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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchitosia queenslandensis (Livingstone, 1932) 
AphiaID: 378016

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinodermata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterozoa (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteroidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorValvatacea (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorValvatida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniasteridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentagonasterinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchitosia (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchitosia Mah, 2007
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTosia queenslandensis Livingstone, 1932 (original name for Anchitosia queenslandensis)
Source  original description Mah, C. (2007). Systematics, phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Pentagonaster clade (Asteroidea: Valvatida: Goniasteridae). Invertebrate Systematics 21: 311-339., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS06049 [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNew Caledonia [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (3 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Echinodermata Collection 
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Body form weakly stellate, overall size, relatively small, armtips rounded.

Abactinal plates flattened to convex (especially in carinal series), round to polygonal in outline. Primary circlet plates enlarged, distinctive. Papular pores single or double, present radially, absent interradially. Peripheral granules polygonal to quadrate, discrete from plate (not flush). Madreporite triangular.

Fasciolar grooves present, shallow. Marginal plates bare, smooth, mildly convex granules absent, Marginal plates wider than long, symmetrically round in cross-section. Superomarginal to inferomarginals correspond roughly 1:1. Penultimate superomarginal plates neither swollen nor elongate and not abutting over mid radius. Fascioles between marginal plates present, relatively well-developed. Superomarginals and inferomarginals 9-12 per interradius (from terminal to terminal), bare, smooth, some specimens with minor surface rugosities. Distalmost superomarginals, more swollen than those interradially, symmetrically round in cross-section. Peripheral accessory granules discrete, (not flush with plate) polygonal to quadrate, rectangular. Terminal plate enlarged, at 1x-2x the size of adjacent superomarginal plates.

Actinal plates, relatively large, angular to polygonal, smooth, bare surface, granules absent. Peripheral granules for actinal plates polygonal to quadrate in shape, Furrow spines 2-5 compressed, but thickened, subambulacrals granular, thickened (similar in thickness to furrow spines). Pedicellariae, when present, in pits, with tong-like valves. Adambulacral plates with straight, outward-facing surface. Adambulacral “divider” oriented vertically, directed proximally.

Color in life is deep-red to orange with yellow highlights between plates.
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:378016
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-12-16 03:48:43Z  created  Mah, Christopher
  
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  Citation: Mah, C. (2014). Anchitosia queenslandensis (Livingstone, 1932). In: Mah, C.L. (2014) World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=378016 on 2014-10-25
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License