WoRMS taxon details

Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960

109711  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:109711)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Halim Y. (1960). Alexandrium minutum, n. gen. n. sp. dinoflagellé provocant des “eaux rouges”. <em>Vie et Milieu.</em> 11: 102-105. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Alexandria Harbour  
type locality contained in Alexandria Harbour [details]
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213 [details]

Status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported globally, covering all continents except Antarctica. Some of these are...  
Status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported globally, covering all continents except Antarctica. Some of these are morphologically somewhat different, and differences in ribosomal gene sequences are also known. It is possible that the reports refer to more than one species or perhaps to subspecies of the same species. [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Alexandrium minutum Halim, 1960. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=109711 on 2018-12-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-10-13 07:41:27Z
changed
2010-10-15 10:00:54Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description Halim Y. (1960). Alexandrium minutum, n. gen. n. sp. dinoflagellé provocant des “eaux rouges”. <em>Vie et Milieu.</em> 11: 102-105. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2018). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

additional source Tomas, C.R. (Ed.). (1997). Identifying marine phytoplankton. Academic Press: San Diego, CA [etc.] (USA). ISBN 0-12-693018-X. XV, 858 pp., available online at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780126930184 [details]   

additional source Hallegraeff G.M., Steffensen D.A. & Wetherbee R. 1988. Three estuarine Australian dinoflagellates that can produce paralytic shellfish toxins. J. Plankton Res. 10: 533-541. [details]   

additional source Balech, E. 1995. The Genus <i>Alexandrium</i> Halim (Dinoflagellata). Sherkin Island Marine Station, Sherkin Island, Co. Cork, Ireland, 151. [details]   

additional source Moestrup, Ø., Akselman, R., Cronberg, G., Elbraechter, M., Fraga, S., Halim, Y., Hansen, G., Hoppenrath, M., Larsen, J., Lundholm, N., Nguyen, L. N., Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae., available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/HAB [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lakkis, S. (2011). Le phytoplancton marin du Liban (Méditerranée orientale): biologie, biodiversité, biogéographie. Aracne: Roma. ISBN 978-88-548-4243-4. 293 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Chang, F.H.; Charleston, W.A.G.; McKenna, P.B.; Clowes, C.D.; Wilson, G.J.; Broady, P.A. (2012). Phylum Myzozoa: dinoflagellates, perkinsids, ellobiopsids, sporozoans, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2012). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. pp. 175-216. [details]   

redescription Balech, E. 1989. Redescription of <i>Alexandrium minutum</i> (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus <i>Alexandrium</i>. Phycologia 28:206-11. [details]   

toxicology source Chang F.H., Anderson D.M., Kulis D.M. & Till D.G. 1997. Toxin production of <i>Alexandrium minutum</i> (Dinophyceae) from the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. Toxicon 35: 393-409. [details]   

toxicology source Oshima Y., Hirota M., Yasumoto T., Hallegraeff G.M., Blackburn S.I. & Steffensen D.A. 1989. Production of paralytic shellfish toxins by the dinoflagellate <i>Alexandrium minutum</i> Halim from Australia. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 55: 925. [details]   

toxicology source Franco J.M., Fernandez P. & Reguera B. 1994. Toxin profiles of natural population and cultures of <i>Alexandrium minutum</i> Halim from Galician (Spain) coastal waters. J. Appl. Phycol. 6: 275-279.<br><br>  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:47213 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect Producer of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins. Both toxic and non-toxic strains are known. Toxic strains fall into 5 different clusters with different toxin profiles, some of which are grouped geographically while others are widespread. See Lewis et al. (2018) for a review [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Swedish part of the Skagerrak (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Indian Ocean (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Australian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) : May be transported in water currents, ballast water and solid ballast. [details]

Status Cells identified as A. minutum have been reported globally, covering all continents except Antarctica. Some of these are morphologically somewhat different, and differences in ribosomal gene sequences are also known. It is possible that the reports refer to more than one species or perhaps to subspecies of the same species. [details]