WoRMS source details

Thandar, A.S. (1991). The Cucumariid holothurians of southern Africa with the erection of a new genus. S. Afr. J. Zool. 26(3): 115 - 139.
6121
Publication
the southern African dendrochirotid holothurians of the family Cucumariidae (sensu Pawson & Fell, 1965) are revised and a new genus Pseudoaslia is erected to accommpdate Cucumaria tetracentriophora Heding, 1938, which possesses a combination of slender forked rods and four-holed knobbed buttons as body wall deposits. In addition, Pentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 is declared a synonym of Ocnus capensis (Theél, 1886); Cucumaria rigidapeda Cherbonnier, 1952 and C. corbula Cherbonnier, 1953 are referred respectively to the general Trachythyone and Ocnus; and Pseudocolochirus violaceus Theél, 1886 and a specimen tentatively referred to as Trachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875) are recorded for the first time from southern Africa. These changes result in the total number of cucumariid holothurians now known from southern Africa to 10 genera and 18 species. All species are keyed, briefly described and/or discussed, and their local distributions mapped.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia Rowe, 1970 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria capensis Théel, 1886 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus capensis (Théel, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria corbula Cherbonnier, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria deichmanni Cherbonnier, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria frauenfeldi Ludwig, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria improvisa Ludwig, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria rigidapeda Cherbonnier, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria spyridophora Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumaria tetracentriophora Heding, 1938 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumella triplex Ludwig & Heding, 1935 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonellus Thandar, 1986 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta squamosa Cherbonnier, 1970 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus capensis (Théel, 1886) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlesiocolochirus australis (Ludwig, 1875) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoaslia Thandar, 1991 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella insolens (Théel, 1886) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHemiocnus insolens (Théel, 1886) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia Thandar, 1985 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia stephensoni (John, 1939) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) (additional source)
Agulhas Current for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCucumella triplex Ludwig & Heding, 1935 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766)  (inaccurate)
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
East Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAslia spyridophora (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus capensis (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcnus corbulus (Cherbonnier, 1953) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPawsonellus africanus Thandar, 1986 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta doliolum (Pallas, 1766) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentacta tessellara Cherbonnier, 1970 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoaslia tetracentriophora (Heding, 1938) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella insolens (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sinorbis (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocnella sykion (Lampert, 1885) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudocolochirus violaceus (Théel, 1886) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi frauenfeldi (Ludwig, 1882) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia frauenfeldi webbi (Thandar, 1977) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRoweia stephensoni (John, 1939) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone crucifera (Semper, 1869) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone improvisa (Ludwig, 1875) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone parva (Ludwig, 1875)  (inaccurate)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrachythyone rigidapeda (Cherbonnier, 1952) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXenia macrospiculata Gohar, 1940 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: tube feet restricted to the ventral ambulacra but scattered dorsallly, bogy wall ossicles comprising ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Small species, 17-40 mm; life colouration grey, greyish -brown or dark maroon with the suckers often rust-coloured. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: Antartic, subantartic (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Common under stones, in pools and in rock crevices; adults usually exposed, juveniles cryptofaunic ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Cryptofaunic, usually buried in sand; also found in soft conglomerates of stones, sand, shells, etc. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: green mud, clay or sand (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Rock (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Stones, coarse and khaki sand, shells and Phyllochaetopteris debris. Often cryptofaunic but buried in sand; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Usually found burrowed in sand together with Roweia frauenfeldi and Pseudocnella sinorbis (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Habitat: Wedged in sandy crevicces between stones or in rock pools containing little sand, from LWN to below LWS; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Natural History Museum, London (England). Type locality: Simon's Bay (Cape Province) (Thandar, 1987). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype lost. Type locality: Alsoa Bay (Cape Province) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes in Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (France). Type locality: Table Bay and Port Edward (Natal) ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

This record is based on a misidentification; after examination of the additional specimens received from the MNHN, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cucumaria lefevrei Barrois, 1882 by original designation (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cucumaria tetracentriphora Heding, 1938 (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cucumaria frauenfeldi Ludwig, 1875 (Thandar, 1985). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Pawsonellus africanus Thandar, 1986 by original designation. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Possibly synonym of P. Tesselera (Thandar, 1991). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Agulhas stream (35°16'S, 22°26'E). Type specie of the genus Cucumella Heding, 1935, placed in family ... [details]