WoRMS taxon details

Styraconyx nanoqsunguak Kristensen & Higgins, 1984

136711  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136711)

accepted
Species
marine
Kristensen, R.M. & Higgins, R.P. (1984). Revision of Styraconyx (Tardigrada: Halechiniscidae) with description of two new species from Disko Bay, West Greenland. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 391: 1-40. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Holotype  ZMC , locality Disko Island (Kronprinsens...  
Holotype ZMC , locality Disko Island (Kronprinsens Ejland, Disko Bay, West Greenland) [details]
Type locality contained in Greenlandic part of Baffin Bay  
type locality contained in Greenlandic part of Baffin Bay [details]
Distribution This is a species from the hallasi group described from deep subtidal localities off the coast of
Greenland but later...  
Distribution This is a species from the hallasi group described from deep subtidal localities off the coast of
Greenland but later reported mainly from the shallow subtidal zone in the Mediterranean basin (also in marine
caves) and warm water in the tropical zone of the Indian Ocean. Recently it was also found in the deep subtidal
zone of Faroe Bank and shallow subtidal zone of the Black Sea. Based on the Greenlandic cold water type
locality, taxonomic problems in the genus Styraconyx, and similarities between species from this genus, it is
our opinion that specimens from the Mediterranean basin, the Black Sea and tropical waters require reexamination.
This is especially important in the light of several recent studies, which suggest marine
tardigrades have generally rather restricted distributions and are connected with specific ecological conditions
(Faurby et al. 2011, see also Kristensen & Higgins 1984a). [details]
Guidetti, R.; McInnes, J. S.; Kristensen, M. R. (2018). World List of Tardigrada. Styraconyx nanoqsunguak Kristensen & Higgins, 1984. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136711 on 2018-06-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

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original description Kristensen, R.M. & Higgins, R.P. (1984). Revision of Styraconyx (Tardigrada: Halechiniscidae) with description of two new species from Disko Bay, West Greenland. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 391: 1-40. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tardigrada, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 236 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Degma, P.; Bertolani, R.; Guidetti, R. (2009-2016). Actual checklist of Tardigrada species. (Assessed 10/02/2017) pp. 46., available online at http://www.tardigrada.modena.unimo.it/miscellanea/Actual%20checklist%20of%20Tardigrada.pdf [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype ZMC , locality Disko Island (Kronprinsens Ejland, Disko Bay, West Greenland) [details]
Allotype ZMC , locality Disko Island (Kronprinsens Ejland, Disko Bay, West Greenland) [details]
Paratype ZMC , locality Disko Island (Kronprinsens Ejland, Disko Bay, West Greenland) [details]
Paratype USNM 81187- 81191, locality Disko Island (Udkiggen, Godhavn, Disko Island, West Greenland) [details]
Paratype MNHN , locality Disko Island [details]
From regional or thematic species database
Distribution This is a species from the hallasi group described from deep subtidal localities off the coast of
Greenland but later reported mainly from the shallow subtidal zone in the Mediterranean basin (also in marine
caves) and warm water in the tropical zone of the Indian Ocean. Recently it was also found in the deep subtidal
zone of Faroe Bank and shallow subtidal zone of the Black Sea. Based on the Greenlandic cold water type
locality, taxonomic problems in the genus Styraconyx, and similarities between species from this genus, it is
our opinion that specimens from the Mediterranean basin, the Black Sea and tropical waters require reexamination.
This is especially important in the light of several recent studies, which suggest marine
tardigrades have generally rather restricted distributions and are connected with specific ecological conditions
(Faurby et al. 2011, see also Kristensen & Higgins 1984a). [details]