WoRMS taxon details

Gyptis Marion, 1874

129307  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129307)

accepted
Genus
Gyptis propinqua Marion & Bobretzky, 1875 (type by subsequent designation)
Paragyptis Pocklington, 1984 (subjective synonym)
Species Gyptis bruneli (Pettibone, 1961)
Species Gyptis brunnea (Hartman, 1961)
Species Gyptis comata (Ehlers, 1913)
Species Gyptis crinita (Haswell, 1886)
Species Gyptis golikovi (Averincev, 1990)
Species Gyptis gracilis Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992
Species Gyptis heteroculatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965)
Species Gyptis hians Fauchald & Hancock, 1981
Species Gyptis incisa Böggemann, 2009
Species Gyptis incompta Ehlers, 1913
Species Gyptis lobata (Hessle, 1925)
Species Gyptis mackiei Pleijel, 1993
Species Gyptis maraunibinae Gibbs, 1971
Species Gyptis ophiocomae Storch & Niggemann, 1967
Species Gyptis pacificus (Hessle, 1925)
Species Gyptis paucilineata Pleijel, Rouse & Nygren, 2009
Species Gyptis polymorpha Pleijel, Rouse & Nygren, 2009
Species Gyptis propinqua Marion & Bobretzky, 1875
Species Gyptis raluanensis (Augener, 1927)
Species Gyptis robertscrippsi Rouse, Carvajal & Pleijel, 2018
Species Gyptis rosea Marion, 1875
Species Gyptis shannonae Summers, Pleijel & Rouse, 2015
Species Gyptis simpsonorum Pleijel, Rouse & Nygren, 2009
Species Gyptis vittata Webster & Benedict, 1887

Species Gyptis arenicola (La Greca, 1946) accepted as Podarkeopsis arenicolus (La Greca, 1946) (superseded recombination)
Species Gyptis brevipalapa [auct. lapsus] accepted as Podarkeopsis brevipalpa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (misspelling of 'brevipalpa')
Species Gyptis brevipalpa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) accepted as Podarkeopsis brevipalpa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Gyptis capensis (Day, 1963) accepted as Podarkeopsis capensis (Day, 1963) (superseded recombination (recombination))
Species Gyptis crypta Pleijel, 1993 accepted as Neogyptis crypta (Pleijel, 1993) (superseded original combination)
Species Gyptis fasciatus (Grube, 1855) accepted as Oxydromus flexuosus (Delle Chiaje, 1827) (superseded combination of synonym)
Species Gyptis helgolandica Hilbig & Dittmer, 1979 accepted as Podarkeopsis helgolandicus (Hilbig & Dittmer, 1979) (superseded original combination)
Species Gyptis lobatus (Hessle, 1925) accepted as Gyptis lobata (Hessle, 1925) (misspelling for mandatory gender agreement)
Species Gyptis mediterranea Pleijel, 1993 accepted as Neogyptis mediterranea (Pleijel, 1993) (superseded original combination)
Species Gyptis plurisetis Hilbig, 1992 accepted as Neogyptis plurisetis (Hilbig, 1992) (superseded original combination)
Species Gyptis rosea (Malm, 1874) accepted as Neogyptis rosea (Malm, 1874) (superseded combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Marion, A.F. (1874). Sur les Annélides du Golfe de Marseille. <em>Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris.</em> 79: 398-401., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36304057
page(s): 399; note: premature publication of genus Gyptis name, almost without description [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Etymology Not stated. However, it is clear that Gyptis is a female personal name most likely adopted from a foundation myth for...  
Etymology Not stated. However, it is clear that Gyptis is a female personal name most likely adopted from a foundation myth for Marseille (Greek Massalia), the area where the worm was collected: "A foundation myth reported by Aristotle in the 4th century BCE as well as by Latin authors, recounts how Greek ships from Phocaea in Ionia (west coast of Asia Minor) came to the Marseille area in 600 BCE, and the Phocaean Protis (son of Euxenus) married Gyptis (or Petta), the daughter of a local Segobriges king called Nannus, thus giving Protis the right to receive a piece of land where he was able to found a city." [main source: Wikipedia] [details]

Homonymy Gyptis Marion, 1874 is a homonym (trans-Codes, thus a 'hemihomonym') to Gyptis Cassini, 1818 in Compositae (Plantae) as...  
Homonymy Gyptis Marion, 1874 is a homonym (trans-Codes, thus a 'hemihomonym') to Gyptis Cassini, 1818 in Compositae (Plantae) as published in Henri Cassini, 1818. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1818: 139 https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4691158. As plant and animal names are regulated by different codes, the junior zoological Gyptis remains valid (ICZN recommendation 1A urges that new genus names do not duplicate non-animal names) . The plant Gyptis is a genus from South America with several species. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Gyptis Marion, 1874. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129307 on 2019-04-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2018-10-09 21:20:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Marion, A.F. (1874). Sur les Annélides du Golfe de Marseille. <em>Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris.</em> 79: 398-401., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36304057
page(s): 399; note: premature publication of genus Gyptis name, almost without description [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofParagyptis Pocklington, 1984) Pocklington, Patricia 1984. Paragyptis margaretae, new genus and species of Hesionidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from St. Margaret's Bay, Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62: 2335-2338, 2 figures. [details]   

additional source Pleijel, Fredrik 1998. Phylogeny and classification of Hesionidae (Polychaeta). Zoologica Scripta, 27(2): 89-163, 38 figures, 7 tables. [details]   

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Marion, A.F.; Bobretzky, N. (1875). Étude des Annélides du golfe de Marseille. <em>Annales des Sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> 6 (2): 1-106, Pl.1-12., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/33155516
page(s): 51; note: Full description after premature publication by Marion in 1874 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority The author of Gyptis is Marion alone. It is quite clear that Marion alone wrote the 1874 'news item' article in which Gyptis was prematurely published with minimal detail . However, there has been a 'tradition' in recent decades to credit also Bobretzky who was Marion's co-author on the full publication. Hartman in her catalogue dated the genus from the 1875 Marion & Bobretzky paper, but later authors (e.g., Pleijel, 1991:128) noticed the earlier brief mention [details]

Etymology Not stated. However, it is clear that Gyptis is a female personal name most likely adopted from a foundation myth for Marseille (Greek Massalia), the area where the worm was collected: "A foundation myth reported by Aristotle in the 4th century BCE as well as by Latin authors, recounts how Greek ships from Phocaea in Ionia (west coast of Asia Minor) came to the Marseille area in 600 BCE, and the Phocaean Protis (son of Euxenus) married Gyptis (or Petta), the daughter of a local Segobriges king called Nannus, thus giving Protis the right to receive a piece of land where he was able to found a city." [main source: Wikipedia] [details]

Grammatical gender feminine. Gyptis is a female personal name (see etymology). Marion and Bobretzky (1875) treated it as feminine when they named Gyptis propinqua, and subsequent authors followed their example (some recombined names were not corrected for gender) [details]

Homonymy Gyptis Marion, 1874 is a homonym (trans-Codes, thus a 'hemihomonym') to Gyptis Cassini, 1818 in Compositae (Plantae) as published in Henri Cassini, 1818. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1818: 139 https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4691158. As plant and animal names are regulated by different codes, the junior zoological Gyptis remains valid (ICZN recommendation 1A urges that new genus names do not duplicate non-animal names) . The plant Gyptis is a genus from South America with several species. [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]