WoRMS taxon details

Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960

109711  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109711)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Halim Y. (1960). Alexandrium minutum, n. gen. n. sp. dinoflagellé provocant des “eaux rouges”. Vie et Milieu. 11: 102-105. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Alexandria Harbour  
type locality contained in Alexandria Harbour [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213 [details]

status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported over a very large geographical area and as some of these are...  
status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported over a very large geographical area and as some of these are morphologically very different, particularly in the ornamentation of the plates, it is likely that more than one species is involved. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109711 on 2018-07-17
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-10-13 07:41:27Z
changed
2010-10-15 10:00:54Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description Halim Y. (1960). Alexandrium minutum, n. gen. n. sp. dinoflagellé provocant des “eaux rouges”. Vie et Milieu. 11: 102-105. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Hallegraeff G.M., Steffensen D.A. & Wetherbee R. 1988. Three estuarine Australian dinoflagellates that can produce paralytic shellfish toxins. J. Plankton Res. 10: 533-541. [details]   

additional source Balech, E. 1995. The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). Sherkin Island Marine Station, Sherkin Island, Co. Cork, Ireland, 151. [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

redescription Balech, E. 1989. Redescription of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. Phycologia 28:206-11. [details]   

toxicology source Chang F.H., Anderson D.M., Kulis D.M. & Till D.G. 1997. Toxin production of Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae) from the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Toxicon 35: 393-409. [details]   

toxicology source Oshima Y., Hirota M., Yasumoto T., Hallegraeff G.M., Blackburn S.I. & Steffensen D.A. 1989. Production of paralytic shellfish toxins by the dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum Halim from Australia. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 55: 925. [details]   

toxicology source Franco J.M., Fernandez P. & Reguera B. 1994. Toxin profiles of natural population and cultures of Alexandrium minutum Halim from Galician (Spain) coastal waters. J. Appl. Phycol. 6: 275-279.

 [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium ibericum Balech, 1985) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium ibericum Balech, 1985) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlexandrium ibericum Balech, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofAlexandrium ibericum Balech, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAlexandrium ibericum Balech, 1985) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofAlexandrium lusitanicum Balech, 1985) Franco, J.M.; Fraga, S.; Zapata, M.; Bravo, I.; Fernández, P.; Ramilo, I. (1995). Comparison between different strains of genus Alexandrium of the minutum group. In: Harmful Marine Algal Blooms. P. Lassus et al (Eds.) Lavoisier, Intercept Ltd. PP. 53-58.  [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

basis of record  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

source of synonymy  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world’s oceans. Acta Bot. Croat. 64(1): 129-212. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source  (ofAlexandrium angustitabulatum F.J.R.Taylor, 1995) Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

basis of record  (ofPyrodinium minutum (Halim) Taylor) Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source  (ofPyrodinium minutum (Halim) Taylor) Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Producer of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Swedish part of the Skagerrak (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Indian Ocean (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported over a very large geographical area and as some of these are morphologically very different, particularly in the ornamentation of the plates, it is likely that more than one species is involved. [details]