WoRMS taxon details

Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)

140301  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140301)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofCardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are...  
Description A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Distribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian...  
Distribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Spisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140301 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-04-13 07:37:35Z
changed
2008-08-21 17:03:20Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofCyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839) Bivona And. 1839. Descrizione di due nuove specie di conchiglie fossili de dintorni di Palermo. Effemeridi scientifiche e letterarie per la Sicilia 24: 21-23, available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=DJswAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA3-PA39 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome 5. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra castanea Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome 5. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra striata Nyst, 1845) Nyst P.H.J. (1845). Description des coquilles et des polypiers fossiles des terrains tertiaires de la Belgique. Mémoires Couronnés et Mémoires des Savants Etrangers, publiés par l'Académie Royale des Sciences et Belles-Lettres de Bruxelles. 17: 1-697, 15 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/20575#page/11/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMactra truncata Montagu, 1808) Montagu, G. (1808). Supplement to Testacea Britannica with Additional Plates. Woolmer, Exeter. v + 183 pp., pl. 17-30., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24430722 [details]   

original description  (ofTrigonella gallina da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 199-200; pl. 14 fig. 6 [details]   

original description  (ofCardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofCardium triste Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofTrigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 197-198; pl. 15 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys, J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 417 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofCyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofSpisula (Spisula) ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)) Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofMactra striata Nyst, 1845) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra castanea Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra gallina Spengler, 1802) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra ovalis J. Sowerby, 1817) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofSpisula ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)) Chambers, P.. (2009). British Seashells: A Guide for Conchologists & Beachcombers. Pen & Sword Books. 233 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofTrigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra sachalinensis var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofCardium triste Linnaeus, 1758) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra solida (Linnaeus, 1758)) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTrigonella gallina da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMactra truncata Montagu, 1808) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Schelde) Vanosmael, C. (1977). Studie van het macrobenthos ter hoogte van de monding van de Westerschelde en de Belgische kust. MSc Thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Faculteit der Wetenschappen: Gent. 70 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Description A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Distribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]

Habitat Spisula solida mainly prefers coarse-grained sediments: the higher the median grain size, the higher the relative occurrence (up to 20%). The species furthermore also tends to prefer the presence of a low mud content (0-20%). The species does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 20%.The high relative occurrence (20%) in sediments with a median grain size of 50-100 μm is considered unreliable (outlier). [details]

Validity Valid as Spisula (Spisula) solida (Linnaeus, 1758) [details]
 

LanguageName 
Basque txirla zuria  [details]
Catalan ou blanccloïssa blanca  [details]
Danish tykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch stevige strandschelp  [details]
English thick trough shellsurf clamsolid surf clambar clam  [details]
Finnish vinohammassimpukka  [details]
French spisule solidespisule épaissemactre solide  [details]
Galician cornichaameixa branca  [details]
German feste Trogmuscheldickschalige Trogmuschel  [details]
Portuguese amêijoa branca  [details]
Spanish clicaalmeja blanca  [details]