WoRMS source details

Burgess, C.M. (1970). The Living Cowries. AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey.
5929
Burgess, C.M.
1970
The Living Cowries
AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey
Publication
Biogeography and taxonomic revision of Cypraea. Previous authors had split the genus Cypraea, the single genus in the family, into several subfamilies and genera. This work places all species again in the single genus.
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Cypraea alga Perry, 1811 accepted as Leporicypraea alga (Perry, 1811) (source of synonymy)
Cypraea arabica Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mauritia arabica (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea argus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arestorides argus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea asellus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Palmadusta asellus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea beckii Gaskoin, 1836 accepted as Naria beckii (Gaskoin, 1836) (basis of record)
Cypraea bistrinotata Schilder & Schilder, 1937 accepted as Pustularia bistrinotata Schilder & Schilder, 1937 (basis of record)
Cypraea broderipii Gray, 1832 accepted as Callistocypraea broderipii (Gray, 1832) (basis of record)
Cypraea camelopardalis Perry, 1811 accepted as Lyncina camelopardalis (Perry, 1811) (basis of record)
Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Monetaria caputserpentis (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Lyncina carneola (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea caurica Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Erronea caurica (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea cernica G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Naria cernica (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) (basis of record)
Cypraea childreni Gray, 1825 accepted as Ipsa childreni (J.E. Gray, 1825) (basis of record)
Cypraea cicercula Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Pustularia cicercula (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Cypraea citrina Gray, 1825 accepted as Naria citrina (Gray, 1825) (basis of record)
Cypraea coloba Melvill, 1888 accepted as Ovatipsa coloba (Melvill, 1888) (basis of record)
Cypraea contaminata Gray, 1832 accepted as Palmadusta contaminata (Gray, 1832) (basis of record)
Cypraea cribellum Gaskoin, 1849 accepted as Cribrarula cribellum (Gaskoin, 1849) accepted as Cribrarula esontropia cribellum (Gaskoin, 1849) (basis of record)
Cypraea cribraria Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cribrarula cribraria (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea depressa J.E. Gray, 1824 accepted as Mauritia depressa (J.E. Gray, 1824) (basis of record)
Cypraea diluculum Reeve, 1845 accepted as Palmadusta diluculum (Reeve, 1845) (basis of record)
Cypraea erosa Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Naria erosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea erythraeensis G. B. Sowerby I, 1837 accepted as Bistolida erythraeensis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1837) (basis of record)
Cypraea esontropia Duclos, 1833 accepted as Cribrarula esontropia (Duclos, 1833) (basis of record)
Cypraea exusta G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Talparia exusta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (basis of record)
Cypraea felina Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Melicerona felina (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Purpuradusta fimbriata (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea gangranosa Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Naria gangranosa (Dillwyn, 1817) (basis of record)
Cypraea gaskoini Reeve, 1846 accepted as Cribrarula gaskoini (Reeve, 1846) (basis of record)
Cypraea globulus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Pustularia globulus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea gracilis Gaskoin, 1849 accepted as Purpuradusta gracilis (Gaskoin, 1849) (basis of record)
Cypraea grayana (Schilder, 1930) accepted as Mauritia grayana Schilder, 1930 (basis of record)
Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Naria helvola (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Bistolida hirundo (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea histrio Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mauritia histrio (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea interrupta J.E. Gray, 1824 accepted as Blasicrura interrupta (J.E. Gray, 1824) (basis of record)
Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Luria isabella (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea kieneri Hidalgo, 1906 accepted as Bistolida kieneri (Hidalgo, 1906) (basis of record)
Cypraea labrolineata Gaskoin, 1849 accepted as Naria labrolineata (Gaskoin, 1849) (basis of record)
Cypraea lamarckii J.E. Gray, 1825 accepted as Naria lamarckii (J.E. Gray, 1825) (basis of record)
Cypraea leviathan (Schilder & Schilder, 1937) accepted as Lyncina leviathan Schilder & Schilder, 1937 (basis of record)
Cypraea limacina Lamarck, 1810 accepted as Staphylaea limacina (Lamarck, 1810) (basis of record)
Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Lyncina lynx (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea macandrewi G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 accepted as Naria macandrewi (G. B. Sowerby II, 1870) (basis of record)
Cypraea maculifera (Schilder, 1932) accepted as Mauritia maculifera Schilder, 1932 (basis of record)
Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Leporicypraea mappa (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea marginalis Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Naria marginalis (Dillwyn, 1817) (basis of record)
Cypraea mariae (Schilder, 1927) accepted as Annepona mariae (Schilder, 1927) (basis of record)
Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mauritia mauritiana (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea microdon J.E. Gray, 1828 accepted as Purpuradusta microdon (J.E. Gray, 1828) (basis of record)
Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Monetaria moneta (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea nebrites Melvill, 1888 accepted as Naria nebrites (Melvill, 1888) (basis of record)
Cypraea nivosa Broderip, 1827 accepted as Callistocypraea nivosa (Broderip, 1827) (basis of record)
Cypraea nucleus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Nucleolaria nucleus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea onyx Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Erronea onyx (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea owenii J.E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Bistolida owenii (J.E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (basis of record)
Cypraea pantherina Lightfoot, 1786 (basis of record)
Cypraea poraria Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Naria poraria (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea pulchra Gray, 1824 accepted as Luria pulchra (Gray, 1824) (basis of record)
Cypraea scurra Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mauritia scurra (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea stolida Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Bistolida stolida (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea talpa Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Talparia talpa (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea teres Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Talostolida teres (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea thomasi Crosse, 1865 accepted as Naria thomasi (Crosse, 1865) (basis of record)
Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Cypraea turdus Lamarck, 1810 accepted as Naria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (basis of record)
Cypraea ursellus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Bistolida ursellus (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea vitellus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Lyncina vitellus (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraea walkeri (Gray, 1832) accepted as Contradusta walkeri (G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (basis of record)
Cypraea ziczac Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Palmadusta ziczac (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Cypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815 (additional source)
Mauritia arabica (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Perisserosa brocktoni Iredale, 1930 accepted as Perisserosa guttata (Gmelin, 1791) (source of synonymy)
Staphylaea semiplota (Mighels, 1845) (additional source)
Staphylaea staphylaea (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Aldabra for Cypraea annulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea arabica Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea argus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea asellus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea bistrinotata Schilder & Schilder, 1937 
Aldabra for Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea caurica Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea chinensis Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea clandestina Linnaeus, 1767 
Aldabra for Cypraea cribraria Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea diluculum Reeve, 1845 
Aldabra for Cypraea erosa Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea felina Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea globulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea gracilis Gaskoin, 1849 
Aldabra for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea histrio Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea kieneri Hidalgo, 1906 
Aldabra for Cypraea lamarckii J.E. Gray, 1825 
Aldabra for Cypraea limacina Lamarck, 1810 
Aldabra for Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea nucleus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea onyx Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea poraria Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea scurra Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea staphylaea Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea stolida Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea talpa Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea teres Gmelin, 1791 
Aldabra for Cypraea testudinaria Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea vitellus Linnaeus, 1758 
Aldabra for Cypraea ziczac Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea annulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea argus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea asellus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea bistrinotata Schilder & Schilder, 1937 
Chagos for Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea caurica Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea cernica G. B. Sowerby II, 1870 
Chagos for Cypraea childreni Gray, 1825 
Chagos for Cypraea clandestina Linnaeus, 1767 
Chagos for Cypraea coloba Melvill, 1888 
Chagos for Cypraea cribraria Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea erosa Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea felina Gmelin, 1791 
Chagos for Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791 
Chagos for Cypraea globulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea gracilis Gaskoin, 1849 
Chagos for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea hirundo Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea histrio Gmelin, 1791 
Chagos for Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea kieneri Hidalgo, 1906 
Chagos for Cypraea limacina Lamarck, 1810 
Chagos for Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea nivosa Broderip, 1827 
Chagos for Cypraea nucleus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea onyx nymphae Jay, 1850 
Chagos for Cypraea poraria Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea scurra Gmelin, 1791 
Chagos for Cypraea staphylaea Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea stolida Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea talpa Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea teres Gmelin, 1791 
Chagos for Cypraea testudinaria Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea vitellus Linnaeus, 1758 
Chagos for Cypraea ziczac Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea annulus Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea arabica Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea argus Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea asellus Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea caurica Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea clandestina Linnaeus, 1767 
Comores for Cypraea cribraria Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea depressa J.E. Gray, 1824 
Comores for Cypraea erosa Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea felina Gmelin, 1791 
Comores for Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791 
Comores for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea limacina Lamarck, 1810 
Comores for Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758 
Comores for Cypraea onyx Linnaeus, 1758 
English Arabian cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea arabica Linnaeus, 1758
English Carnelian cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea carneola Linnaeus, 1758
English honey cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758
English Isabella cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758
English map cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758
English Mauritius cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758
English money cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758
English panther cowrie for Cypraea pantherina Lightfoot, 1786
English serpent's head cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758
English strawberry cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758
English thrush cowrie [from synonym] for Cypraea turdus Lamarck, 1810
English tiger cowrie for Cypraea tigris Linnaeus, 1758
 Description

A large, heavy, humped shell with a very glossy dome, up to 10 cm. Curved aperture with strong teeth, base flat ... [details]

 Description

An elongate, oval, humped shell, up to 8 cm. Dorsally ornamented with longitudinal broken, irregular, dark brown ... [details]

 Description

Broad shell with knobbly outline and raised dome, up to 4 cm. Colour creamy, yellowish or pale green, occasionally ... [details]

 Description

Description: as C. arabica, but dorsally with many distinct, small, pale circles on reticulated pattern. Regional ... [details]

 Description

Description: as C. carneola, but with dark brown base and rim. Regional names: Port. Cipreia encarnada. (Richmond, ... [details]

 Description

Endemic to Mauritius (Michel 1988) [details]

 Description

Endemic to Mauritius (Michel 1988), not so according to <133>: also found in Reunion. [details]

 Description

Named after CernĂ©, the old name for Mauritius. [details]

 Description

Nearly cylindrical shell, up to 4 cm, with aperture bordered by numerous very fine teeth. Dorsum pale brown with ... [details]

 Description

Rather flattened shell with thickened margins, up to 4 cm. Dorsal surface brown with numerous cream spots. Lower ... [details]

 Description

Solid, broad shells up to 3 cm, with well-developed teeth. Dorsally pale blue-grey, covered with many white and ... [details]

 Description

Solid, ovate shell, up to 5 cm, with a pale, beige dome and 4 or 5 transverse orange brown bands. Base tan with ... [details]

 Description

Thick, humped shell, up to 9 cm, with coarse, blunt teeth. Dorsal colour cream with brown patches (giving a ... [details]

 Description

Thick, solid, inflated shell, up to 9 cm, with strong teeth on outer lip. Dorsum olive to red-brown, covered with ... [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also in Australia in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Tropical Indo-Pacific, also in Australia in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Publication date

Year of description given as 1839 in <112>. [details]

 Remark

Central Pacific species according to <133>. Possible confusion over nomenclature (Mauritiana (Arabica) arabica ... [details]

 Spelling

C. caput-serpentis in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Spelling

C. globusus in Vine 1986  [details]

 Spelling

Dautzenberg (1929) cites Cypraea histrio Meuschen, 1787 [details]

 Spelling

Misspelled C. nucleous in Ruwa, 1984? [details]

 Spelling

Spelled C. broderipi in <110> [details]