WoRMS taxon details

Balistidae Rafinesque, 1810

125607  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125607)

accepted
Family
Genus Abalistes Jordan & Seale, 1906
Genus Balistapus Tilesius, 1820
Genus Balistes Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes ellioti Day, 1889
  » Species Balistes polylepis Steindachner, 1876
  » Species Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes rotundatus Marion de Procé, 1822
  » Species Balistes vetula Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Balistes willughbeii Lay & Bennett, 1839
  » Species Balistes aculeatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Rhinecanthus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes adspersus Tschudi, 1846 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes albicaudatus Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Sufflamen albicaudatum (Rüppell, 1829)
  » Species Balistes americanus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes angulosus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes asperrimus Cope, 1871 accepted as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815)
  » Species Balistes assasi Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Balistes aurantiacus Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792)
  » Species Balistes auromarginatus Bennett, 1832 accepted as Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett, 1832)
  » Species Balistes australis Donovan, 1824 accepted as Meuschenia australis (Donovan, 1824)
  » Species Balistes ayraud Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Nelusetta ayraud (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Balistes azureus Lesson, 1831 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes bellus Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Balistes vetula Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Balistes biaculeatus Bloch, 1786 accepted as Triacanthus biaculeatus (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes brasiliensis Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes brevissimus Hollard, 1854 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes buniva Lacepède, 1803 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes bursa Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Sufflamen bursa (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes caerulescens Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes capistratus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Balistes caprinus Valenciennes, 1839 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes capriscus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 (ambiguous synonym; homonym)
  » Species Balistes carolinensis Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes carolinensis Gronow, 1854 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 (synonym)
  » Species Balistes chinensis Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck, 1765)
  » Species Balistes chrysopterus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes cicatricosus Poey, 1860 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes ciliaris Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes ciliatus Mitchill, 1818 accepted as Monacanthus ciliatus (Mitchill, 1818)
  » Species Balistes cinereus Bonnaterre, 1788 accepted as Rhinecanthus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  » Species Balistes conspicillum Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Balistoides conspicillum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes curassavicus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes cuspicauda Mitchill, 1818 accepted as Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792)
  » Species Balistes dichrostigma Duméril, 1861 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes echarpe Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798 accepted as Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (synonym)
  » Species Balistes elongatus Hollard, 1854 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes equestris Gronow, 1854 accepted as Balistes vetula Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Balistes erythrodon Günther, 1870 accepted as Odonus niger (Rüppell, 1836)
  » Species Balistes erythropterus (Fowler, 1946) accepted as Melichthys vidua (Richardson, 1845)
  » Species Balistes flavimarginatus Rüppell, 1829 accepted as Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1829) (synonym)
  » Species Balistes forcipatus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes fraenatus Latreille, 1804 accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Balistes freycineti Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Meuschenia freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Balistes fuliginosus DeKay, 1842 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes fuscolineatus Seale, 1901 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes fuscus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes granulata White, 1790 accepted as Scobinichthys granulatus (White, 1790)
  » Species Balistes granulosus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck, 1765)
  » Species Balistes guttatus Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes heckeli Müller, 1865 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes heckelii Müller, 1865 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Balistes heteracanthus Bleeker, 1859 accepted as Rhinecanthus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes hippocrepis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Meuschenia hippocrepis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Balistes hispidus Linnaeus, 1766 accepted as Stephanolepis hispidus (Linnaeus, 1766)
  » Species Balistes jacksonianus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Brachaluteres jacksonianus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
  » Species Balistes japonicus Tilesius, 1809 accepted as Paramonacanthus japonicus (Tilesius, 1809)
  » Species Balistes kib Montrouzier, 1857 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes kibitar Montrouzier, 1857 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes laevis Bloch, 1795 accepted as Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765)
  » Species Balistes liberiensis Steindachner, 1867 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes lima Bennett, 1832 accepted as Xanthichthys lima (Bennett, 1832)
  » Species Balistes lineatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Balistapus undulatus (Park, 1797)
  » Species Balistes lineopunctatus Hollard, 1854 accepted as Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard, 1854)
  » Species Balistes liturosus Shaw, 1804 accepted as Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765)
  » Species Balistes longissimus Hollard, 1854 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes longus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes macrolepis Boulenger, 1888 accepted as Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger, 1888)
  » Species Balistes macrops Poey, 1860 accepted as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815)
  » Species Balistes macropterus Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes maculatus Bloch, 1786 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes melanopterus Cope, 1871 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes mento Jordan & Gilbert, 1882 accepted as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
  » Species Balistes minimum Thiollière, 1857 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes minor Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Balistapus undulatus (Park, 1797)
  » Species Balistes mitis Bennett, 1832 accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804) (synonym)
  » Species Balistes monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes moribundus Cope, 1871 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes munumum Montrouzier, 1857 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes mylii Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1822 accepted as Monacanthus chinensis (Osbeck, 1765)
  » Species Balistes naufragium Jordan & Starks, 1895 accepted as Pseudobalistes naufragium (Jordan & Starks, 1895)
  » Species Balistes niger Bloch, 1786 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes nigromarginatus (Tanaka, 1908) accepted as Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes nitidus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes notatus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes oculatus Gray, 1831 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes ornatissimus Lesson, 1831 accepted as Rhinecanthus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes ornatus Marion de Procé, 1822 accepted as Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765) (synonym)
  » Species Balistes penicilligerus Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Chaetodermis penicilligerus (Cuvier, 1816)
  » Species Balistes phaleratus Richardson, 1846 accepted as Abalistes stellaris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes piceus Poey, 1863 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes porcatus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Balistapus undulatus (Park, 1797)
  » Species Balistes powellii Cope, 1870 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes radiata Bowdich, 1825 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789
  » Species Balistes radula Solander, 1848 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes rectangulus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes ringens Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Balistes ringens Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes rivulatus Rüppell, 1837 accepted as Pseudobalistes fuscus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Balistes rufus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Balistes sandwichiensis Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Cantherhines sandwichiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes scaber Forster, 1801 accepted as Meuschenia scaber (Forster, 1801) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes schoepfii Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Aluterus schoepfii (Walbaum, 1792) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes scolopax Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Macroramphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Species Balistes scopas Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Amanses scopas (Cuvier, 1829) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes scripta Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Balistes scriptus Osbeck, 1765 accepted as Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes senticosus Richardson, 1848 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes serraticornis Fréminville, 1813 accepted as Aluterus monoceros (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes sillone Le Danois, 1961 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes sobaco Poey, 1860 accepted as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes spilomelanurus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Acanthaluteres spilomelanurus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes spilotopterygius Walbaum, 1792 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes stellaris Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Abalistes stellaris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes stellatus Anonymous, 1798 accepted as Abalistes stellatus (Anonymous, 1798) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes sufflamen Mitchill, 1815 accepted as Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes taeniopterus Poey, 1860 accepted as Balistes capriscus Gmelin, 1789 (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes tomentosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acreichthys tomentosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes um Montrouzier, 1857 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes undulatus Park, 1797 accepted as Balistapus undulatus (Park, 1797) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes vachellii Richardson, 1845 accepted as Abalistes stellaris (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes verres Gilbert & Starks, 1904 accepted as Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes verrucosa Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Rhinecanthus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Balistes verrucosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Rhinecanthus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes verrucosus Gronow, 1854 accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes vidua Richardson, 1845 accepted as Melichthys vidua (Richardson, 1845) (unaccepted)
  » Species Balistes viridescens Bloch & Schneider, 1801 accepted as Balistoides viridescens (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (unaccepted)
Genus Balistoides Fraser-Brunner, 1935
Genus Canthidermis Swainson, 1839
  » Species Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger, 1888)
  » Species Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Canthidermis sufflamen (Mitchill, 1815)
  » Species Canthidermis longirostris Tortonese, 1956 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786) (synonym)
  » Species Canthidermis maculatus (Bloch, 1786) accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Canthidermis rotundatus (Marion de Procé, 1822) accepted as Balistes rotundatus Marion de Procé, 1822
  » Species Canthidermis senticosus (Richardson, 1848) accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Canthidermis villosus Fedoryako, 1979 accepted as Canthidermis macrolepis (Boulenger, 1888)
  » Species Canthidermis viola Herre, 1926 accepted as Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786)
  » Species Canthidermis willughbeii (Lay & Bennett, 1839) accepted as Balistes willughbeii Lay & Bennett, 1839
Genus Melichthys Swainson, 1839
Genus Odonus Gistel, 1848
Genus Pseudobalistes Bleeker, 1865
Genus Rhinecanthus Swainson, 1839
  » Species Rhinecanthus abyssus Matsuura & Shiobara, 1989
  » Species Rhinecanthus aculeatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Rhinecanthus cinereus (Bonnaterre, 1788)
  » Species Rhinecanthus lunula Randall & Steene, 1983
  » Species Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Rhinecanthus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Rhinecanthus assai (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
  » Species Rhinecanthus assasia (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Rhinecanthus assasi (Forsskål, 1775) (misspelling)
  » Species Rhinecanthus echarpe (Anonymous [Lacepède], 1798) accepted as Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Rhinecanthus rectangulatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (misspelling)
  » Species Rhinecanthus retangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (misspelling)
  » Species Rhinecanthus verrucasus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Rhinecanthus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  » Species Rhinecanthus verrucosa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Rhinecanthus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
Genus Sufflamen Jordan, 1916
  » Species Sufflamen albicaudatum (Rüppell, 1829)
  » Species Sufflamen bursa (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Sufflamen verres (Gilbert & Starks, 1904)
  » Species Sufflamen albicaudatus (Rüppell, 1829) accepted as Sufflamen albicaudatum (Rüppell, 1829)
  » Species Sufflamen albicaudus (Rüppell, 1829) accepted as Sufflamen albicaudatum (Rüppell, 1829) (misspelling)
  » Species Sufflamen capistratus (Shaw, 1804) accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Sufflamen chrysoptera (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) (misspelling)
  » Species Sufflamen chrysopterus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) accepted as Sufflamen chrysopterum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
  » Species Sufflamen fraenatus (Latreille, 1804) accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804)
  » Species Sufflamen freanatus (Latreille, 1804) accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804) (misspelling)
  » Species Sufflamen frenatus (Latreille, 1804) accepted as Sufflamen fraenatum (Latreille, 1804) (misspelling)
Genus Xanthichthys Kaup, 1856
  » Species Xanthichthys auromarginatus (Bennett, 1832)
  » Species Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama, 1978
  » Species Xanthichthys greenei Pyle & Earle, 2013
  » Species Xanthichthys lima (Bennett, 1832)
  » Species Xanthichthys lineopunctatus (Hollard, 1854)
  » Species Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
  » Species Xanthichthys ringens (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Xanthichthys caeuleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama, 1978 accepted as Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama, 1978 (misspelling)
  » Species Xanthichthys careuleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama, 1978 accepted as Xanthichthys caeruleolineatus Randall, Matsuura & Zama, 1978 (misspelling)
  » Species Xanthichthys gotonis Tanaka, 1918 accepted as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
  » Species Xanthichthys purus Tanaka, 1918 accepted as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
  » Species Xanthichthys surcatus de Buen, 1963 accepted as Xanthichthys mento (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
Genus Xenobalistes Matsuura, 1981

Genus Balistopus accepted as Balistapus Tilesius, 1820 (misspelling)
  » Species Balistopus undulatus (Park, 1797) accepted as Balistapus undulatus (Park, 1797) (misspelling)
Genus Balsistes accepted as Balistes Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
  » Species Balsistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789 accepted as Balistes punctatus Gmelin, 1789 (misspelling)
Genus Hemibalistes Fraser-Brunner, 1935 accepted as Sufflamen Jordan, 1916 (synonym)
Genus Melichtys accepted as Melichthys Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
Genus Melicthys accepted as Melichthys Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  » Species Melicthys niger (Bloch, 1786) accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786) (misspelling)
  » Species Melicthys radula (Solander, 1848) accepted as Melichthys niger (Bloch, 1786) (misspelling)
Genus Nematobalistes Fraser-Brunner, 1935 accepted as Balistes Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Oncobalistes Fowler, 1946 accepted as Melichthys Swainson, 1839
Genus Pachynathus Swainson, 1839 accepted as Sufflamen Jordan, 1916
Genus Rhineacanthus accepted as Rhinecanthus Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
Genus Xenodon Rüppell, 1836 accepted as Odonus Gistel, 1848
marine
Description Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually compressed body. Pelvic fins fused to one spine. First dorsal...  
Description Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually compressed body. Pelvic fins fused to one spine. First dorsal spine with locking mechanism. With 12 principal rays in caudal fin. 18 vertebrae. Upper jaw non-protrusible. Upper jaw usually with four teeth in outer and three in the inner series on each premaxillary. Capable of rotating eyeballs independently. Triggerfish normally swim by undulating their second dorsal and anal fins, but will use their tail for rapid bursts. Most triggerfishes are solitary diurnal carnivores. They lay demersal eggs in a nest which is aggressively guarded by the female. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Balistidae Rafinesque, 1810. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125607 on 2018-05-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
From other sources
Description Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Usually compressed body. Pelvic fins fused to one spine. First dorsal spine with locking mechanism. With 12 principal rays in caudal fin. 18 vertebrae. Upper jaw non-protrusible. Upper jaw usually with four teeth in outer and three in the inner series on each premaxillary. Capable of rotating eyeballs independently. Triggerfish normally swim by undulating their second dorsal and anal fins, but will use their tail for rapid bursts. Most triggerfishes are solitary diurnal carnivores. They lay demersal eggs in a nest which is aggressively guarded by the female. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English triggerfishes  [details]
Japanese モンガラカワハギ  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål avtrekkerfiskfamilien  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk avtrekkerfiskfamilien  [details]
Swedish tryckarfiskar  [details]