiadae. Vid. Meddel. Nat. For. Kjobenhavn, ann.1882. 108-136. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofAscidea manhattensis De Kay, 1843) De Kay. (1843). Zoology of New York, or the New York fauna, pt. 5, Mollusca. Albany. 271 pp. [details]   

original description  (ofAscidia amphora Agassiz, 1850) Agassiz, L. (1850). On the embryology of Ascidia and the characteristis of new species from the shores of Massachusetts. Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 2: 157-159. [details]   

original description  (ofAscidia ampulloides Beneden, 1846) Beneden, P.J. van. (1846). Mémoire sur l'embryogénie, l'anatomie et la physiologie des Ascidies simples. Bull. Acad. R. Sci. Lett. B.-Arts Belg. 13(2): (1-11). (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofAscidia tubifera Örstedt, 1844) Örsted, A. S. (1844). De regionibus marinis. Elementa topographiae historiconaturalis freti Öresund. Havniae, Köpenhamn. 1-88. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula caepiformis Herdman & Sorby, 1882) Herdman, W. A.; Sorby, H.C. (1882). On the Ascidians collected during the cruise of the Yacht 'Glimpse' 188. J. Linn. Soc. Zool. London. 16: 527-536. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula dentifera Damas, 1904) Damas, D. (1904). Les Molgules de la cote belge. Arch. Biol. 11: 161-181. [details]   

original description  (ofMolgula sordida Stimpson, 1852) Stimpson, W. (1852). Several new ascidians from the coast of the United States. Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 4: 228-232. [details]   

basis of record Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidiacea & Sorberacea. In: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 352-355. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Polk, P. (1976). Inventarisatie plankton: fauna en flora [Plankton inventory : fauna and flora]. In: Nihoul, J.C.J.; De Coninck, L. (Ed.) (1976). Project Sea final report: 7. Inventory of fauna and flora. pp. 233-311. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Miner, R. W. 1950. Field book of seashore life. G.P. Putnam & Sons. New York. 888 p. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Kott, P. (1985). The Australian Ascidiacea part 1, Phlebobranchia and Stolidobranchia. Mem Qd Mus. 23: 1-440., available online at http://biostor.org/reference/109626 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Cole, L. and G. Lambert. 2009. Tunicata (Urochordata) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1209–1216 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1978). A field guide to the Atlantic seashore. Boston : Houghton Mifflin. 329p. [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Lutaenko, K.A.; Furota, T.; Nakayama; S.; Shin, K.; Xu, J. (2013). Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Beijing: NOWPAP DINRAC (Northwest Pacific Action Plan, Data and Information Network Regional Center). 189 pp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

basis of record  (ofAscidia tubifera Örstedt, 1844) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofGymnocystis ampulloides (Beneden, 1846)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofGymnocystis manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMolgula ampulloides (Beneden, 1846)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofAscidia manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira ampulloides (Beneden, 1846)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira manhattensis (De Kay, 1843)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofCaesira sordida (Stimpson, 1852)) Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) (2010). Bedreiging voor biodiversiteit. Indicatoren voor het Schelde-estuarium. Opgemaakt in opdracht van Afdeling Maritieme Toegang, projectgroep EcoWaMorSe, Vlaams Nederlandse Scheldecommissie. VLIZ Information Sheets, 200. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. 7 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Genetic nomenclature abbreviation Momanh [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States part of the North Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact in Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Water abstraction or nuisance fouling [details]

Introduced species remark In Sea of Japan (IHO Sea Area) : Molgula manhattensis comprised 42% of the macrofouling on one wharf with highly polluted water, in Golden Horn Bay, Vladivostok, Russia, but was a minor component at two other sites (Koryakova et al. 2002). [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Dutch part of the North Sea : Shipping [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Black Sea (IHO Sea Area) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Argentina (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Norwegian part of the North Sea (Marine Region) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Japan (Nation) : It is a common fouling species and was likely transported on ship hulls or through Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) aquaculture. [details]

From other sources
Alien species The sea grape, Molgula manhattensis, has been present for a long time in Europe, along the east coast of America, and around Australia. Some authors are convinced that the specimens found in America or Europe are different species altogether and therefore in Europe the sea grape can not be considered an exotic species. In Belgium this sea grape was first observed and reported in the middle of the 19th century in the harbour of Ostend. Later the species also established itself in the harbours of Zeebrugge and Blankenberge. The species could have arrived in Belgium via attachment to ship's hulls. [details]

Diet plankton feeder [details]

Dimensions 34 mm in size [details]

Distribution Bay of Fundy to Gulf of Mexico [details]

Distribution circum-global [details]

Habitat infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Reproduction hermaphroditic; eggs shed and fertilized in the water [details]

Taxonomy Order: Pleurogona Suborder: Stolidobranchiata, according to Trott (2004). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish lådden søpung  [details]
Dutch zeedruifronde zakpijp  [details]
English sea squirtssea grapemolgula  [details]
French molgule de Manhattanmolgule  [details]
German Meertraubeblaugrüne Ascidie  [details]
Japanese マンハッタンボヤ  [details]
Swedish luddsjöpung  [details]

Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2018-05-21 GMT · contact: Noa Shenkar