WoRMS source details

Thandar, A.S. (1991). The Cucumariid holothurians of southern Africa with the erection of a new genus. S. Afr. J. Zool. 26(3): 115 - 139.
6121
Publication
the southern African dendrochirotid holothurians of the family Cucumariidae (sensu Pawson & Fell, 1965) are revised and a new genus Pseudoaslia is erected to accommpdate Cucumaria tetracentriophora Heding, 1938, which possesses a combination of slender forked rods and four-holed knobbed buttons as body wall deposits. In addition, Pentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 is declared a synonym of Ocnus capensis (Theél, 1886); Cucumaria rigidapeda Cherbonnier, 1952 and C. corbula Cherbonnier, 1953 are referred respectively to the general Trachythyone and Ocnus; and Pseudocolochirus violaceus Theél, 1886 and a specimen tentatively referred to as Trachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875) are recorded for the first time from southern Africa. These changes result in the total number of cucumariid holothurians now known from southern Africa to 10 genera and 18 species. All species are keyed, briefly described and/or discussed, and their local distributions mapped.
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Aslia Rowe, 1970 (additional source)
Aslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) (additional source)
Cucumaria capensis Théel, 1886 accepted as Ocnus capensis (Théel, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria corbula Cherbonnier, 1953 accepted as Ocnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria deichmanni Cherbonnier, 1952 accepted as Roweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria frauenfeldi Ludwig, 1882 accepted as Roweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria improvisa Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Trachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria rigidapeda Cherbonnier, 1952 accepted as Trachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria spyridophora Clark, 1923 accepted as Aslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Cucumaria tetracentriophora Heding, 1938 accepted as Pseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Cucumella triplex Ludwig & Heding, 1935 (basis of record)
Ocnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) (basis of record)
Pawsonellus Thandar, 1986 (basis of record)
Pentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Pentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Ocnus capensis (Théel, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Plesiocolochirus australis (Ludwig, 1875) (basis of record)
Pseudoaslia Thandar, 1991 (original description)
Pseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) (additional source)
Pseudocnella insolens (Théel, 1886) accepted as Hemiocnus insolens (Théel, 1886) (additional source)
Pseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) (additional source)
Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) (additional source)
Roweia Thandar, 1985 (basis of record)
Roweia stephensoni (John, 1939) (additional source)
Trachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) (additional source)
Trachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875) (additional source)
Trachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) (additional source)
Agulhas Current for Cucumella triplex Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
East Africa for Pentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766)  (inaccurate)
East Africa for Pseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
East Africa for Trachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
Mozambique for Pentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 
Mozambique for Pseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
Mozambique for Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
Mozambique for Pseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
Mozambique for Roweia frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
Mozambique for Trachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
South Africa (country) for Aslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Ocnus capensis (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Ocnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) 
South Africa (country) for Pawsonellus africanus Thandar, 1986 
South Africa (country) for Pentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766) 
South Africa (country) for Pentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 
South Africa (country) for Pseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) 
South Africa (country) for Pseudocnella insolens (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Pseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
South Africa (country) for Pseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
South Africa (country) for Pseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Roweia frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
South Africa (country) for Roweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
South Africa (country) for Roweia frauenfeldi webbi (Thandar, 1977) 
South Africa (country) for Roweia stephensoni (John, 1939) 
South Africa (country) for Trachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
South Africa (country) for Trachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) 
South Africa (country) for Trachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875)  (inaccurate)
South Africa (country) for Trachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
South Africa (country) for Xenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
 Description

Description: tube feet restricted to the ventral ambulacra but scattered dorsallly, bogy wall ossicles comprising ... [details]

 Description

Small species, 17-40 mm; life colouration grey, greyish -brown or dark maroon with the suckers often rust-coloured. ... [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Distribution

General distribution: Antartic, subantartic (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Common under stones, in pools and in rock crevices; adults usually exposed, juveniles cryptofaunic ... [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Cryptofaunic, usually buried in sand; also found in soft conglomerates of stones, sand, shells, etc. ... [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: green mud, clay or sand (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Rock (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Stones, coarse and khaki sand, shells and Phyllochaetopteris debris. Often cryptofaunic but buried in sand; ... [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Usually found burrowed in sand together with Roweia frauenfeldi and Pseudocnella sinorbis (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Habitat

Habitat: Wedged in sandy crevicces between stones or in rock pools containing little sand, from LWN to below LWS; ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England). Type locality: Simon's Bay (Cape Province) (Thandar, 1987). [details]

 Holotype

Holotype lost. Type locality: Alsoa Bay (Cape Province) [details]

 Remark

Syntypes in Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: Table Bay and Port Edward (Natal) ... [details]

 Remark

This record is based on a misidentification; after examination of the additional specimens received from the MNHN, ... [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cucumaria lefevrei Barrois, 1882 by original designation (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cucumaria tetracentriphora Heding, 1938 (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Cucumaria frauenfeldi Ludwig, 1875 (Thandar, 1985). [details]

 Remark

Type species: Pawsonellus africanus Thandar, 1986 by original designation. [details]

 Synonymy

Possibly synonym of P. Tesselera (Thandar, 1991). [details]

 Type locality

Agulhas stream (35°16'S, 22°26'E). Type specie of the genus Cucumella Heding, 1935, placed in family ... [details]