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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura Webster & Benedict, 1887 
AphiaID: 129251

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolecida (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossuridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura longocirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossuridae Day, 1963
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura Webster & Benedict, 1887
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossurella Hartman, 1976 (subjective synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977 (subjective synonym)
Sources  original description Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries. 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855
page(s): 743; note: for Cossura longocirrata n.sp. [details] [full text]

identification resource Read, G. B. 2000. Taxonomy and distribution of a new Cossura species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cossuridae) from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 1096-1110. [details]

identification resource Zhadan, Anna. (2015). Cossuridae (Annelida: Polychaeta: Sedentaria) from Australian and adjacent waters: the first faunistic survey. Records of the Australian Museum. 67(1): 1-24., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.67.2015.1639 [details]

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Direct child
taxa (29)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura abyssalis Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura aciculata (Wu & Chen, 1977)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura alba Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura bansei Hilbig, 1996
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura brunnea Fauchald, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura candida Hartman, 1955
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura chilensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1965
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura coasta Kitamori, 1960
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura consimilis Read, 2000
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura dayi Hartman, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura delta Reish, 1958
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura dimorpha (Hartman, 1976)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura flabelligera Zhadan, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura ginesi Liñero-Arana & Díaz-Díaz, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura heterochaeta Orensanz, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura hutchingsae Zhadan, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura keablei Zhadan, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura laeviseta Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura longocirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura modica Fauchald & Hancock, 1981
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura pettiboneae (Ewing, 1987)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura platypus Zhadan, 2017
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura pseudakaina (Ewing, 1987)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura pygodactylata Jones, 1956
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura queenslandensis Zhadan, 2015
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura rostrata Fauchald, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura sima Fauchald, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura soyeri Laubier, 1964

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura lepida Tamai, 1986 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura pygodactylata Jones, 1956
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Feedingtypes  deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis of Webster & Benedict (1887: 743): "Head and first two segments without appendages. Fourth segment with single median cirrus; no lateral cirri (branchiae). Capillary setae, dorsal and ventral from the third segment. Anal segment with three anal cirri. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic island known in ancient Greece, now called Pantellaria, located between Sicily and the coast of Africa. There is no obvious link to Webster & Benedict's worm specimens, but the very next genus they created was Ledon, also geographic in origin as a town in northern ancient Greece. Geonames lists only the Mediterranean Cossura instance. Webster & Benedict used a feminine species-group name with it. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Assumed feminine as the species-group adjective longocirrata has a feminine suffix. Subsequent authors treated Cossura as feminine. [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129251
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Bellan, Gérard
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2017-03-01 04:03:26Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Cossura. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129251 on 2017-07-25
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License