WoRMS taxon details

Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866

129281  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129281)

accepted
Genus
Nereis sanguinea Montagu, 1813 accepted as Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (type by subsequent designation)
Amphelothrix Chamberlin, 1919· accepted, alternate representation (misspelled)
Amphiro Kinberg, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Amphiron Chamberlin, 1919· accepted, alternate representation (misspelled)
Aphelothrix Chamberlin, 1919 (junior subjective synonym)
Lysibranchia Cantone, 1983 (junior synonym or incertae sedis, as type species likely a juvenile)
Macduffia McIntosh, 1885 (junior synonym)
Nausicaa Kinberg, 1865 (junior synonym)
Paramarphysa Ehlers, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa acicularum Webster, 1884
Species Marphysa aegypti Elgetany, El-Ghobashy, Ghoneim & Struck, 2018
Species Marphysa aenea (Blanchard in Gay, 1849)
Species Marphysa angelensis Fauchald, 1970
Species Marphysa aransensis Treadwell, 1939
Species Marphysa atlantica (Kinberg, 1865)
Species Marphysa bernardi Rullier, 1972
Species Marphysa bifurcata Kott, 1951
Species Marphysa bonhardi (McIntosh, 1885)
Species Marphysa borradailei Pillai, 1958
Species Marphysa brasiliensis (Hansen, 1882)
Species Marphysa brevitentaculata Treadwell, 1921
Species Marphysa bulla Liu, Hutchings & Kupriyanova, 2018
Species Marphysa californica Moore, 1909
Species Marphysa capensis (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Marphysa chevalensis Willey, 1905
Species Marphysa corallina (Kinberg, 1865)
Species Marphysa dartevellei Monro, 1936
Species Marphysa depressa (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Marphysa digitibranchia Hoagland, 1920
Species Marphysa elityeni Lewis & Karageorgopoulos, 2008
Species Marphysa emiliae Molina-Acevedo & Carrera-Parra, 2017
Species Marphysa fauchaldi Glasby & Hutchings, 2010
Species Marphysa formosa Steiner & Amaral, 2000
Species Marphysa fragilis Treadwell, 1911
Species Marphysa furcellata Crossland, 1903
Species Marphysa galluccii Orensanz, 1990
Species Marphysa gayi Quatrefages, 1866
Species Marphysa gravelyi Southern, 1921
Species Marphysa hamata (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Marphysa hemasoma Quatrefages, 1866
Species Marphysa januarii (Grube, 1881)
Species Marphysa johnsoni (Langerhans, 1880)
Species Marphysa kristiani Zanol, da Silva & Hutchings, 2016
Species Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903
Species Marphysa mangeri Augener, 1918
Species Marphysa mauritanica Gillet, 1990
Species Marphysa maxidenticulata Liu, Hutchings & Kupriyanova, 2018
Species Marphysa minima (Hansen, 1882)
Species Marphysa mixta Fauchald, 1970
Species Marphysa moribidii Idris, Hutchings & Arshad, 2014
Species Marphysa mortenseni Monro, 1928
Species Marphysa mossambica (Peters, 1854)
Species Marphysa mullawa Hutchings & Karageorgopoulis, 2003
Species Marphysa multipectinata Liu, Hutchings & Sun, 2017
Species Marphysa nobilis Treadwell, 1917
Species Marphysa orensanzi Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998
Species Marphysa orientalis Treadwell, 1936
Species Marphysa parvipes (Benham, 1927)
Species Marphysa peruviana Quatrefages, 1866
Species Marphysa posterobranchia Day, 1962
Species Marphysa proppi (Averincev, 1972)
Species Marphysa pseudosessiloa Zanol, da Silva & Hutchings, 2017
Species Marphysa quadrioculata (Grube, 1856)
Species Marphysa regalis Verrill, 1900
Species Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813)
Species Marphysa saxicola Langerhans, 1881
Species Marphysa schmardai Gravier, 1907
Species Marphysa sebastiana Steiner & Amaral, 2000
Species Marphysa sessilobranchiata Hartmann-Schröder, 1984
Species Marphysa simplex (Langerhans, 1884)
Species Marphysa soembaensis Augener, 1933
Species Marphysa striata (Kinberg, 1865)
Species Marphysa stylobranchiata Moore, 1909
Species Marphysa tamurai Okuda, 1934
Species Marphysa teres (Treadwell, 1922)
Species Marphysa teretiuscula (Schmarda, 1861)
Species Marphysa tribranchiata Liu, Hutchings & Sun, 2017
Species Marphysa tripectinata Liu, Hutchings & Sun, 2017
Species Marphysa unibranchiata Knox & Cameron, 1970
Species Marphysa victori Lavesque, Daffe, Bonifácio & Hutchings, 2017
Species Marphysa viridis Treadwell, 1917

Species Marphysa grunwaldi (Risso, 1826) (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Lavesque et al. 2017)
Species Marphysa pacifica (Rullier, 1972) (taxon inquirendum, genus uncertain)
Species Marphysa triantennata (Risso, 1826) (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Lavesque et al. 2017)

Species Marphysa mcintoshi Crossland, 1903 represented as Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903
Species Marphysa posteriobranchia Day, 1962 represented as Marphysa posterobranchia Day, 1962

Species Marphysa adenensis Gravier, 1900 accepted as Paucibranchia adenensis (Gravier, 1900) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa amadae Fauchald, 1977 accepted as Treadwellphysa amadae (Fauchald, 1977)
Species Marphysa angeli Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998 accepted as Nicidion angeli (Carrera-Parra & Salazar-Vallejo, 1998) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa antipathum Pourtalès, 1869 accepted as Eunice antipathum (Pourtalès, 1867)
Species Marphysa belli [auctt.] accepted as Marphysa bellii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) accepted as Paucibranchia bellii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Species Marphysa bellii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) accepted as Paucibranchia bellii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Marphysa capensis Fauvel, 1950 accepted as Marphysa corallina (Kinberg, 1865) (subjective synonym, and junior homonym)
Species Marphysa cinari Kurt-Sahin, 2014 accepted as Paucibranchia cinari (Kurt-Sahin, 2014) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa conferta Moore, 1911 accepted as Paucibranchia conferta (Moore, 1911) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa corallina Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Marphysa aenea (Blanchard in Gay, 1849) (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa disjuncta Hartman, 1961 accepted as Paucibranchia disjuncta (Hartman, 1961) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa durbanensis Day, 1934 accepted as Marphysa mcintoshi Crossland, 1903 represented as Marphysa macintoshi Crossland, 1903 (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa escobarae Salazar-Vallejo & Carrera-Parra, 1997 accepted as Marphysa fragilis Treadwell, 1911 (junior synonym)
Species Marphysa fallax Marion & Bobretzky, 1875 accepted as Paucibranchia fallax (Marion & Bobretzky, 1875) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa floridana Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Eunice floridana (Pourtalès, 1867) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa gemmata Mohammad, 1973 accepted as Paucibranchia gemmata (Mohammad, 1973) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa goodsiri McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Eunice goodsiri (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa haemasoma Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa hentscheli Augener, 1931 accepted as Nicidion hentscheli (Augener, 1931) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa iwamushi Izuka, 1907 accepted as Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa kinbergi McIntosh, 1910 accepted as Paucibranchia kinbergi (McIntosh, 1910) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa languida Treadwell, 1921 accepted as Treadwellphysa languida (Treadwell, 1921) (new combination)
Species Marphysa leidii Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa longula (Ehlers, 1887) accepted as Nicidion longula (Ehlers, 1887)
Species Marphysa parishii Baird, 1869 accepted as Marphysa sanguinea (Montagu, 1813) (subjective synonym)
Species Marphysa purcellana Willey, 1904 accepted as Paucibranchia purcellana (Willey, 1904) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa simplex Crossland, 1903 accepted as Marphysa teretiuscula (Schmarda, 1861) (subjective synonym, junior secondary homonym)
Species Marphysa simplex Treadwell, 1922 accepted as Marphysa mossambica (Peters, 1854) (subjective synonym, junior secondary homonym)
Species Marphysa sinensis Monro, 1934 accepted as Paucibranchia sinensis (Monro, 1934) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa stragulum (Grube, 1878) accepted as Paucibranchia stragulum (Grube, 1878) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Marphysa tibiana Pourtalès, 1867 accepted as Eunice tibiana (Pourtalès, 1867) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa totospinata Lu & Fauchald, 1998 accepted as Paucibranchia totospinata (Lu & Fauchald, 1998) (superseded original combination)
Species Marphysa veracruzensis de Léon-González & Castañeda, 2006 accepted as Treadwellphysa veracruzensis (de León-González & Castañeda, 2006) (new combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Quatrefages, A. de. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 331; note: Quatrefages named Marphysa, and included several former Eunice species. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in Hartman catalogue, p.320. Designation must have been a subsequent designation as Quatrefages included several taxa without indicating a type (although presenting the description of M. sanguinea first). [details]
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. It does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However, Greek...  
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. It does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However, Greek 'physa', a feminine noun meaning bladder or bubble, occurs outside of Annelida as part of several compound genera names. At best we can treat the gender of Marphysa as reliably feminine as Quatrefages did not change the suffixes of the 3 or 4 adjectival Eunice names he recombined in Marphysa, and later authors have also treated it as feminine. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Marphysa Quatrefages, 1866. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129281 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-03-09 22:07:41Z
changed
2018-10-23 21:05:58Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Quatrefages, A. de. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d’eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 331; note: Quatrefages named Marphysa, and included several former Eunice species. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofParamarphysa Ehlers, 1887) Ehlers, Ernst. (1887). Reports on the results of dredging, under the direction of L. F. Pourtalès, during the years 1868-1870, and of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico (1877-78), and in the Caribbean Sea (1878-79), in the U.S. Coast Survey steamer "Blake", Lieut-Com. C. D. Sigsbee, U.S.N. and Commander J. R. Bartlett, U.S.N., commanding. XXXI. Report on the Annelids. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 15: vi & 335 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96641#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofAmphiro Kinberg, 1865) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 21(10): 559-574., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100621#page/537/mode/1up
page(s): 565 [details]   

original description  (ofLysibranchia Cantone, 1983) Cantone, Grazia. (1983). Un nuovo genere di Eunicidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) del Golfo di Catania. <em>Animalia, Catania.</em> 10(1-3): 81-86. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Zanol, J.; Da Silva, T. D. S. C.; Hutchings, P. (2016). Marphysa (Eunicidae, polychaete, Annelida) species of the Sanguinea group from Australia, with comments on pseudo-cryptic species. <em>Invertebrate Biology.</em> 135(4): 328-344., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ivb.12146/full [details]   

taxonomy source Molina-Acevedo, Isabel C.; Carrera-Parra, Luis F. (2017). Revision of <em>Marphysa</em> de Quatrefages, 1865 and some species of <em>Nicidion</em> Kinberg, 1865 with the erection of a new genus (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) from the Grand Caribbean. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4241(1): 1-62., available online at http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4241.1.1
note: review of genus [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Molina-Acevedo, Isabel C. (2018). Morphological revision of the Subgroup 1 Fauchald, 1970 of Marphysa de Quatrefages, 1865 (Eunicidae: Polychaeta). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4480(1): 1-125., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4480.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Hartman, O. (1944). Polychaetous Annelids. Part V. Eunicea. <em>Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions.</em> 10(1): 1-237. [details]   

additional source Glasby, Chris J.; Hutchings Pat, A. (2010). A new species of Marphysa Quatrefages, 1865 (Polychaeta: Eunicida: Eunicidae) from northern Australia and a review of similar taxa from the Indo-west Pacific, including the genus Nauphanta Kinberg, 1865. Zootaxa 2352: 29–45. , available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2010/f/z02352p045f.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Errantia] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 1. Errantia. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. vi, 1–458, xxix., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Katsiaras, Nikolaos; Simboura, Nomiki; Koutsoubas, Drosos. (2014). The rare subgroup C1 of <em>Marphysa</em> (Polychaeta, Eunicidae): re-description of species and first records in the Mediterranean Sea. Zootaxa. 3873(3): 201-217., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3873.3.1
page(s): 215 [key to Mediterranean species] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated by Quatrefages, and not known. It does not appear to be a known word in classical Latin or Greek. However, Greek 'physa', a feminine noun meaning bladder or bubble, occurs outside of Annelida as part of several compound genera names. At best we can treat the gender of Marphysa as reliably feminine as Quatrefages did not change the suffixes of the 3 or 4 adjectival Eunice names he recombined in Marphysa, and later authors have also treated it as feminine. [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine, an assumption mainly based on the early Marphysa names created and that 'physa' in Greek is a feminine noun. The etymology is uncertain. [details]

Type species Type species Nereis sanguinea Montagu 1813 in Hartman catalogue, p.320. Designation must have been a subsequent designation as Quatrefages included several taxa without indicating a type (although presenting the description of M. sanguinea first). [details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 



Original drawing of Nereis sanguinea Montagu, type species of Marphysa
 Original drawing of...
[image from typetaxon]