WoRMS source details

Pleijel, Fredrik. (1991). Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta). Zoologica Scripta. 20(3): 225-261.
10.1111/j.1463-6409.1991.tb00289.x [view]
Pleijel, Fredrik
Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta)
Zoologica Scripta
20(3): 225-261
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The phylogenetic relationships of the benthic phyllodocid genera are estimated by a parsimony analysis based on 26 morphological characters. It is concluded that the cephalization within Eteone has led to a reduction of segment 1 and loss of the first pair of tentacular cirri. Biramous parapodia (like in Austrophyllum and Notophyllum) constitute an ancestral state, which has evolved independently also within Phyllodoce. A new subfamily, Notophyllinae, is erected, and the two additional subfamilies, Phyllodocinae and Eteoninae, are redefined. Pareteoninae is treated as a junior synonym to Phyllodocinae, and Lugiinae as a nomen dubium. A number of genera are redefined and new combinations introduced. Based on type material Zverlinum and Phyllouschakovius are synonymized with Phyllodoce, Nipponophyllum with Notophyllym, Vitiaziphyllum with Eumida, Pareteone, Eulalia (Euphylla) and Compsanaitis with Paranaitis. More tentatively proposed synonymizations include Bergstroemia with Austrophyllum, Prophyllodoce with Phyllodoce, and Pseudeulalia with Protomystides. Eulalia lapsus is proposed as a replacement name for E. anoculata Fauchald, 1972, junior homonym to E. anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, and a number of species are synonymized and new combinations introduced. A checklist of phyllodocids together with information on the location of their type specimens is included.
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2016-02-01 17:08:51Z
2016-11-08 10:18:08Z

Anaitides carloensis Kudenov, 1975 accepted as Phyllodoce panamensis Treadwell, 1917 (source of synonymy)
Anaitides cortezi Kudenov, 1975 accepted as Phyllodoce cortezi (Kudenov, 1975) (new combination reference)
Anaitides dubia Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Phyllodoce dubia (Fauchald, 1972) (new combination reference)
Anaitides williamsi Hartman, 1936 accepted as Phyllodoce williamsi (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Bergstroemia Banse, 1973 accepted as Austrophyllum Bergström, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Compsanaitis Hutchings & Murray, 1984 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Dubiomystides [author uncertain] (basis of record)
Eteone barbata Malmgren, 1865 (status source)
Eteone lactea Claparède, 1868 accepted as Hypereteone lactea (Claparède, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Eteone lighti Hartman, 1936 (status source)
Eulalia (Eulalia) microphylloides Hartmann-Schröder, 1979 accepted as Eulalia microphylloides Hartmann-Scröder, 1979 (new combination reference)
Eulalia (Eumida) guttata Claparède, 1870 (status source)
Eulalia (Euphylla) Knox, 1960 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Eulalia (Pterocirrus) microcephala Claparède, 1870 (status source)
Eulalia anoculata Fauchald, 1972 accepted as Eulalia lapsus Pleijel, 1991 (source of synonymy)
Eulalia aurea Gravier, 1896 (status source)
Eulalia australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1989) (basis of record)
Eulalia hutchinsonensis (Perkins, 1984) (new combination reference)
Eulalia lapsus Pleijel, 1991 (original description)
Eulalia microphylloides Hartmann-Scröder, 1979 (basis of record)
Eulalia ornata Saint-Joseph, 1888 (status source)
Eumida (Pirakia) hutchinsonensis Perkins, 1984 accepted as Eulalia hutchinsonensis (Perkins, 1984) (source of synonymy)
Eumida nuchala (Uschakov, 1972) (new combination reference)
Genetyllis Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Nereiphylla Blainville, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Genetyllis castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Nereiphylla castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) (status source)
Hesione splendida Lamarck, 1818 (status source)
Hypereteone Bergström, 1914 (status source)
Nereiphylla gruai (Rullier, 1973) (basis of record)
Nipponophyllum Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Notophyllum Örsted, 1843 (source of synonymy)
Nipponophyllum japonicum (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Notophyllum japonicum Marenzeller, 1879 (taxonomy source)
Nipponophyllum sagamianum (Izuka, 1912) accepted as Notophyllum sagamianum Izuka, 1912 (taxonomy source)
Notalia australiensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1989 accepted as Eulalia australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1989) (new combination reference)
Paranaitis benthicola (Knox, 1960) (new combination reference)
Pareteone Hartmann-Schröder, 1975 accepted as Paranaitis Southern, 1914 (source of synonymy)
Phyllodoce (Anaitides) mucosa Örsted, 1843 represented as Phyllodoce mucosa Örsted, 1843 (status source)
Phyllodoce australis Day, 1975 (basis of record)
Phyllodoce castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) accepted as Nereiphylla castanea (Marenzeller, 1879) (status source)
Phyllodoce groenlandica orientalis Zachs, 1933 (status source)
Phyllodoce multiseriata Rioja, 1941 (status source)
Phyllodoce varia Treadwell, 1928 (status source)
Phyllodoce vittata Ehlers, 1864 (status source)
Pirakia lanceolata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971 accepted as Sige longocirrata (Støp-Bowitz, 1948) (status source)
Prochaetoparia gruai Rullier, 1973 accepted as Nereiphylla gruai (Rullier, 1973) (source of synonymy)
Protomystidella Hartmann-Schröder, 1983 accepted as Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Protomystidella longiantennata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) accepted as Protomystides longiantennata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (new combination reference)
Protomystides longiantennata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (basis of record)
Pseudeulalia Eliason, 1962 accepted as Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Pseudeulalia exigua Eliason, 1962 accepted as Protomystides exigua (Eliason, 1962) (new combination reference)
Pterocirrus montereyensis (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Sige montereyensis Hartman, 1936 accepted as Pterocirrus montereyensis (Hartman, 1936) (status source)
Steggoa californiensis Hartman, 1936 accepted as Eulalia californiensis (Hartman, 1936) (new combination reference)
Steggoa longiantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1981 accepted as Protomystides longiantennata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981) (new combination reference)
Vitiaziphyllum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida Malmgren, 1865 (additional source)
Vitiaziphyllum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida Malmgren, 1865 (source of synonymy)
Vitiaziphyllum nuchalum Uschakov, 1972 accepted as Eumida nuchala (Uschakov, 1972) (source of synonymy)

Not stated in the original description. The specific epithet lapsus is a Latin noun meaning 'a slip' or 'a lapse', ... [details]


Not stated. Anaitis is a Greek/Roman female name, and Southern has added 'para' (Greek for beside, near), a common ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

Feminine, as a prefix has been added to Anaitis, a Greek/Roman female name [details]


Junior primary homonym to Eulalia anoculata Hartman & Fauchald, 1971, North Atlantic. [details]


According to Pleijel (1991:246) Bergström (1914:115) has 'Dubiomystides' as an error for Pseudomystides. However, ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 255) this species is a ''Junior homonym, possibly also junior synonym, to Eulalia ... [details]


Pleijel (1991: 234) examined holotypes of C. splendida and Eulalia nigrimaculata, and concluded they were synonyms. ... [details]


According to Pleijel (1991: 258) the generic allocation of the species is uncertain. [details]


Chamberlin (1919: 167) regarded the genus Myrianida Milne-Edwards, 1845 as synonymous with Myriana Savigny, 1822: ... [details]


Fauvel (1923: 199) considered the species as indeterminable, stating that it was probably based on a juvenile of ... [details]


Pleijel (1991: 260) considered the species as a nomen dubium, with genus uncertain [details]


Pleijel (1991:245) refers that the main difference between Pseudeulalia and Protomystides Czerniavsky, 1882 is that ... [details]

 Type material

''Type material lost'' (Pleijel, 1991: 257).  [details]

 Type material

From Wilson (1988: 395): "There is some confusion as to the status of the USNM [20338] type material. The original ... [details]


Valid according to some sources as Eteone (Mysta) barbata (Malmgren, 1865) or Mysta barbata. Pleijel (1991) ... [details]