WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchitosia queenslandensis (Livingstone, 1932)

378016

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:378016

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932 (original name for Anchitosia queenslandensis)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Pentagonaster clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae. Invertebrate Systematics. 21: 311-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932) Livingstone, A.A. (1932). Asteroidea. British Museum (Natural History) Scientific Reports / Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29. 4(8): 241-265., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49516829#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 243 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Body form weakly stellate, overall size,...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Body form weakly stellate, overall size, relatively small, armtips rounded.

Abactinal plates flattened to convex (especially in carinal series), round to polygonal in outline. Primary circlet plates enlarged, distinctive. Papular pores single or double, present radially, absent interradially. Peripheral granules polygonal to quadrate, discrete from plate (not flush). Madreporite triangular.

Fasciolar grooves present, shallow. Marginal plates bare, smooth, mildly convex granules absent, Marginal plates wider than long, symmetrically round in cross-section. Superomarginal to inferomarginals correspond roughly 1:1. Penultimate superomarginal plates neither swollen nor elongate and not abutting over mid radius. Fascioles between marginal plates present, relatively well-developed. Superomarginals and inferomarginals 9-12 per interradius (from terminal to terminal), bare, smooth, some specimens with minor surface rugosities. Distalmost superomarginals, more swollen than those interradially, symmetrically round in cross-section. Peripheral accessory granules discrete, (not flush with plate) polygonal to quadrate, rectangular. Terminal plate enlarged, at 1x-2x the size of adjacent superomarginal plates.

Actinal plates, relatively large, angular to polygonal, smooth, bare surface, granules absent. Peripheral granules for actinal plates polygonal to quadrate in shape, Furrow spines 2-5 compressed, but thickened, subambulacrals granular, thickened (similar in thickness to furrow spines). Pedicellariae, when present, in pits, with tong-like valves. Adambulacral plates with straight, outward-facing surface. Adambulacral “divider” oriented vertically, directed proximally.

Color in life is deep-red to orange with yellow highlights between plates.
 [details]
Mah, C. (2008). Anchitosia queenslandensis (Livingstone, 1932). In: Mah, C.L. (2017). World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=378016 on 2017-11-17

Date
action
by
2008-12-16 03:48:43Z
created

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original description Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Pentagonaster clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae. Invertebrate Systematics. 21: 311-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932) Livingstone, A.A. (1932). Asteroidea. British Museum (Natural History) Scientific Reports / Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29. 4(8): 241-265., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49516829#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 243 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932) Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Pentagonaster clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae. Invertebrate Systematics. 21: 311-339., available online at https://doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Body form weakly stellate, overall size, relatively small, armtips rounded.

Abactinal plates flattened to convex (especially in carinal series), round to polygonal in outline. Primary circlet plates enlarged, distinctive. Papular pores single or double, present radially, absent interradially. Peripheral granules polygonal to quadrate, discrete from plate (not flush). Madreporite triangular.

Fasciolar grooves present, shallow. Marginal plates bare, smooth, mildly convex granules absent, Marginal plates wider than long, symmetrically round in cross-section. Superomarginal to inferomarginals correspond roughly 1:1. Penultimate superomarginal plates neither swollen nor elongate and not abutting over mid radius. Fascioles between marginal plates present, relatively well-developed. Superomarginals and inferomarginals 9-12 per interradius (from terminal to terminal), bare, smooth, some specimens with minor surface rugosities. Distalmost superomarginals, more swollen than those interradially, symmetrically round in cross-section. Peripheral accessory granules discrete, (not flush with plate) polygonal to quadrate, rectangular. Terminal plate enlarged, at 1x-2x the size of adjacent superomarginal plates.

Actinal plates, relatively large, angular to polygonal, smooth, bare surface, granules absent. Peripheral granules for actinal plates polygonal to quadrate in shape, Furrow spines 2-5 compressed, but thickened, subambulacrals granular, thickened (similar in thickness to furrow spines). Pedicellariae, when present, in pits, with tong-like valves. Adambulacral plates with straight, outward-facing surface. Adambulacral “divider” oriented vertically, directed proximally.

Color in life is deep-red to orange with yellow highlights between plates.
 [details]