WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula solida (Linnaeus, 1758)

140301

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140301

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]
Gofas, S. (2008). Spisula solida. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140301 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-04-13 07:37:35Z
changed
2008-08-21 17:03:20Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839) Bivona And. 1839. Descrizione di due nuove specie di conchiglie fossili de dintorni di Palermo. Effemeridi scientifiche e letterarie per la Sicilia 24: 21-23, available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=DJswAAAAYAAJ&pg=RA3-PA39 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra castanea Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata Nyst, 1845) Nyst P.H.J. (1845). Description des coquilles et des polypiers fossiles des terrains tertiaires de la Belgique. M. Hayes, Bruxelles 1-697 pl. 1-15. [Sebbene il frontespizio rechi la data del 1843 il volume fu pubblicato nel 1845]:  [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra truncata Montagu, 1808) Montagu, G. (1808). Supplement to Testacea Britannica with Additional Plates. Woolmer, Exeter. v + 183 pp., pl. 17-30., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24430722 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella gallina da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 199-200; pl. 14 fig. 6 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium solidum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium triste Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 197-198; pl. 15 fig. 1 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 417 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Ardovini, R.; Cossignani, T. (2004). West African seashells (including Azores, Madeira and Canary Is.) = Conchiglie dell'Africa Occidentale (incluse Azzorre, Madeira e Canarie). English-Italian edition. L'Informatore Piceno: Ancona, Italy. ISBN 88-86070-11-X. 319 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyrena panormitana Bivona, 1839) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula (Spisula) ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)) Howson, C. M.; Picton, B. E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra striata Nyst, 1845) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra castanea Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra crassatella Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra gallina Spengler, 1802) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra ovalis J. Sowerby, 1817) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpisula ovalis (J. Sowerby, 1817)) Chambers, P.. (2009). British Seashells: A Guide for Conchologists & Beachcombers. Pen & Sword Books. 233 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella zonaria da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra sachalinensis var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium triste Linnaeus, 1758) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra solida (Linnaeus, 1758)) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra solida var. conjunctiva Jeffreys, 1864) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella gallina da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra truncata Montagu, 1808) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Schelde) Vanosmael, C. (1977). Studie van het macrobenthos ter hoogte van de monding van de Westerschelde en de Belgische kust. MSc Thesis. Rijksuniversiteit Gent, Faculteit der Wetenschappen: Gent. 70 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription A thick oval shell, mostly coloured dirty white and measuring up to 50 mm long. Concentric lines at
the front and back are reasonably coarse, growth lines are clear. A shallow burrowing suspension
feeder. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution With observations in the coastal zone up to in the open sea the distribution of Spisula solida covers the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. The species is mainly found on the tops of the sandbanks. During the 1976-1986 period S. solida was found in a relatively high number of locations. In the 1994-2001 period, however, the distribution frequency decreased considerably. In both periods S. solida reached a maximum density of 40 ind./m2. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Spisula solida mainly prefers coarse-grained sediments: the higher the median grain size, the higher the relative occurrence (up to 20%). The species furthermore also tends to prefer the presence of a low mud content (0-20%). The species does not occur in sediments with a mud content exceeding 20%.The high relative occurrence (20%) in sediments with a median grain size of 50-100 μm is considered unreliable (outlier). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorValidity Valid as Spisula (Spisula) solida (Linnaeus, 1758) [details]
 

Feeding Type
suspension feeder [details]
Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Basque Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortxirla zuria  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorou blancUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcloïssa blanca  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstevige strandschelp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorthick trough shellUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsurf clamUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsolid surf clamUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbar clam  [details]
Finnish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvinohammassimpukka  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspisule solideChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorspisule épaisseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormactre solide  [details]
Galician Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcornichaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorameixa branca  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfeste TrogmuschelUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordickschalige Trogmuschel  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoramêijoa branca  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorclicaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmeja blanca  [details]