WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossura Webster & Benedict, 1887

129251

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129251

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossurella Hartman, 1976 (subjective synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries. 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855
page(s): 743; note: for Cossura longocirrata n.sp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic island known in ancient Greece, now called Pantellaria, located between Sicily and the coast of Africa. There is no obvious link to Webster & Benedict's worm specimens, but the very next genus they created was Ledon, also geographic in origin as a town in northern ancient Greece. Geonames lists only the Mediterranean Cossura instance. Webster & Benedict used a feminine species-group name with it. [details]
Read, G.; Bellan, G. (2017). Cossura Webster & Benedict, 1887. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129251 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-03-01 04:03:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Webster, Henry E. and Benedict, James E. (1887). The Annelida Chaetopoda, from Eastport, Maine. U.S. Commission of Fish & Fisheries. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries. 1885. part 13, II. appendix to report of commissioner, D.22. :707-758, including pls. 1-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15839855
page(s): 743; note: for Cossura longocirrata n.sp. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossurella Hartman, 1976) Hartman, Olga. (1976 [issue for 1974]). Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964 and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India. 16(1): 191-252.
page(s): 234 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977) Wu, Bao Ling and Chen, Mu 1977. [Heterocossura, a new genus of the Cossuridae (Polychaeta: sedentaria)]. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 23(1): 97-101.
page(s): 100 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

identification resource Read, G. B. 2000. Taxonomy and distribution of a new Cossura species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cossuridae) from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 1096-1110. [details]   

identification resource Zhadan, Anna. (2015). Cossuridae (Annelida: Polychaeta: Sedentaria) from Australian and adjacent waters: the first faunistic survey. Records of the Australian Museum. 67(1): 1-24., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.67.2015.1639 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCossurella Hartman, 1976) Read, G. B. 2000. Taxonomy and distribution of a new Cossura species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cossuridae) from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 1096-1110.
page(s): 1 097 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977) Gardiner, Stephen L.; Wilson, Herbert, Jr. (1979). New records of polychaete annelids from North Carolina with the description of a new species of Sphaerosyllis (Syllidae). Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. 93(4): 159-172., available online at http://dc.lib.unc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/jncas/id/3014 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterocossura Wu & Chen, 1977) Read, G. B. 2000. Taxonomy and distribution of a new Cossura species (Annelida: Polychaeta: Cossuridae) from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(4): 1096-1110.
page(s): 1 097 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis of Webster & Benedict (1887: 743): "Head and first two segments without appendages. Fourth segment with single median cirrus; no lateral cirri (branchiae). Capillary setae, dorsal and ventral from the third segment. Anal segment with three anal cirri. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but the likely derivation is from a geographic name, as Cossura (or Cossyra) was a Mediterranean volcanic island known in ancient Greece, now called Pantellaria, located between Sicily and the coast of Africa. There is no obvious link to Webster & Benedict's worm specimens, but the very next genus they created was Ledon, also geographic in origin as a town in northern ancient Greece. Geonames lists only the Mediterranean Cossura instance. Webster & Benedict used a feminine species-group name with it. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Assumed feminine as the species-group adjective longocirrata has a feminine suffix. Subsequent authors treated Cossura as feminine. [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]
Cossura longocirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Cossura longocirrat...
[image from typetaxon]

Cossura longocirrata Webster & Benedict, 1887
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Cossura longocirrat...
[image from typetaxon]

Cossura longocirrata
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Cossura longocirrata
[image from typetaxon]

Cossura longocirrata
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Cossura longocirrata
[image from typetaxon]