WoRMS taxon details

Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour, 1925) Balech, 1995

109714  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109714)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Lebour, M.V. (1925). The Dinoflagellates of Northern Seas. The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 250 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Tamar estuary  
type locality contained in Tamar estuary [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52014  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52014 [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour, 1925) Balech, 1995. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109714 on 2018-05-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-07-27 06:59:07Z
changed
Camba Reu, Cibran
2008-03-27 13:16:17Z
checked
2010-10-27 09:50:34Z
changed
2015-01-28 10:01:15Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Lebour, M.V. (1925). The Dinoflagellates of Northern Seas. The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 250 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Scott, F.J.; Marchant, H.J. (Ed.). (2005). Antarctic marine protists. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra. ISBN 0-642-56835-9. 563 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Balech, E. 1995. The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). Sherkin Island Marine Station, Sherkin Island, Co. Cork, Ireland, 151. [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

additional source Balech, E. (2002). Dinoflagelados tecados tóxicos en el Cono Sur Americano. En: SAR, E.A., FERRARIO, M.E. & REGUERA, B. (Eds.). Floraciones Algales Nocivas en el Cono Sur Americano. Instituto Español de Oceanografía. pp. 123-144. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription John, U., Litaker, R.W, Montresor, M., Murray, S., Brosnahan,M.L., Anderson, D.M. (2014). Formal Revision of the Alexandrium tamarense Species Complex (Dinophyceae) Taxonomy: The Introduction of Five Species with Emphasis on Molecular-based (rDNA) Classification. Protist. 165: 779-804., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protis.2014.10.001 [details]   

new combination reference Balech, E. (1985). The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarensis group. In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White and D.G. Baden (Eds.) Toxic Dinoflagellates. New York: Elsevier. P. 33–38. [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

new combination reference  (ofGonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech, 1971) Balech, E. (1971). Microplancton del Atlántico Ecuatorial Oeste (Equalant I). Servicio de Hidrografia Naval. H 654: 1-103, 12 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis Lebour, 1925) Balech, E. (1977). Cuatro especies de Gonyaulax sensu lato, y consideraciones sobre el género (Dinoflagellata). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (Hidrobiología). 5(6): 115-136, 3 pl. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis var. excavata T.Braarud, 1945) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis var. excavata T.Braarud, 1945) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofGonyaulax tamarensis var. excavata T.Braarud, 1945) Brandt, S. (2001). Dinoflagellates, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 47-53 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium excavatum (Braarud) Balech & Tangen, 1985) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium excavatum (Braarud) Balech & Tangen, 1985) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlexandrium excavatum (Braarud) Balech & Tangen, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofAlexandrium excavatum (Braarud) Balech & Tangen, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAlexandrium excavatum (Braarud) Balech & Tangen, 1985) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofGessnerium tamarensis (Lebour) Loeblich III & L.Loeblich, 1979) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofGessnerium tamarensis (Lebour) Loeblich III & L.Loeblich, 1979) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source  (ofGessnerium tamarensis (Lebour) Loeblich III & L.Loeblich, 1979) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtogonyaulax tamarensis (Lebour) F.J.R.Taylor, 1979) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofProtogonyaulax tamarensis (Lebour) F.J.R.Taylor, 1979) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofProtogonyaulax excavata (Braarud) F.J.R.Taylor, 1979) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

context source (HKRMS) City University of Hong Kong.(2008). Provision of Services for data analysis of phytoplankton community of Hong Kong marine waters. Final report. Submitted to the Environmental Protection Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Unknown type CCMP115, locality Tamar estuary [details]
From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:52014 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Aegean Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in South Atlantic Ocean (IHO Sea Area) : Disperses through water column, tides, and in ships ballast. [details]

Toxicology For a discussion of the species in the tamarense group, see under A. catenella. John et al. (2014) have suggested that the name A. tamarense be applied to isolates belonging to Group II. With this concept A. tamarense would be a harmless species.  [details]