WoRMS taxon details

Pitar Römer, 1857

138644  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138644)

accepted
Genus
Caryatis Römer, 1862 (junior homonym of Caryatis Hübner, 1819 [Lepidoptera])
Pitar (Nanopitar) Rehder, 1943· accepted, alternate representation
Pitar (Pitar) Römer, 1857· accepted, alternate representation
Pitar (Prorapitar) M. Huber, 2010· accepted, alternate representation
Pitaria Dall, 1902 (unjustified emendation of Pitar)
Species Pitar affinis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Pitar alabastrum (Reeve, 1863)
Species Pitar albidus (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Pitar albinus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar arestus (Dall & Simpson, 1901)
Species Pitar bermudezi Macsotay & Campos, 2001
Species Pitar berryi Keen, 1971
Species Pitar bucculentus (Römer, 1867)
Species Pitar citrinus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Pitar coxeni (E. A. Smith, 1884)
Species Pitar curnowae Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Pitar dohrni (Römer, 1867)
Species Pitar elatus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1908)
Species Pitar erubescens (Dunker, 1853)
Species Pitar fluctuatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar fulminatus (Menke, 1828)
Species Pitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar helenae Olsson, 1961
Species Pitar inconspicuus (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Pitar indecorus (Philippi, 1848)
Species Pitar inflatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Pitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pitar lineolatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1854)
Species Pitar medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Pitar mediterraneus (Aradas & Benoit, 1872)
Species Pitar morrhuanus (Dall, 1902)
Species Pitar mundus (Römer, 1860)
Species Pitar newcombianus (Gabb, 1865)
Species Pitar ngocthieni Thach, 2016
Species Pitar nicklesi Cosel & Gofas, 2018
Species Pitar obliquatus (Hanley, 1844)
Species Pitar omissa (Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932)
Species Pitar osmunda (Iredale, 1936)
Species Pitar pallescens (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Pitar palmeri Fischer-Piette & Testud, 1967
Species Pitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Pitar pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar perfragilis Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932
Species Pitar phoenicopterus (Römer, 1867)
Species Pitar pilula Rehder, 1943
Species Pitar potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992
Species Pitar prora (Conrad, 1837)
Species Pitar pudica (Menke, 1850)
Species Pitar pura (Deshayes, 1853)
Species Pitar queenslandicus Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Pitar rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
Species Pitar rostratus (Philippi, 1844)
Species Pitar rudis (Poli, 1795)
Species Pitar rufescens (Deshayes, 1854)
Species Pitar simpsoni (Dall, 1895)
Species Pitar soligena (Römer, 1867)
Species Pitar sophiae (Angas, 1877)
Species Pitar striatus (Gray, 1838)
Species Pitar subarestus Dall, 1912
Species Pitar subpellucidus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar sulfureus Pilsbry, 1904
Species Pitar tahitensis (Philippi, 1851)
Species Pitar thornleyae Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Pitar trevori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990
Species Pitar tumens (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Pitar virgo (Gray, 1838)

Subgenus Pitar (Costellipitar) Habe, 1951 represented as Costellipitar Habe, 1951
Subgenus Pitar (Nanopitar) Rehder, 1943 represented as Pitar Römer, 1857
Subgenus Pitar (Pitar) Römer, 1857 represented as Pitar Römer, 1857
Subgenus Pitar (Prorapitar) M. Huber, 2010 represented as Pitar Römer, 1857

Subgenus Pitar (Hyphantosoma) Dall, 1902 accepted as Hyphantosoma Dall, 1902
Subgenus Pitar (Pitarina) Jukes-Browne, 1913 accepted as Pitar Römer, 1857
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) represented as Pitar abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) accepted as Pitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) citrinus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Pitar citrinus (Lamarck, 1818)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818) represented as Pitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Pitar kathiewayae Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 represented as Pitar marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 accepted as Pitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Pitar medipictus Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) nancyae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 represented as Hyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990) (basionym)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992 represented as Pitar potteri Healy & Lamprell, 1992 (basionym)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) prora (Conrad, 1837) represented as Pitar prora (Conrad, 1837)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 represented as Pitar rectodorsalis Lamprell & Kilburn, 1999 (basionym)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) pellucidum [sic] accepted as Pitar (Pitarina) pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Pitar pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818) (incorrect gender ending)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Pitar pellucidus (Lamarck, 1818)
  » Species Pitar (Pitarina) queenslandica Lamprell & Healy, 1997 accepted as Pitar queenslandicus Lamprell & Healy, 1997
Species Pitar abbreviatus (Krauss, 1848) accepted as Pitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar aletes Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1948 accepted as Hyphantosoma aletes (Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1948)
Species Pitar ambigua (Deshayes, 1853) accepted as Eumarcia paupercula (Holten, 1802)
Species Pitar belcheri (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851) accepted as Costellipitar belcheri (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar caperi Lamprell & Healy, 1997 accepted as Hyphantosoma caperi (Lamprell & Healy, 1997)
Species Pitar circinatus (Born, 1778) accepted as Lamelliconcha circinata (Born, 1778)
Species Pitar citrina [sic] accepted as Pitar citrinus (Lamarck, 1818) (incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar cordatus Schwengel, 1951 accepted as Pitarenus cordatus (Schwengel, 1951)
Species Pitar crocea [sic] accepted as Pitar croceus (Deshayes, 1853) accepted as Aphrodora crocea (Deshayes, 1854) (incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar croceus (Deshayes, 1853) accepted as Aphrodora crocea (Deshayes, 1854)
Species Pitar dione (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Hysteroconcha dione (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pitar elenensis Olsson, 1961 accepted as Pitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Pitar festoui Harte, 1993 accepted as Hyphantosoma festoui (Harte, 1993)
Species Pitar floridella (Gray, 1838) accepted as Lepidocardia floridella (Gray, 1838)
Species Pitar frizzelli Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1948 accepted as Callpita frizzelli (Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1948) (original combination)
Species Pitar healyi Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996 accepted as Hyphantosoma healyi (Lamprell & Stanisic, 1996)
Species Pitar hebraea (Lamarck, 1818) accepted as Pitar hebraeus (Lamarck, 1818)
Species Pitar hertleini Olsson, 1961 accepted as Hyphantosoma pollicaris (Carpenter, 1864)
Species Pitar hesperia S. S. Berry, 1960 accepted as Lamelliconcha alternata (Broderip, 1835)
Species Pitar hoffstetteri Fischer-Piette, 1969 accepted as Pitar consanguineus (C. B. Adams, 1852)
Species Pitar inconstans (Hedley, 1923) accepted as Costellipitar inconstans (Hedley, 1923)
Species Pitar inflata [sic] accepted as Pitar inflatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851) (incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar intricata [sic] accepted as Pitar intricatus (Dautzenberg, 1907) accepted as Hyphantosoma intricatum (Dautzenberg, 1907) (incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar intricatus (Dautzenberg, 1907) accepted as Hyphantosoma intricatum (Dautzenberg, 1907)
Species Pitar japonica Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Aphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007) (Invalid: junior homonym of Pitar japonica Ando, 1953; Pitar kurodai is a replacement name)
Species Pitar japonica Ando, 1953 † accepted as Pitar japonicus Ando, 1953 † accepted as Paphia japonica (Ando, 1953) † (incorrect original spelling)
Species Pitar japonicum Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Pitar japonicus Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Aphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007) (incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar japonicus Kuroda & Kawamoto in Kawamoto & Tanabe, 1956 accepted as Aphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007)
Species Pitar japonicus Ando, 1953 † accepted as Paphia japonica (Ando, 1953) †
Species Pitar knudseni Poutiers, 1981 accepted as Costellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar kurodai Matsubara, 2007 accepted as Aphrodora kurodai (Matsubara, 2007)
Species Pitar lahillei Ihering, 1907 accepted as Pitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Pitar lenis Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Agriopoma catharium (Dall, 1902)
Species Pitar levis Zorina, 1978 accepted as Aphrodora hungerfordi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1888)
Species Pitar limatulum G.B. Sowerby II, 1851 accepted as Hyphantosoma limatulum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar lupanaria (Lesson, 1831) accepted as Hysteroconcha lupanaria (Lesson, 1831)
Species Pitar madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967) accepted as Costellipitar madecassinus (Fischer-Piette & Delmas, 1967)
Species Pitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851) accepted as Costellipitar manillae (Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar marrowae Healy & Lamprell, 1992 accepted as Pitar laetus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pitar mediterranea (Tiberi, 1855) accepted as Pitar mediterraneus (Aradas & Benoit, 1872) (unpublished name)
Species Pitar mexicanus Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1948 accepted as Agriopoma catharium (Dall, 1902)
Species Pitar nancyae Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Hyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Pitar nipponica Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971 accepted as Aphrodora nipponica (Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971)
Species Pitar noguchii Habe, 1958 accepted as Aphrodora noguchii (Habe, 1958)
Species Pitar obliquata Oliver & al., 2004 accepted as Pitar affinis (Gmelin, 1791)
Species Pitar ortmanni Ihering, 1907 accepted as Pitar patagonicus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
Species Pitar peliferus Cosel, 1995 accepted as Costellipitar peliferus (Cosel, 1995)
Species Pitar pilulus Rehder, 1943 accepted as Pitar pilula Rehder, 1943 (misspelling)
Species Pitar queenslandica Lamprell & Healy, 1997 accepted as Pitar queenslandicus Lamprell & Healy, 1997 (incorrect original spelling)
Species Pitar regularis (E. A. Smith, 1885) accepted as Costellipitar regularis (E. A. Smith, 1885)
Species Pitar roseoprodissoconchus Drivas & Jay, 1990 accepted as Hyphantosoma nancyae (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Pitar salanga Pilsbry & Olsson, 1941 accepted as Lamelliconcha concinna (G. B. Sowerby I, 1835)
Species Pitar sewelli Knudsen, 1967 accepted as Aphrodora sewelli (Knudsen, 1967)
Species Pitar spoori Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990 accepted as Hyphantosoma spoori (Lamprell & Whitehead, 1990)
Species Pitar sulcata Zorina, 1978 accepted as Aphrodora sulcata (Zorina, 1978)
Species Pitar sulfurea Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Pitar sulfureus Pilsbry, 1904 (basionym; incorrect gender ending)
Species Pitar tellinoidea (Sowerby, 1851) accepted as Costellipitar cor (Hanley, 1844)
Species Pitar tumidus (Sowerby, 1895) accepted as Costellipitar tumidus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1895)
Species Pitar variegatum Kuroda & Habe in Kuroda & al., 1971 accepted as Pitar inflatus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1851)
Species Pitar yerburyi (Smith, 1891) accepted as Aphrodora yerburyi (E. A. Smith, 1891)
Species Pitar zonatus (Dall, 1902) accepted as Pitarenus zonatus (Dall, 1902)
marine
Römer E. (1857). Kritische Untersuchung der Arten des Mollusken-Geschlechts Venus bei Linné und Gmelin, mit Berücksichtigung der später beschriebenen Arten. Marburg. xiii + 135 p. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44076
page(s): 15 [details]   
MolluscaBase (2018). Pitar Römer, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138644 on 2018-09-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-03-13 11:49:50Z
changed
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z
changed
2012-04-18 19:31:56Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofPitaria Dall, 1902) Dall, W. H. (1902). Synopsis of the family Veneridae and of the North American recent species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 26: 335-412., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/7612547
page(s): 353-354; note: unjustified emendation [details]   

original description  (ofPitar (Nanopitar) Rehder, 1943) Rehder H.A. (1943). New marine mollusks from the Antillean Region. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 93(3161): 187-203, pls 19-20., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/31779#page/215/mode/1up
page(s): 188 [details]   

original description  (ofPitarina Jukes-Browne, 1913) Jukes-Browne, A. J. 1913. On Callista, Amiantis, and Pitaria. Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 10: 335-347.
page(s): 346 [details]   

original description  (ofCaryatis Römer, 1862) Römer E. (1862). Kritische Uebersicht der Arten ans der Cythereen-gruppe Caryatis Römer (Pitar olim). Malakozoologische Blätter. 9: 58-86., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15860659
page(s): 58; note: as "Sectio" of Venus (Cytherea[details]   

original description Römer E. (1857). Kritische Untersuchung der Arten des Mollusken-Geschlechts Venus bei Linné und Gmelin, mit Berücksichtigung der später beschriebenen Arten. Marburg. xiii + 135 p. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44076
page(s): 15 [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender should be masculine in application of Art. 30.2 of ICZN; Römer did not make any specification on grammatical gender except for a statement that he had taken the name from Adanson's (1757) "le Pitar", which is masculine; otherwise if gender of an arbitrary combination of letters is not specified it should anyway be treated as masculine. Nevertheless there is an extensive usage for the name in feminine gender, Poirier (1954, "An up-to-date systematic list of 3200 seashells from Greenland to Texas: translation, explanation, and gender of their names") wrote "Every conchologist, however, considers Pitar as feminine, and I would not change the gender of this arbitrarily formed word."
 [details]