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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar Römer, 1857 
AphiaID: 138644

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneridae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus tumens Gmelin, 1791 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneridae Rafinesque, 1815
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaryatis Römer, 1862 (Invalid: junior homonym of Caryatis Hübner, 1819 [Lepdoptera])
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeretrix (Pitar) Römer, 1857
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Nanopitar) Rehder, 1943
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) Römer, 1857
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) Jukes-Browne, 1913
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Prorapitar) Huber, 2010
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitaria Dall, 1902 (unjustified emendation of Pitar)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitarina Jukes-Browne, 1913 (synonym)
Sources  original description Römer E. 1857. Kritische Untersuchung der Arten des Mollusken-Geschlechts Venus bei Linné und Gmelin, mit Berücksichtigung der später beschriebenen Arten. Marburg [published by the author as doctoral thesis], xiii + 135 p. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44076
page(s): 15 [details]

redescription Coan E.V. & Valentich-Scott P. (2012) Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. Santa Barbara: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. [details]

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Direct child
taxa (139)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar affinis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar alabastrum (Reeve, 1863)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar albidus (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar albinus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar arestus (Dall & Simpson, 1901)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar belcheri (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar bermudezi Macsotay & Campos, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar berryi Keen, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar bucculentus (Römer, 1867)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar citrinus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar coxeni (E. A. Smith, 1884)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar curnowae Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar dohrni (Römer, 1867)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar elatus G. B. Sowerby III, 1908
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar erubescens (Dunker, 1853)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar fluctuatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar fulminatus (Menke, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar helenae Olsson, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar inconspicuus (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar indecorus (Philippi, 1848)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar inflatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar lineolatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1854)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar mediterraneus (Aradas & Benoit, 1872)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar morrhuanus (Dall, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar mundus (Römer, 1861)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar newcombianus (Gabb, 1865)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar obliquatus (Hanley, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar omissa (Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar osmunda (Iredale, 1936)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pallescens (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar palmeri Fischer-Piette & Testud, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar perfragilis Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar phoenicopterus (Römer, 1867)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pilula Rehder, 1943
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar prora (Conrad, 1837)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pudica (Menke, 1850)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pura (Deshayes, 1853)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar queenslandicus Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar regularis (E. A. Smith, 1885)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar rostratus (Philippi, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar rudis (Poli, 1795)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar rufescens (Deshayes, 1853)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar simpsoni (Dall, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar soligena (Römer, 1867)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sophiae (Angas, 1877)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar striatus (Gray, 1838)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar subarestus Dall, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar subpellucidus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sulfureus Pilsbry, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar tahitensis (Philippi, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar thornleyae Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar trevori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar tumens (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar virgo (Gray, 1838)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar zonatus (Dall, 1902)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Nanopitar) Rehder, 1943 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar Römer, 1857 (alternate representation)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) Römer, 1857 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar Römer, 1857 (alternate representation)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) berryi Keen, 1971 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar berryi Keen, 1971 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) helenae Olsson, 1961 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar helenae Olsson, 1961 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) omissa (Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar omissa (Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitar) perfragilis Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar perfragilis Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932 (alternate representation)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Prorapitar) Huber, 2010 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar Römer, 1857 (alternate representation)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Costellipitar) Habe, 1951 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar Habe, 1951
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Costellipitar) knudseni Poutiers, 1981 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Costellipitar) madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Costellipitar) manillae (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Hyphantosoma) Dall, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma Dall, 1902
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Hyphantosoma) aletes (Hertlein & Strong, 1948) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma aletes (Hertlein & Strong, 1948) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Hyphantosoma) pollicaris (Carpenter, 1864) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma pollicaris (Carpenter, 1864) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Hyphantosoma) nancyae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Hyphantosoma) spoori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma spoori (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) Jukes-Browne, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar Römer, 1857
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) citrinus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar citrinus (Lamarck, 1818) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) nancyae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990) (alternate representation, basionym)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) prora (Conrad, 1837) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar prora (Conrad, 1837) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar (Pitarina) rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 (alternate representation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar aletes Hertlein & Strong, 1948 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma aletes (Hertlein & Strong, 1948)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar ambigua (Deshayes, 1853) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumarcia paupercula (Holten, 1802)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar caperi Lamprell & Healy, 1997 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma caperi (Lamprell & Healy, 1997)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar circinatus (Born, 1778) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamelliconcha circinata (Born, 1778)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar cordatus Schwengel, 1951 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitarenus cordatus (Schwengel, 1951)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar dione (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysteroconcha dione (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar elenensis Olsson, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar festoui Harte, 1993 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma festoui (Harte, 1993)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar floridella (Gray, 1838) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidocardia floridella (Gray, 1838)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar frizzelli Hertlein & Strong, 1948 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallpita frizzelli (Hertlein & Strong, 1948)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar healyi Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma healyi (Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraea (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hertleini Olsson, 1961 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma pollicaris (Carpenter, 1864)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hesperia S. S. Berry, 1960 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamelliconcha alternata (Broderip, 1835)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar hoffstetteri Fischer-Piette, 1969 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar japonica Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar japonicus Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar knudseni Poutiers, 1981 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar kurodai Matsubara, 2007 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar lahillei Ihering, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar lenis Pilsbry & Lowe, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgriopoma catharium (Dall, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar levis Zorina, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora hungerfordi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1888)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar limatulum G.B. Sowerby II, 1851 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma limatulum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar lupanaria (Lesson, 1831) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHysteroconcha lupanaria (Lesson, 1831)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar mediterranea (Tiberi, 1855) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar mediterraneus (Aradas & Benoit, 1872)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar mexicanus Hertlein & Strong, 1948 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgriopoma catharium (Dall, 1902)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar nancyae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar nipponica Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora nipponica (Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar noguchii Habe, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora noguchii (Habe, 1958)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar obliquata Oliver & al., 2004 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar affinis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar ortmanni Ihering, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar peliferus Cosel, 1995 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar peliferus (Cosel, 1995)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pilulus Rehder, 1943 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar pilula Rehder, 1943
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar roseoprodissoconchus Drivas & Jay, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar salanga Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamelliconcha concinna (G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sewelli Knudsen, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora sewelli (Knudsen, 1967)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar spoori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyphantosoma spoori (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sulcata Zorina, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora sulcata (Zorina, 1978)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sulfurea Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar sulfureus Pilsbry, 1904
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar tellinoidea (Sowerby, 1851) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar cor (Hanley, 1844)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar tumidus (Sowerby, 1895) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCostellipitar tumidus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1895)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar variegatum Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar inflatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPitar yerburyi (Smith, 1891) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAphrodora yerburyi (E. A. Smith, 1891)
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Grammatical gender should be masculine in application of Art. 30.2 of ICZN; Römer did not make any specification on grammatical gender except for a statement that he had taken the name from Adanson's (1757) "le Pitar", which is masculine; otherwise if gender of an arbitrary combination of letters is not specified it should anyway be treated as masculine. Nevertheless there is an extensive usage for the name in feminine gender, Poirier (1954, "An up-to-date systematic list of 3200 seashells from Greenland to Texas: translation, explanation, and gender of their names") wrote "Every conchologist, however, considers Pitar as feminine, and I would not change the gender of this arbitrarily formed word."
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138644
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
2006-03-13 11:49:50Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z  changed  Gofas, Serge
2012-04-18 19:31:56Z  changed  Bouchet, Philippe
  
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  Citation: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2014). Pitar Römer, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138644 on 2014-09-19
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License