WoRMS taxon details

Petrosia Vosmaer, 1885

131847  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131847)

accepted
Genus
Chalinohaphis (misspelling and junior synonym)
Subgenus Petrosia (Petrosia) Vosmaer, 1885
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) alfiani de Voogd & van Soest, 2002
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) australis Bergquist & Warne, 1980
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) borealis (Lambe, 1895)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) brachysclera Lévi & Lévi, 1989
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) canariensis de Weerdt & van Soest, 1986
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) capsa Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) clavata (Esper, 1794)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) crassa (Carter, 1876)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) cretacea (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) crustata Wilson, 1925
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) densissima Dendy, 1905
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) elephantotus Ilan, Gugel & van Soest, 2004
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) expansa (Thiele, 1903)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) granifera Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) hebes Lendenfeld, 1888
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) hoeksemai de Voogd & van Soest, 2002
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) incrustata (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) intermedia (Czerniavsky, 1880)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) lignosa Wilson, 1925
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) mammiformis Dendy, 1922
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) massiva Lehnert & van Soest, 1996
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) microxea (Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) nigricans Lindgren, 1897
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) pellasarca (Laubenfels, 1934)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) pigmentosa Fromont, 1991
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) plana Wilson, 1925
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) pluricrustata Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) pulvilla (Thiele, 1903)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) puna de Laubenfels, 1951
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) punctata Lévi & Lévi, 1983
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) raphida Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) seychellensis Dendy, 1922
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) shellyi Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) solida Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) solusstrongyla Hoshino, 1981
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) spheroida Tanita, 1967
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) ushitsuensis Tanita, 1963
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) volcano Hoshino, 1976
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) weinbergi van Soest, 1980
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) chaliniformis Thiele, 1899 accepted as Neopetrosia chaliniformis (Thiele, 1899) (genus transfer)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) depellens (Topsent, 1908) accepted as Haliclona (Gellius) depellens (Topsent, 1908) (genus transfer)
  » Species Petrosia (Petrosia) dura (Wilson, 1902) accepted as Cribrochalina dura (Wilson, 1902) (genus transfer)
Subgenus Petrosia (Strongylophora) Dendy, 1905
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) corticata (Wilson, 1925)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) davilai (Alcolado, 1979)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) dendyi (Hechtel, 1969)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) devoogdae Van Soest, 2017
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) durissima (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) hartmani (van Soest, 1980)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) mamillata (Lévi & Lévi, 1983)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) mauritiana (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) septata (Thomas, 1991)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) stoneae (van Soest & Stentoft, 1988)
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) strongylata Thiele, 1903
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) vansoesti Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994
  » Species Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Species Petrosia armata (Lendenfeld, 1887)
Species Petrosia coriacea Swartschewsky, 1905
Species Petrosia pulitzeri Pansini, 1996

Species Petrosia alfiani de Voogd & van Soest, 2002 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) alfiani de Voogd & van Soest, 2002 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia australis Bergquist & Warne, 1980 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) australis Bergquist & Warne, 1980 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia brachysclera Lévi & Lévi, 1989 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) brachysclera Lévi & Lévi, 1989 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia canariensis de Weerdt & van Soest, 1986 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) canariensis de Weerdt & van Soest, 1986 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia capsa Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) capsa Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia clavata (Esper, 1794) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) clavata (Esper, 1794) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia crassa (Carter, 1876) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) crassa (Carter, 1876) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia crustata Wilson, 1925 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) crustata Wilson, 1925 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia densissima Dendy, 1905 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) densissima Dendy, 1905 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia elephantotus Ilan, Gugel & van Soest, 2004 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) elephantotus Ilan, Gugel & van Soest, 2004 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia expansa (Thiele, 1903) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) expansa (Thiele, 1903) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia granifera Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) granifera Desqueyroux-Faúndez, 1987 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia hebes Lendenfeld, 1888 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) hebes Lendenfeld, 1888 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia hoeksemai de Voogd & van Soest, 2002 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) hoeksemai de Voogd & van Soest, 2002 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia intermedia (Czerniavsky, 1880) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) intermedia (Czerniavsky, 1880) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia lignosa Wilson, 1925 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) lignosa Wilson, 1925 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia mamillata (Lévi & Lévi, 1983) represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) mamillata (Lévi & Lévi, 1983) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia mammiformis Dendy, 1922 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) mammiformis Dendy, 1922 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia massiva Lehnert & van Soest, 1996 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) massiva Lehnert & van Soest, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia mauritiana (Carter, 1885) represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) mauritiana (Carter, 1885) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia nigricans Lindgren, 1897 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) nigricans Lindgren, 1897 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia pellasarca (Laubenfels, 1934) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) pellasarca (Laubenfels, 1934) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia pigmentosa Fromont, 1991 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) pigmentosa Fromont, 1991 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia pluricrustata Lévi & Lévi, 1983 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) pluricrustata Lévi & Lévi, 1983 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia pulvilla (Thiele, 1903) represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) pulvilla (Thiele, 1903) (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia puna de Laubenfels, 1951 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) puna de Laubenfels, 1951 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia punctata Lévi & Lévi, 1983 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) punctata Lévi & Lévi, 1983 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia raphida Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) raphida Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia seychellensis Dendy, 1922 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) seychellensis Dendy, 1922 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia shellyi Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) shellyi Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia solida Hoshino, 1981 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) solida Hoshino, 1981 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia solusstrongyla Hoshino, 1981 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) solusstrongyla Hoshino, 1981 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia spheroida Tanita, 1967 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) spheroida Tanita, 1967 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia strongylata Thiele, 1903 represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) strongylata Thiele, 1903 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia ushitsuensis Tanita, 1963 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) ushitsuensis Tanita, 1963 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia vansoesti Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) vansoesti Boury-Esnault, Pansini & Uriz, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia volcano Hoshino, 1976 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) volcano Hoshino, 1976 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Petrosia (Strongylophora) vulcaniensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Petrosia weinbergi van Soest, 1980 represented as Petrosia (Petrosia) weinbergi van Soest, 1980 (subgenus assignment)

Species Petrosia cancellata Thiele, 1903 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) nigricans Lindgren, 1897 (junior synonym)
Species Petrosia chaliniformis Thiele, 1899 accepted as Neopetrosia chaliniformis (Thiele, 1899) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia contignata Thiele, 1899 accepted as Neopetrosia contignata (Thiele, 1899) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia coralloides Dendy, 1924 accepted as Xestospongia coralloides (Dendy, 1924) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia dura (Schmidt, 1862) accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) ficiformis (Poiret, 1789) (junior synonym)
Species Petrosia exigua Kirkpatrick, 1900 accepted as Neopetrosia exigua (Kirkpatrick, 1900) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia fistulata Kirkpatrick, 1907 accepted as Pachypellina fistulata (Kirkpatrick, 1907) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia friabilis Topsent, 1892 accepted as Xestospongia friabilis (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia halichondrioides Wilson, 1902 accepted as Plakortis halichondrioides (Wilson, 1902) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia hispida Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Xestospongia hispida (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia imperforata Thiele, 1899 accepted as Petrosia (Petrosia) nigricans Lindgren, 1897 (junior synonym)
Species Petrosia muta (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Xestospongia muta (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia rava Thiele, 1899 accepted as Neopetrosia rava (Thiele, 1899) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia seriata Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Neopetrosia seriata (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia similis Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Neopetrosia similis (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) accepted as Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia truncata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 accepted as Neopetrosia truncata (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia variabilis sensu Topsent, 1892 accepted as Xestospongia variabilis (Topsent, 1892) (genus transfer)
Species Petrosia variabilis (Ridley, 1884) accepted as Xestospongia variabilis (Ridley, 1884) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1885). Porifera, Parts Vll-XI. Pp. 177-368, pls XIX-XXV. In: Bronn, H.G. (Ed.), Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs. 1. (Leipzig & Heidelberg).  [details]   
Taxonomy The name Petrosia has three senior synonyms: Rayneria Nardo, 1833 is a nomen nudum as no species were mentioned in the...  
Taxonomy The name Petrosia has three senior synonyms: Rayneria Nardo, 1833 is a nomen nudum as no species were mentioned in the original publication, Schmidtia balsamo-Crivelli, 1863, which is preoccupied, and Pharetronema Sollas, 1879, which is suppressed as an unused name. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Petrosia Vosmaer, 1885. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131847 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-11-06 10:45:17Z
changed
2008-02-03 14:33:33Z
changed
2016-02-28 20:03:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Vosmaer, G.C.J. (1885). Porifera, Parts Vll-XI. Pp. 177-368, pls XIX-XXV. In: Bronn, H.G. (Ed.), Die Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs. 1. (Leipzig & Heidelberg).  [details]   

original description  (ofChalinorhaphis Lendenfeld, 1887) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1887). Die Chalineen des australischen Gebietes. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Jena. 2: 723-828, pls XVIII-XXVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R.; Valentine, C. (2002). Family Petrosiidae Van Soest, 1980. Pp. 906-917. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChalinorhaphis Lendenfeld, 1887) Desqueyroux-Faúndez, R.; Valentine, C. (2002). Family Petrosiidae Van Soest, 1980. Pp. 906-917. In: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChalinohaphis) Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-306-47260-0. xix, 1-1101, 1103-1706 (2 volumes) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The name Petrosia has three senior synonyms: Rayneria Nardo, 1833 is a nomen nudum as no species were mentioned in the original publication, Schmidtia balsamo-Crivelli, 1863, which is preoccupied, and Pharetronema Sollas, 1879, which is suppressed as an unused name. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Petrosia sp., 50-110 m Flower Garden Banks, Gulf of Mexico.

Photograph courtesy of NOAA-FGBNMS/UNCW-UVP. Identifications by C. Savarese and K. Ruetzler. For more information see: http://flowergarden.noaa.gov/document_library/scidocs/spongeposter.pdf