WoRMS taxon details

Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833

129404  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129404)

accepted
Genus
Onophis [unpublished] (careless checklist misspelling of no significance)
Subgenus Onuphis (Nothria)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) abranchiata (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Anchinothria pycnobranchiata (McIntosh, 1885)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) armandi (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) australatlantica Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Nothria australatlantica (Fauchald, 1982) accepted as Nothria abyssia Kucheruk, 1978 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) dangrigae Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Mooreonuphis dangrigae (Fauchald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) guadalupensis (Fauchald, 1968) accepted as Mooreonuphis guadalupensis (Fauchald, 1968) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) heterodentata Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) intermedia (Kinberg, 1865) accepted as Mooreonuphis intermedia (Kinberg, 1865) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) lithobiformis Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972 (subjective synonym)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) notialis (Monro, 1930) accepted as Kinbergonuphis notialis (Monro, 1930)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) opalina (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Onuphis opalina (Verrill, 1873) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) stigmatis (Treadwell, 1922) accepted as Mooreonuphis stigmatis (Treadwell, 1922) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Onuphis (Nothria) veleronis Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Mooreonuphis veleronis (Fauchald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Onuphis (Onuphis)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) amoureuxi Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975 accepted as Onuphis amoureuxi Intes & Le Leouff, 1975 accepted as Paxtonia amoureuxi (Intes & Le Leouff, 1975) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) bihanica Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975 accepted as Paradiopatra bihanica (Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) declivorum Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis declivorum Fauchald, 1982 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) difficilis Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Kinbergonuphis difficilis (Fauchald, 1982) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) geminata Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Hirsutonuphis geminata (Fauchald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) iberica Hartmann-Schröder, 1975 accepted as Onuphis iberica (Hartmann-Schröder, 1975) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) lineata Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Kinbergonuphis lineata (Fauchald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) orensanzi Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Kinbergonuphis orensanzi (Fauchald, 1982) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) pulchra Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Kinbergonuphis pulchra (Fauchald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) texana Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis texana Fauchald, 1982 (superseded original combination)
  » Species Onuphis (Onuphis) virgata Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Kinbergonuphis virgata (Faucald, 1980) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Onuphis (Paronuphis)
  » Species Onuphis (Paronuphis) gracilis Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Hyalinoecia artifex Verrill, 1880 (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis affinis Hilbig, 1995
Species Onuphis amakusaensis Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis anadonae Arias & Paxton, 2015
Species Onuphis aucklandensis Augener, 1924
Species Onuphis augeneri Arias, 2016
Species Onuphis branchiata Treadwell, 1931
Species Onuphis brevicirris Hartmann-Schröder, 1959
Species Onuphis chinensis Uschakov & Wu, 1962
Species Onuphis declivorum Fauchald, 1982
Species Onuphis dibranchiata Willey, 1905
Species Onuphis elegans (Johnson, 1901)
Species Onuphis eremita Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
Species Onuphis erici Arias, Nunez & Paxton, 2017
Species Onuphis farallonensis Hobson, 1971
Species Onuphis farensis Gil & Machado, 2014
Species Onuphis fuscata Imajima, 1986
Species Onuphis geophiliformis (Moore, 1903)
Species Onuphis hanneloreae Arias, 2016
Species Onuphis hokkaiensis Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis holobranchiata Marenzeller, 1879
Species Onuphis imajimai Maekawa & Hayashi, 1989
Species Onuphis iridescens (Johnson, 1901)
Species Onuphis iriei Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis kammurijimaensis Maekawa & Hayashi, 1989
Species Onuphis landanaensis Augener, 1918
Species Onuphis longisetosa Imajima, 1986
Species Onuphis mexicana (Fauchald, 1968)
Species Onuphis multiannulata Shisko, 1982
Species Onuphis nakaoi Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis nonpectinata Imajima, 1986
Species Onuphis opalina (Verrill, 1873)
Species Onuphis pallida (Moore, 1911)
Species Onuphis pancerii Claparède, 1868
Species Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972
Species Onuphis punggolensis Tan & Chou, 1998
Species Onuphis rullieriana (Amoureux, 1977)
Species Onuphis segmentispadix Shisko, 1982
Species Onuphis setosa Kinberg, 1865
Species Onuphis shijikiensis Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis shirikishinaiensis (Imajima, 1960)
Species Onuphis similis (Fauchald, 1968)
Species Onuphis taraba Maekawa & Hayashi, 1989
Species Onuphis tetradentata Imajima, 1986
Species Onuphis texana Fauchald, 1982
Species Onuphis tosaensis Maekawa & Hayashi, 1999
Species Onuphis uschakovi Wu & Xu, 2017
Species Onuphis variolata Shen, 1987
Species Onuphis vibex (Fauchald, 1972)

Species Onuphis acapulcensis Rioja, 1944 accepted as Hirsutonuphis acapulcensis (Rioja, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis africana Augener, 1918 accepted as Nothria africana (Augener, 1918) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis amoureuxi Intes & Le Leouff, 1975 accepted as Paxtonia amoureuxi (Intes & Le Leouff, 1975) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis arctica Annenkova, 1946 accepted as Kinbergonuphis arctica (Annenkova, 1946) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis basipicta Willey, 1905 accepted as Heptaceras phyllocirra (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis bihanica (Intes & Le Leouff, 1975) accepted as Paradiopatra bihanica (Intes & Le Loeuff, 1975) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis britannica McIntosh, 1903 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis cedroensis Fauchald, 1968 accepted as Kinbergonuphis cedroensis (Fauchald, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis cirrobranchiata Moore, 1903 accepted as Anchinothria cirrobranchiata (Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis cobra Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Nothria cobra (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Anchinothria cobra (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis conchylega Sars, 1835 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (basionym)
Species Onuphis crassisetosa Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Nothria crassisetosa (Chamberlin, 1919) accepted as Anchinothria pycnobranchiata (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis dorsalis (Ehlers, 1897) accepted as Kinbergonuphis dorsalis (Ehlers, 1897) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis eschrichti Örsted, 1843 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis falesia Castelli, 1982 accepted as Onuphis eremita Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833 (Subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis filicornis Delle Chiaje, 1941 accepted as Hyalinoecia tubicola (O.F. Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis fiordica (Fauchald, 1974) accepted as Paradiopatra fiordica (Fauchald, 1974) (synonym)
Species Onuphis fragilis Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Kinbergonuphis fragilis (Kinberg, 1865) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis fukianensis Uschakov & Wu, 1962 accepted as Heptaceras fukianensis (Uschakov & Wu, 1962) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis furcatoseta (Monro, 1937) accepted as Paradiopatra furcatoseta (Monro, 1937) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis gorgonensis Monro, 1933 accepted as Kinbergonuphis gorgonensis (Monro, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis grubii Marenzeller, 1886 accepted as Aponuphis grubii (Marenzeller, 1886) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis gygis Paxton, 1979 accepted as Hirsutonuphis gygis (Paxton, 1979) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis hawaiiensis Pettibone, 1970 accepted as Nothria hawaiiensis Pettibone, 1970
Species Onuphis heterodentata Fauchald, 1982 accepted as Onuphis pseudoiridescens Averincev, 1972 (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis hyperborea Hansen, 1882 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis iberica (Hartmann-Schröder, 1975) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis intermedia Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Mooreonuphis intermedia (Kinberg, 1865) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis investigatoris Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Kinbergonuphis investigatoris (Fauvel, 1932) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis jenneri Gardiner, 1976 accepted as Kinbergonuphis jenneri (Gardiner, 1976) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis jourdei Marion, 1883 accepted as Nothria conchylega (Sars, 1835) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis lepta Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradiopatra lepta (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis litabranchia Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradiopatra litabranchia (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis litoralis Monro, 1933 accepted as Mooreonuphis litoralis (Monro, 1933) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis longibranchiata Berkeley, 1972 accepted as Diopatra ornata Moore, 1911 (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis maculata (Baird, 1869) accepted as Heptaceras phyllocirra (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis magna (Andrews, 1891) accepted as Americonuphis magna (Andrews, 1891) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis mariahirsuta Paxton, 1986 accepted as Hirsutonuphis mariahirsuta (Paxton, 1979) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis microbranchiata Fauchald, 1968 accepted as Mooreonuphis microbranchiata (Fauchald, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis microcephala Hartman, 1944 accepted as Kinbergonuphis microcephala (Hartman, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis multidentata Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Kinbergonuphis multidentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis nannognathus Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Kinbergonuphis nannognathus (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis nebulosa Moore, 1911 accepted as Mooreonuphis nebulosa (Moore, 1911) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis notialis Monro, 1930 accepted as Kinbergonuphis notialis (Monro, 1930) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis oligobranchiata Orensanz, 1974 accepted as Kinbergonuphis oligobranchiata (Orensanz, 1974) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis pachytmema Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis papillata Kucheruk, 1979 accepted as Paradiopatra papillata (Kucheruk, 1979) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis paradoxa (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Fauchaldonuphis paradoxa (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis parva Moore, 1911 accepted as Paradiopatra parva (Moore, 1911) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis paucibranchis (Ehlers, 1908) accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis pauli Annenkova, 1952 accepted as Paradiopatra pauli (Annenkova, 1952) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis pectinata Knox & Hicks, 1973 accepted as Hartmanonuphis pectinata (Knox & Hicks, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis peruana Hartman, 1944 accepted as Mooreonuphis peruana (Hartman, 1944) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis pigmentata Fauchald, 1968 accepted as Kinbergonuphis pigmentata (Fauchald, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis pourtalesii (Ehlers, 1879) accepted as Anchinothria pourtalesii (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis proalopus Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Kinbergonuphis proalopus (Chamberlin, 1919) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis profundi Fauchald, 1968 accepted as Kinbergonuphis proalopus (Chamberlin, 1919) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis pseudodibranchiata Gallardo, 1968 accepted as Kinbergonuphis pseudodibranchiata (Gallardo, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis quadricuspis M. Sars, 1872 accepted as Paradiopatra quadricuspis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis quinquedens Day, 1951 accepted as Heptaceras quinquedens (Day, 1951) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis rubrescens Augener, 1906 accepted as Kinbergonuphis rubrescens (Augener, 1906) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis setosa (Kinberg, 1865) accepted as Onuphis setosa Kinberg, 1865 (return to original combination)
Species Onuphis sicula Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Hyalinoecia tubicola (O.F. Müller, 1776) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis simoni Santos, Day & Rice, 1981 accepted as Kinbergonuphis simoni (Santos, Day & Rice, 1981) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis socia Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Paradiopatra ehlersi (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis stigmatis Treadwell, 1922 accepted as Mooreonuphis stigmatis (Treadwell, 1922) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis striata Hartmann-Schröder, 1965 accepted as Onuphis (Onuphis) lineata Fauchald, 1980 accepted as Kinbergonuphis lineata (Fauchald, 1980) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis striata Uschakov, 1950 accepted as Paradiopatra striata (Uschakov, 1950) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis taeniata Paxton, 1979 accepted as Kinbergonuphis taeniata (Paxton, 1979) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis tenuis Hansen, 1882 accepted as Kinbergonuphis tenuis (Hansen, 1882) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis tenuissima Grube, 1868 accepted as Hyalinoecia tenuissima (Grube, 1868) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis teres (Ehlers, 1868) accepted as Australonuphis teres (Ehlers, 1868) (superseded recombination)
Species Onuphis vermillionensis Fauchald, 1968 accepted as Kinbergonuphis vermillionensis (Fauchald, 1968) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis verngreni Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Rhamphobrachium verngreni (Kinberg, 1865) (superseded original combination)
Species Onuphis vexillaria Moore, 1911 accepted as Kinbergonuphis vexillaria (Moore, 1911) (subjective synonym)
Species Onuphis willemoesi (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Protodiopatra willemoesii (McIntosh, 1885) (new combination)
Species Onuphis zebra Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939 accepted as Hirsutonuphis zebra (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> sér. 1, 28: 187-247., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29457#page/191/mode/1up
page(s): 225; note: for Onuphis emerita, a new species [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see   
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see http://logeion.uchicago.edu/Onuphis). However, it is also said (William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology) that Onuphis was a sacred bull, who was worshipped at Hermonthis in Upper Egypt, and also that Onuphis was a high priest of Heliopolis. Alternatively Arias and Paxton (2014) suggested that “The term “onuphis” is derived from the ancient Greek, ‘on’ meaning sun and ‘ophis’ meaning snake. The onuphid serpentine shape along with its iridescent colouration, commonly golden or opaline, account for the etymology of its name”. They did not provide original sources for the derivation of these suggestions or explain the difference in spellings. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Onuphis Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129404 on 2018-12-10
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-17 10:41:03Z
changed
2008-02-28 11:07:56Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-09-02 01:19:23Z
changed
2018-10-01 02:21:01Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Audouin, J.V. and Milne Edwards, H. (1833). Classification des Annélides et description de celles qui habitent les côtes de la France. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> sér. 1, 28: 187-247., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29457#page/191/mode/1up
page(s): 225; note: for Onuphis emerita, a new species [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Arias, Andrés. (2016). <em>Onuphis </em>and <em>Mooreonuphis</em> (Annelida: Onuphidae) from West Africa with the description of three new species and the reinstatement of <em>O. landanaensis</em> Augener, 1918. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4168(3): 481-511., available online at http://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4168.3.3 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. The name Onuphis is clearly associated with ancient Egypt, where there was town called Onuphis (see http://logeion.uchicago.edu/Onuphis). However, it is also said (William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology) that Onuphis was a sacred bull, who was worshipped at Hermonthis in Upper Egypt, and also that Onuphis was a high priest of Heliopolis. Alternatively Arias and Paxton (2014) suggested that “The term “onuphis” is derived from the ancient Greek, ‘on’ meaning sun and ‘ophis’ meaning snake. The onuphid serpentine shape along with its iridescent colouration, commonly golden or opaline, account for the etymology of its name”. They did not provide original sources for the derivation of these suggestions or explain the difference in spellings. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine. Although classical mentions of Onuphis are in reference to male Egyptian entities (eg a priest and a bull), Audouin & Milne Edwards, for reasons unknown today, treated it as feminine by naming the type species 'emerita', not 'emeritus'. Other contemporary authors followed this choice, and Fauchald overtly continued this feminine gender consistency with his new genera, Kinbergonuphis, Sarsonuphis, & Mooreonuphis, although the names honour male biologists. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]