WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas (Traill, 1809)

137097  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137097)

accepted
Species
marine
Traill, T. S. (1809). Description of a new species of whale, Delphinus melas. In a letter from Thomas Stewart Traill, M. D. to Mr. Nicholson. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts. February, 1809:81--83. [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific;...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]
Perrin, W. (2008). Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809). In: Perrin, W.F. (2017). World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137097 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Traill, T. S. (1809). Description of a new species of whale, Delphinus melas. In a letter from Thomas Stewart Traill, M. D. to Mr. Nicholson. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts. February, 1809:81--83. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melaena (Traill, 1809)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melaena (Traill, 1809)) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiet squid mostly but also a variety of fish. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat offshore; generally occupy areas of high relief or submerged banks. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None; see Lectotype [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Data Deficient (DD) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Are still hunted in Faero Islands. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLectotype Figured specimen, one of 92 whales stranded December 1806; skull in British Museum (Natural History), no. 363a--44.12.3.2, purchased 1844 from Traill. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: black-coloured whales with a white belly, spherical melon and a robust body. No constriction at the neck and the body is quite cylindrical from the head backward to the region of the dorsal fin. Dorsal fin has a long base, it is low, directed backwards and is set for forward on the body. 8-13 teeth in each of the 4 jaws and flippers which are 1/5 of the body length. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Female matures sexually at 6-7 years, male not until 12 years. In North Atlantic, mate in February and March in warm water and the young are born between July and October 15 to 16 months later in cooler water. Nursed for 20 months. Remain with their mother for 2 years. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Legth: male 13-25' (4-7.6 m), female 10-18 1/2' (3-5.6 m), at birth 6' (1.9 m) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat temperate and subpolar, mostly oceanic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]
 

LanguageName 
Afrikaans Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorlangvinloodswalvis  [details]
Arabic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkouraoui arras achaii  [details]
Basque Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorizurde pilotua  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcap d'olla negreChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcap d'olla  [details]
Croatian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkit debeloglavacChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbjelogrii dupin  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkulohlavec černý  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlangluffet grindehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrind  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgriend  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsocial whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorround-headed porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorroundheadChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpotheadChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornorthern pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorlong-finned pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIndian pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordriving whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon blackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcaa'ing whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic blackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmerican black-fish  [details]
Faroese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindaquealurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindahvalur  [details]
Finnish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpallopaaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindvalas  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale noirChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale conducteurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale communChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordéducteurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordauphin piloteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchaudronChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachelot svineval  [details]
Galician Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcaldeiro  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchwarzwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrindwal  [details]
Hebrew Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornatav shachor  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornydingurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorleifturChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhvalur  [details]
Indonesian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpaus hitam  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgobicefalo [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefalo neroChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefaloChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordelfino pilota  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornisarnaq  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastoji grinda  [details]
Maltese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaliena sewda  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜαυροδέλφινοChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormavrodélfino  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrinzehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrinde  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindkval  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindwal długopłetwyChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoralbrzymi delfin  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalote-añaoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorboca de panelaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleia piloto de peitoral longa  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorобыкновенная гриндаChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsharogolovyi delfinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindy  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorobloglavka  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormorfinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefalo negroChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón negroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón de aleta largaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón comúnChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcabeza de buzoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena piloto  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindval  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoruzun yüzgeçli kara balinaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsiyah yunus [from synonym]  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна гринда Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorГринда звичайна  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil pengrwn  [details]