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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseteridae 
AphiaID: 136985

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti (Superfamily)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti Flower, 1867
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodontidae F. Cuvier, 1836 (synonym)
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsperm whale  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermhvalfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermkvalfamilien  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskeloter  [details]
Direct child
taxa

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKogia Gray, 1846
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCatodon Linnaeus, 1761 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetus Billberg, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMeganeuron Gray, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegistosaurus Anonymous, in Harlan, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiseter Bonnaterre, 1789 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhysalus Lacépède, 1804 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseterus Duméril, 1806 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTursio Fleming, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter Linnaeus, 1758
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The sperm whale is the largest toothed cetacean and has the highest degree of sexual dimorphism. There is a low dorsal hump, followed by a series of crenulations. It has a large head with a squarish profile, narrow underslung lower jaw, and functional teeth only in the upper haw (these fit into sockets in the upper jaw). The blowhole is located at the left front of the head. The head is highly modified, and is divided into sections called the 'junk' and the spermaceti organ, or 'case'. The spermaceti organ is a large oil-filled reservoir, the function of which is controversial. Sperm whales have a dish shape to the facial area of the skull, extreme cranial asymmetry, and a long rostrum. Sperm whales are known to be capable of very deep, long dives. <123> [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136985
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z  changed  Claus, Simon
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Physeteridae. In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136985 on 2014-04-24
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