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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosoma Sars G.O., 1911 
AphiaID: 115191

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArthropoda (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrustacea (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMulticrustacea (Superclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCopepoda (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeocopepoda (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPodoplea (Superorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarpacticoida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmeiridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosoma (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosomella Strand, 1929
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosoma sordidum Sars G.O., 1911 (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmeiridae Boeck, 1865
source of synonymy Huys, R. (2009). Unresolved cases of type fixation, synonymy and homonymy in harpacticoid copepod nomenclature (Crustacea: Copepoda). Zootaxa. 2183:1-99., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/2/zt02183p099.pdf [details]

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Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosoma sordidum Sars G.O., 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosomella sordidum (Sars G.O., 1911) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosomella sordida (Sars G.O., 1911)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosoma stryx Por, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnoplosomella stryx (Por, 1964)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Links Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor3x5 C.B. Wilson Taxonomic Card - Anoplosoma Document hosted within WoRMS 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy 
Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c (Family Ameiridae)
Sars (1911c: 431) established the genus Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c for a new species A. sordidum Sars, 1911c (type by monotypy) and placed it in the Ancorabolidae. Lang (1944, 1948) transferred the genus to the Ameiridae (subfamily Stenocopiinae) while Por (1964a: 99) added a second species, A. stryx Por, 1964a. Sars (1911c) himself used two different spellings for the generic name, Anoplosoma in the heading of the generic diagnosis (p. 431) and the figure legend of Supplement Plate 49, and Anaplosoma in the combination with the type species name in the text (p. 432). The latter spelling was adopted by some authors (e.g. Pesta 1927: 41) but should be ranked as an incorrect original spelling (lapsus calami) since Sars (1911c: 432) clearly stated “... it is from this character [the absence of any obvious armature on the body; Greek anoplos, meaning unarmed] that the generic name here proposed has been derived...”.
Strand (1929: 9) pointed out that Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c was preoccupied by Anoplosoma Agassiz, 1846 and proposed the new replacement name Anoplosomella. This nomen novum has not been cited since and does not feature in Boxshall and Halsey’s (2004) list of unused generic names. Agassiz (1846: 25, 1848: 70) corrected the spelling of Anoplosomatum Grube, 1840 (type species: Anoplosomatum utriculus Grube, 1840) to Anoplosoma. According to ICZN Arts 32.2 and 32.5, Grube’s (1840: 47) spelling of the name Anoplosomatum is the correct original one and hence Agassiz’s subsequent spelling is an unjustified emendation (Art. 33.2.3). Anoplosoma Agassiz, 1846 therefore becomes a junior objective synonym (as an unnecessary replacement name) of Anoplosomatum Grube, 1840 and can enter into homonymy with other genus-group names. There are only a few citations of Grube’s genus in the literature and all use the original spelling without reference to Agassiz’s subsequent spelling (e.g. Siebold 1845: 321; Diesing 1859: 754, 766). Initially thought to represent a “transition” from the Echinodermata to the worms, Baird (1868: 99) subsequently listed Anoplosomatum under “Genera of Sipunculidae not sufficiently established, and the position of which is doubtful” before Delage and Hérouard (1897: 24) eventually considered it a synonym of Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828 (Sipuncula: Phascolosomatidae).
Although the senior homonym has not been used as a valid name after 1899 (ICZN Art., the generic name Anoplosoma Sars, 1911c cannot be maintained as a nomen protectum on the basis of prevailing usage since it has not been used in at least 25 works, published by at least 10 authors since 1960 (i.e. the immediately preceding 50 years) (ICZN Art. Strand’s (1929: 9) replacement of it by Anoplosomella Strand, 1929 is confirmed, and the resulting new combinations must be cited as Anoplosomella sordida (Sars, 1911c) comb. nov. [type] and A. stryx (Por, 1964a) comb. nov. Note that the former is formally treated here as a new combination since Strand (1929) had not mentioned the type species Anoplosoma sordidum when he proposed the replacement name Anoplosomella.
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Anoplosoma sordidum from Sars, G.O. 1911
Anoplosoma sordidum fr...
[image from typetaxon]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:115191
Edit history
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Huys, Rony
2008-09-06 11:40:36Z  changed  Walter, T. Chad
2009-09-29 23:54:45Z  changed  Walter, T. Chad
2015-02-23 08:14:28Z  changed  Walter, T. Chad
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  Citation: Walter, T. Chad; Huys, R. (2015). Anoplosoma Sars G.O., 1911. In: Walter, T.C. & Boxshall, G. (2016). World of Copepods database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=115191 on 2016-09-30
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