WoRMS taxon details

Echinidae Gray, 1825

123160  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123160)

accepted
Family
Genus Dermechinus Mortensen, 1942
Genus Echinus Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Echinus anchistus H.L. Clark, 1912
  » Species Echinus coglesi (Cotteau, 1880) †
  » Species Echinus dixoni Forbes, 1852 †
  » Species Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus depressa Süssbach & Breckner, 1910 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Echinus esculentus rufus Panning, 1923 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (misspelling)
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. fuscus Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Echinus esculentus fuscus Mortensen, 1903 (accepted at subspecies rank)
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 accepted as Echinus esculentus glacialis D'yakonov, 1923 (accepted at subspecies rank)
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. tenuispina Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (incorrect declination of infraspecific name)
    » Variety Echinus esculentus var. tenuispinus Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (accepted at species rank)
  » Species Echinus etheridgei A. Bell, 1898 †
  » Species Echinus euryporus H.L. Clark, 1912
  » Species Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904
    » Subspecies Echinus gilchristi hirsutus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus lamarcki Forbes, 1852 †
  » Species Echinus melo Lamarck, 1816
  » Species Echinus multicostatus Engel, 1941 †
  » Species Echinus multidentatus H.L. Clark, 1925
  » Species Echinus paucimiliaris Gregory, 1891 †
  » Species Echinus sphaeroides (Nyst, 1868) †
  » Species Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868
  » Species Echinus wallisi A. Agassiz, 1880
  » Species Echinus woodi Desor, 1855 †
  » Species Echinus colbeaui Cotteau, 1880 † (nomen dubium, known only from an internal mould (steinkern))
  » Species Echinus neglectus Lamarck, 1816 (nomen dubium, possible subjective junior synonym of Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis or S. pallidus)
  » Species Echinus subangulosus de Blainville, 1826 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Echinus lezaroides Perrier, 1869 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, treated as subjective junior synonym of Echinostrephus molaris by Mortensen (1943b: p. 311))
  » Species Echinus nortoni A. Bell & R. Bell, 1872 † (nomen nudum, unavailable since proposed without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))
  » Species Echinus rarispinus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (nomen nudum, manuscript name (for globular specimens of E. acutus norvegicus))
  » Species Echinus versicolor L. Agassiz, 1841 (nomen nudum, unavailable; mentioned in a list only; without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))
  » Species Echinus woodwardi Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 † (nomen nudum, unavailable since proposed without description, illustration, or indication (ICZN 1999 Article 12.1.))
  » Subgenus Echinus (Agarites) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Arbacia Gray, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Colobocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Colobocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
    » Species Echinus (Colobocentrotus) leskii Brandt, 1835 accepted as Colobocentrotus (Colobocentrotus) mertensii Brandt, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Colobocentrotus) mertensii Brandt, 1835 accepted as Colobocentrotus (Colobocentrotus) mertensii Brandt, 1835 (Colobocentrotus accepted at genus rank)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Heterocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Heterocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
    » Species Echinus (Heterocentrotus) postelsii Brandt, 1835 accepted as Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Heterocentrotus) taenitanus Brandt, 1835 accepted as Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Psammechinus) L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Psammechinus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (accepted at genus rank)
    » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) chloroticus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Evechinus chloroticus (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Evechinus)
    » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) korenii Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) microtuberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (transferred to Psammechinus)
    » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) semituberculatus Valenciennes in L. Agassiz, 1846 accepted as Lytechinus semituberculatus (Valenciennes in L. Agassiz, 1846) (transferred to Lytechinus)
    » Species Echinus (Psammechinus) verruculatus Lütken, 1864 accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (transferred to Nudechinus)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Strongylocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 accepted as Strongylocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (accepted at genus rank)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Toxopneustes) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Toxopneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (accepted at genus rank)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) duebenii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 (nomen dubium, possible subjective junior synonym of Strongylocentrotus pallidus)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) neglectus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Echinus neglectus Lamarck, 1816
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) albidus (L. Agassiz, 1841) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) brevispinosus (Blainville, 1825) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) complanatus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) concavus L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) delalandi L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris erythrogramma (Valenciennes, 1846) (subjective junior synonym)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) dübenii L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) gibbosus L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Caenocentrotus gibbosus (L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) (transferred to Caenocentrosus)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) granularis (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Sphaerechinus)
    » Species Echinus (Toxopneustes) lividus (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
  » Subgenus Echinus (Tripneustes) L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Tripneustes L. Agassiz, 1841 (accepted at genus rank)
    » Species Echinus (Tripneustes) sardica auct. accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (misidentification)
  » Species Echinus aciculatus Hupé, 1857 accepted as Paracentrotus gaimardi (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus acufer de Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
    » Subspecies Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 represented as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816
    » Subspecies Echinus acutus flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Echinus acutus mediterraneus Mortensen, 1906 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Subspecies Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus acutus norvegicus (Düben & Koren, 1844) (parent taxon transferred to Gracilechinus)
    » Variety Echinus acutus var. flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Variety Echinus acutus var. mediterranea Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Echinus acutus mediterraneus Mortensen, 1906 (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)
    » Variety Echinus acutus var. mediterraneus Diakonov, 1923 accepted as Echinus acutus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
    » Variety Echinus acutus var. norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844
  » Species Echinus aequituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus affinis Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Gracilechinus affinis (Mortensen, 1903) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus albidus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus albocinctus Hutton, 1872 accepted as Pseudechinus albocinctus (Hutton, 1872) (transferred to Pseudechinus)
  » Species Echinus albus Molina, 1782 accepted as Loxechinus albus (Molina, 1782) (transferred to Loxechinus)
  » Species Echinus alexandri Danielssen & Koren, 1883 accepted as Gracilechinus alexandri (Danielssen & Koren, 1883) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus alternatus Deslongchamps, 1824 accepted as Echinus atternatus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 (misspelling)
  » Species Echinus angulosus A. Agassiz, 1872 accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (subjective junior synonym; junior homonym (non Echinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) = Parechinus angulosus))
    » Subspecies Echinus angulosus minor (Leske, 1778) accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus armatus de Meijere, 1903 accepted as Selenechinus armatus (de Meijere, 1902) (transferred to Selenechinus)
  » Species Echinus atlanticus Mortensen, 1903 accepted as Gracilechinus atlanticus (Mortensen, 1903)
    » Subspecies Echinus atlanticus helenae Mortensen, 1942
    » Variety Echinus atlanticus var. helenae Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Echinus atlanticus helenae Mortensen, 1942 (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)
  » Species Echinus atratus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Podophora atrata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Podophora)
  » Species Echinus atternatus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus aurantiacus accepted as Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 (misspelling)
  » Species Echinus auranticus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus auritus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778 (unaccepted combination)
  » Species Echinus basteri Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus biforis Gmelin, 1778 accepted as Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus blainvillei Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus brevispinosus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus calamaris Pallas, 1774 accepted as Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (tranferred to Echinothrix)
  » Species Echinus calamarus Pallas, 1774 accepted as Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774) (transferred to Echinothrix)
  » Species Echinus cantaber Lambert & Thiéry, 1914 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus carinatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus castaneus Perry, 1810 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus charlesworthi Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus charlesworthi (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus chlorocentrotus Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus chloroticus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Evechinus chloroticus (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Evechinus)
  » Species Echinus cidaris Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cidaris cidaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Cidaris)
  » Species Echinus cordatum Pennant, 1777 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
  » Species Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777 accepted as Echinocardium cordatum (Pennant, 1777) (transferred to Echinocardium)
  » Species Echinus coronalis (Leske, 1778) accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus darnleyensis Tenison-Woods, 1878 accepted as Nudechinus darnleyensis (Tenison-Woods, 1878) (transferred to Nudechinus)
  » Species Echinus decadactylos Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Heliophora orbiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus decoratus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus depressus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Toxopneustes maculatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus depressus G.O. Sars, 1871 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus diadema Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinothrix diadema (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Echinothrix)
  » Species Echinus disjunctus von Martens, 1866 accepted as Pseudocentrotus depressus (A. Agassiz, 1864) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus dröbachiensis O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
  » Species Echinus droebachiensis O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
  » Species Echinus dubius Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus dufresnii Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia dufresnii (Blainville, 1825)
  » Species Echinus elegans Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Gracilechinus elegans (Düben & Koren, 1844) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus elevatus Hutton, 1872 accepted as Amblypneustes elevatus (Hutton, 1872) (transferred to Amblypneustes)
  » Species Echinus emarginatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Encope emarginata (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Encope)
  » Species Echinus equituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling for Echinus aequituberculatus)
  » Species Echinus erythrogrammus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris erythrogramma (Valenciennes, 1846) (transferred to Heliocidaris)
  » Species Echinus eſculentus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus excavatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus fasciatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus flemingii Forbes, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus fueginus Philippi, 1898 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus gaimardi Blainville, 1825 accepted as Paracentrotus gaimardi (Blainville, 1825) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
  » Species Echinus globiformis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus globulus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Mespilia)
  » Species Echinus gracilis A. Agassiz, 1869 accepted as Gracilechinus gracilis (A. Agassiz, 1869) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus grandinosus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus grandis Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Plagiobrissus grandis (Gmelin, 1791) (transferred to Plagiobrissus)
  » Species Echinus granularis de Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Sphaerechinus)
  » Species Echinus granularis Say, 1827 non Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Strongylocentrotus Brandt, 1835 (misidentification (possibly a Strongylocentrotus pallidus according to Jensen, 1974))
  » Species Echinus granulatus Gould, 1841 accepted as Strongylocentrotus pallidus (Sars G.O., 1872) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus gratilla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Tripneustes)
  » Species Echinus griseus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Amblypneustes ovum (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus henslowi Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus henslowi (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus hexaporus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Leodia sexiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus hirsuta Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus hirsutus Döderlein, 1905 accepted as Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904 (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus horridus A. Agassiz, 1879 accepted as Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879)
  » Species Echinus huttoni (Benham, 1908) accepted as Pseudechinus huttoni Benham, 1908 (unaccepted combination)
  » Species Echinus inflatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Schizaster lacunosus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Echinus lacunoſus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus lacunosus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus laganoides Desor in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus laganum (Leske, 1778) accepted as Laganum laganum (Leske, 1778) (transferred to Laganum)
  » Species Echinus leschenaulti Blainville, 1825 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus lithophagus Leach in Tilloch, 1812 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (nomen nudum)
  » Species Echinus lividus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Paracentrotus)
  » Species Echinus lixula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Arbacia)
  » Species Echinus lobatulus Walker & Jacob, 1798 accepted as Cibicides lobatulus (Walker & Jacob, 1798) (foraminiferan erroneously identified as an echinoid)
  » Species Echinus lobatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus loculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus lucidus Döderlein, 1885 accepted as Gracilechinus lucidus (Döderlein, 1885) (transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus lucunter Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Echinometra)
  » Species Echinus lyelli Forbes, 1852 † accepted as Psammechinus lyelli (Forbes, 1852) † (transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus maculatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes maculatus (Lamarck, 1816) (transferred to Toxopneustes)
  » Species Echinus maculosus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus magellanicus Philippi, 1857 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (transferred to Pseudechinus)
  » Species Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Heterocentrotus)
  » Species Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Species Echinus margaritaceus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (unaccepted, nomen dubium)
  » Species Echinus mathaei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted)
  » Species Echinus maugei Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra lucunter (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus microstoma Thomson, 1872 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus microtuberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Psammechinus)
    » Subspecies Echinus microtuberculatus bivalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for tetraploid individuals; not formally made available)
    » Subspecies Echinus microtuberculatus univalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for diploid individuals; not formally made available)
    » Variety Echinus microtuberculatus var. bivalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for tetraploid individuals; not formally made available)
    » Variety Echinus microtuberculatus var. univalens accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (nomen nudum, name for diploid individuals; not formally made available)
  » Species Echinus miliaris P.L.S. Müller, 1771 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, transferred to Psammechinus)
  » Species Echinus minimus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus minutus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus mola Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Species Echinus molaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinostrephus molaris (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted)
  » Species Echinus multicolor Yoshiwara, 1898 accepted as Nudechinus multicolor (Yoshiwara, 1898) (unaccepted, transferred to Nudechinus)
  » Species Echinus neapolitanus Delle Chiaje, 1825 accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus neumayeri Meisser, 1900 accepted as Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900) (unaccepted, transferred to Sterechinus)
  » Species Echinus niger Molina, 1782 accepted as Tetrapygus niger (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, transferred to Tetrapygus)
  » Species Echinus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Echinus acutus norvegicus Düben & Koren, 1844 (unaccepted, reduced to subspecies rank )
  » Species Echinus nysti Cotteau, 1880 † accepted as Gracilechinus gracilis nysti Cotteau, 1880 † (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus and accepted at subspecies rank)
  » Species Echinus oblonga accepted as Echinus oblongus Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Echinus oblongus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinometra mathaei oblonga (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Echinometra)
  » Species Echinus octodactylos Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Rotula deciesdigitatus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus olisiponensis Forbes in Sharpe, 1850 † accepted as Micropedina olisiponensis (Forbes in Sharpe, 1850) † (unaccepted, transferred to Micropedina)
  » Species Echinus omalostoma Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Heliocidaris tuberculata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus orbiculus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Heliophora orbiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Heliophora)
  » Species Echinus oviformis Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Echinolampas ovata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus ovum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Amblypneustes ovum (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Amblypneustes)
  » Species Echinus pallidus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Amblypneustes pallidus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Amblypneustes)
  » Species Echinus parvituberculatus Blainville, 1834 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus paucituberculatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pedifer Blainville, 1825 accepted as Podophora pedifer (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, transferred to Colobocentrotus (Podophora))
  » Species Echinus pentagonus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pentaporus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mellita quinquiesperforata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus peronii Blainville, 1825 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pictus (Norman, 1869) accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pileolus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted)
  » Species Echinus placenta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arachnoides placenta (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Arachnoides)
  » Species Echinus polyzonalis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus porosus Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Loxechinus albus (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pseudomelo Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pseudo-melo Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus pseudomelo Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.3. - removal of hyphen))
  » Species Echinus pulchellus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus microtuberculatus (Blainville, 1825) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pulvinulus Pennant, 1812 accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus punctiferus Bory de Saint Vincent in Bruguière, 1827 accepted as Mespilia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus punctulatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Arbacia punctulata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
  » Species Echinus purpuratus Stimpson, 1857 accepted as Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Stimpson, 1857) (unaccepted, transferred to Strongylocentrotus)
  » Species Echinus purpurescens Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Tetrapygus niger (Molina, 1782) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus purpureus Risso, 1826 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Echinocyamus pusillus (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, transferred to Echinocyamus)
  » Species Echinus pustulatus L. Agassiz, 1841 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus pustulosus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Arbacia lixula (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus quinquangulosus accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Echinus quinqueangulatus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus quinqueangulosus accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Echinus quoy Blainville, 1825 accepted as Colobocentrotus (Podophora) atratus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus quoyi Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus quoy Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted, incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Species Echinus radiatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, transferred to Astropyga)
  » Species Echinus reticulatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Clypeaster reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, tranferred to Clypeaster)
  » Species Echinus robillardi de Loriol, 1883 accepted as Gymnechinus robillardi (de Loriol, 1883) (unaccepted, transferred to Gymnechinus)
  » Species Echinus rosaceus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Clypeaster rosaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Clypeaster)
  » Species Echinus roſaceus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus rosaceus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus sardicus sensu Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Echinus acutus Lamarck, 1816 (unaccepted, misidentification)
  » Species Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym - but see below in notes section)
  » Species Echinus schwartzii Nilsson, 1817 accepted as Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 (unaccepted, misspelling)
  » Species Echinus sculptus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus spatagus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Metalia spatagus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Metalia)
  » Species Echinus spatuliger Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Arbacia spatuligera (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
  » Species Echinus sphaera O.F. Müller, 1776 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus sphaeroides Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Salmacis sphaeroides (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, transferred to Salmacis)
  » Species Echinus stellatus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Arbacia stellata (Blainville, 1825; ?Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, transferred to Arbacia)
  » Species Echinus stenoporus Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Gracilechinus stenoporus (Mortensen, 1942) (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus subangularis Fleming, 1829 accepted as Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis (O.F. Müller, 1776) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus subangulosus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Parechinus angulosus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus subcaeruleus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus subglobiformis Blainville, 1825 accepted as Sphaerechinus granularis (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus swartzii Nilsson & Holst, 1817 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus ſaxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus saxatilis Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus ſpatagus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus spatagus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus ſphæroides Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Echinus sphaeroides Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, incorrect original spelling (ICZN 4th ed., Art. 32.5.))
  » Species Echinus tenuispina Norman, 1868 accepted as Echinus tenuispinus Norman, 1868 (unaccepted, incorrect declination of species name)
  » Species Echinus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus trigonarius Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Heterocentrotus trigonarius (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Heterocentrotus)
  » Species Echinus tuberculatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Heliocidaris tuberculata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Heliocidaris)
  » Species Echinus tylodes H.L. Clark, 1912 accepted as Gracilechinus tylodes (H.L. Clark, 1912) (unaccepted, transferred to Gracilechinus)
  » Species Echinus variegatus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Lytechinus)
  » Species Echinus variegatus (Leske, 1778) accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Stomopneustes)
  » Species Echinus ventricosus Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tripneustes ventricosus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, transferred to Tripneustes)
  » Species Echinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) accepted as Nudechinus verruculatus (Lütken, 1864) (unaccepted, transferred to Nudechinus)
  » Species Echinus violaceus Blainville, 1825 accepted as Echinus esculentus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus virens Düben & Koren, 1844 accepted as Psammechinus miliaris (P.L.S. Müller, 1771) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus virgatus Des Moulins, 1837 accepted as Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
  » Species Echinus vulgaris Blainville, 1825 accepted as Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, subjective junior synonym)
Genus Gracilechinus Fell & Pawson in Moore, 1966
  » Species Gracilechinus acutus (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Gracilechinus affinis (Mortensen, 1903)
  » Species Gracilechinus alexandri (Danielssen & Koren, 1883)
  » Species Gracilechinus atlanticus (Mortensen, 1903)
  » Species Gracilechinus elegans (Düben & Koren, 1844)
  » Species Gracilechinus gracilis (A. Agassiz, 1869)
  » Species Gracilechinus lucidus (Döderlein, 1885)
  » Species Gracilechinus stenoporus (Mortensen, 1942)
  » Species Gracilechinus tylodes (H.L. Clark, 1912)
  » Species Gracilechinus multidentatus (H.L. Clark, 1925) accepted as Echinus multidentatus H.L. Clark, 1925 (holotype morphology does not support transfer to Gracilechinus)
Genus Polyechinus Mortensen, 1942
Genus Sterechinus Koehler, 1901
  » Species Sterechinus agassizii Mortensen, 1910
  » Species Sterechinus antarcticus Koehler, 1901
  » Species Sterechinus dentifer Koehler, 1926
  » Species Sterechinus diadema (Studer, 1876)
  » Species Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner, 1900)
    » Subspecies Sterechinus neumayeri nigroalba Mortensen, 1942
    » Variety Sterechinus neumayeri var. nigroalba Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Sterechinus neumayeri nigroalba Mortensen, 1942 (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)
    » Variety Sterechinus neumayeri var. nigro-alba Mortensen, 1942 accepted as Sterechinus neumayeri nigroalba Mortensen, 1942 (incorrect original spelling (mandatory changed according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 32.5.2.1.))
  » Species Sterechinus agassizi Mortensen, 1910 accepted as Sterechinus agassizii Mortensen, 1910 (misspelling)
  » Species Sterechinus bernasconiae Larrain, 1975 accepted as Gracilechinus multidentatus (H.L. Clark, 1925) (junior subjective synonym)
  » Species Sterechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) accepted as Dermechinus horridus (A. Agassiz, 1879) (transferred to Dermechinus)
  » Species Sterechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) accepted as Pseudechinus magellanicus (Philippi, 1857) (transferred to Pseudechinus)
Genus Stirechinus Desor, 1856 †
  » Species Stirechinus minor †
    » Subspecies Stirechinus minor couffoni Cottreau, 1933 †
    » Variety Stirechinus minor var. couffoni Cottreau, 1933 † accepted as Stirechinus minor couffoni Cottreau, 1933 † (Infrasubspecific taxon that is to be treated as a subspecies according to ICZN 4th Ed. Article 45.6.4)

Genus Atactus Pomel, 1883 † (nomen dubium, original description inadequate)

Genus Echino accepted as Echinus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
  » Subgenus Echino (Colobocentroto) accepted as Echinus (Colobocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 (misspelling)
    » Species Echino (Colobocentroto) leskii Brandt, 1835 accepted as Echinus (Colobocentrotus) leskii Brandt, 1835 (misspelling of generic name)
Genus Echinum accepted as Echinus Linnaeus, 1758 (misspelling)
  » Subgenus Echinum (Heterocentrotum) accepted as Echinus (Heterocentrotus) Brandt, 1835 (misspelling)
Genus Styrechinus Desor, 1856 † accepted as Stirechinus Desor, 1856 † (incorrect original spelling (as selected by First Reviser ICZN 4th ed., Art. 24.2.3.))
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Echinidae Gray, 1825. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123160 on 2018-05-24
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-08-31 07:25:31Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Kroh, A. & Smith, A.B. (2010): The phylogeny and classification of post-Palaeozoic echinoids. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 8/2: 147-212., available online at http://www.informaworld.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1477-2019&volume=8&issue=2&spage=147
page(s): 171 [details]   

identification resource Smith, A.B. 2013. Key to the genera of Echinoida. In: Smith, A.B. & Kroh, A. (editors) The Echinoid Directory. World Wide Web electronic publication., available online at http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/echinoid-directory/taxa/key.jsp?id=360 [details]   
 



LanguageName 
Japanese ホンウニ  [details]
Swedish taggsjöborrar  [details]