WoRMS source details

Maciolek, N. J. (1985). A revision of the genus Prionospio Malmgren, with special emphasis on species from the Atlantic Ocean, and new records of species belonging to the genera Apoprionospio Foster and Paraprionospio Caullery (Polychaeta, Annelida, Spionidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London. 84: 325-383.
50899
10.1111/j.1096-3642.1985.tb01804.x [view]
Maciolek, N. J.
1985
A revision of the genus Prionospio Malmgren, with special emphasis on species from the Atlantic Ocean, and new records of species belonging to the genera Apoprionospio Foster and Paraprionospio Caullery (Polychaeta, Annelida, Spionidae)
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, London
84: 325-383
Publication
Polychaeta DB
Several generic schemes used in classifying species belonging to Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 sensu lato have been reviewed; three taxa have been retained at the generic level, and three additional taxa at the subgeneric level. The following genera and subgenera are recognized: Prionospio Malmgren, 1867, including the subgenera Minuspio Foster, 1971, Aquilaspio Foster, 1971 and Prionospio Malmgren (sensu stricto); Apoprionospio Foster, 1969, and Paraprionospio Caullery, 1914. Prionospio sensu lato includes species with various combinations of branchiae which are smooth (apinnate), wrinkled, or with digitiform pinnules, beginning on setiger 2. Apoprionospio includes species having branchiae from setiger 2, with at least one pair having plate-like pinnules. Paraprionospio includes species with branchiae from setiger 1, with all pairs having platelike pinnules. Fifteen species, including seven new species, belonging to the genus Prionospio are described. Prionospio (Prionospio) steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 is described from the syntype series, and is newly synonymized with P. fallax Soderstrom, 1920. The validity of P. bocki Soderstrom, 1920 as a separate species is discussed, as is the indeterminable nature of P. malmgreni Claparede, 1869. Prionospio (Prionospio) dubia Day, 1961 originally described as a new variety of P. malmgreni from S Africa, is raised to full species status. Prionospio (P.) cristata Foster, 1971 and P. (P.) heterobranchia Moore, 1907 are redescribed. Prionospio (P.) tripinnata, a new species with three pairs of pinnate branchiae, is described from the Mediterranean Sea and compared with P. plumosa Sars, 1872. A new synonymy is proposed for P. lobulata Fauchald, 1972 with P. (P.) ehlersi Fauvel, 1928. Two new species, P. (Minuspio) fauchaldi and P. (M.) laciniosa, are described in which the apinnate branchiae are distinctly wrinkled or sculptured, rather than smooth. P. (M.) laciniosa is also distinguished by dorsal crests modified into semicircular flaps. Several species previously referred to Prionospio (Minuspio) cirrifera Wiren, 1883 are reviewed and described. The seven species recognized by Foster in the genus Minuspio are considered; several are retained, and new species and new synonymies are proposed. Because the types are apparently lost, a description of P. (M.) cirrifera is given based on specimens from near the type locality. Prionospio (M.) aluta new species is separated from P. (M.) cirrifera on the basis of the presence of lateral pouches in P. aluta and their absence in P. cirrifera. Prionospio (M.) delta Hartman, 1965 is retained as a valid species; P. (M.) longibranchiata Reish, 1968 and P. (M.) minor Fauchald & Hancock, 1981 are newly synonymized with P. delta. P. (M.) multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 is also retained as a valid species, and P. (M.) perkinsi, P. (M.) lighti and P. (M.) wireni are newly described from shallow water. Two species are recognized as belonging to Apoprionospio Foster: A. pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) and A. dayi Foster, 1969. New records and range extensions are given for both species. New records are also presented for Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901).
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Apoprionospio Foster, 1969 accepted as Prionospio Malmgren, 1867 (status source)
Apoprionospio caspersi (Laubier, 1962) accepted as Prionospio caspersi Laubier, 1962 (status source)
Apoprionospio dayi Foster, 1969 accepted as Prionospio dayi (Foster, 1969) (additional source)
Apoprionospio pygmaea (Hartman, 1961) accepted as Prionospio pygmaeus Hartman, 1961 (additional source)
Apoprionospio saldanha (Day, 1961) accepted as Prionospio saldanha Day, 1961 (status source)
Apoprionospio vermillionensis (Fauchald, 1972) accepted as Prionospio vermillionensis Fauchald, 1972 (status source)
Minuspio minor Fauchald & Hancock, 1981 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (source of synonymy)
Paraprionospio Caullery, 1914 (additional source)
Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) (additional source)
Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio aluta Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Minuspio) cirrifera Wirén, 1883 accepted as Prionospio cirrifera Wirén, 1883 (additional source)
Prionospio (Minuspio) delta Hartman, 1965 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (basis of record)
Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio laciniosa Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio lighti Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Minuspio) multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 accepted as Prionospio multibranchiata Berkeley, 1927 (basis of record)
Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio perkinsi Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Minuspio) wireni Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio wireni Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio (Prionospio) cristata Foster, 1971 accepted as Prionospio cristata Foster, 1971 (basis of record)
Prionospio (Prionospio) dubia Day, 1961 represented as Prionospio dubia Day, 1961 (status source)
Prionospio (Prionospio) ehlersi Fauvel, 1928 accepted as Prionospio ehlersi Fauvel, 1928 (additional source)
Prionospio (Prionospio) heterobranchia Moore, 1907 accepted as Prionospio heterobranchia Moore, 1907 (basis of record)
Prionospio (Prionospio) lobulata Fauchald, 1972 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio (Prionospio) steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (additional source)
Prionospio (Prionospio) tripinnata Maciolek, 1985 accepted as Prionospio tripinnata Maciolek, 1985 (original description)
Prionospio bocki Söderström, 1920 (status source)
Prionospio caspersi Laubier, 1962 (status source)
Prionospio longibranchiata Reish, 1968 accepted as Prionospio delta Hartman, 1965 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 (status source)
Prionospio malmgreni dubia Day, 1961 accepted as Prionospio dubia Day, 1961 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio saldanha Day, 1961 (status source)
Prionospio tenuis (Verrill, 1880) accepted as Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Prionospio vermillionensis Fauchald, 1972 (status source)
Spiophanes tenuis Verrill, 1880 accepted as Prionospio steenstrupi Malmgren, 1867 (source of synonymy)
Nontype Private, locality Argentine Basin, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Bay of Biscay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Beaufort Sea, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality Brazil, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Canary Islands, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Morro Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Namibia, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype AHF, locality Surinam, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Tomales Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Nontype Private, locality Tongue of the Ocean, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype CAS 000057, locality San Francisco Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Nontype CAS 000786-87, locality San Francisco Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 34151, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 42992, locality Grand Isle, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 42994, locality Beaufort, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) wireni Maciolek, 1985
Holotype USNM 67674, locality Angola, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 67675, locality Angola, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67676, locality Angola, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) laciniosa Maciolek, 1985
Holotype USNM 67677, locality Beaufort, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) wireni Maciolek, 1985
Holotype USNM 67678, locality Mediterranean Sea, identified as Prionospio (Prionospio) tripinnata Maciolek, 1985
Holotype USNM 67679, locality Tampa Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 67680, locality Tampa Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 67681, locality Tampa Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 67682, locality Tampa Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 67683, locality Tampa Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67684, locality Hutchinson Island, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67685, locality Sapelo Island, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67686, locality Chesapeake Bay, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67687, locality Beaufort, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) perkinsi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67691, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67698, locality Angola, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67699, locality Angola, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 6770, locality Argentine Basin, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype USNM 67701, locality Surinam, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Nontype NRS 746, locality Portugal, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Holotype USNM 74740, locality Bainbridge Island, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 74741, locality Bainbridge Island, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Paratype USNM 74742, locality Strait of Georgia, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) lighti Maciolek, 1985
Holotype AHF Poly 1362, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) fauchaldi Maciolek, 1985
Holotype AHF Poly 1363, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985
Paratype AHF Poly 1364, locality North Atlantic, identified as Prionospio (Minuspio) aluta Maciolek, 1985








 Depth range

200-1090 m. [details]

 Depth range

3-35 m. [details]

 Depth range

Intertidal to 38 m. [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic coast of the USA: Massachusetts; Virginia; North Carolina; Georgia; Florida. Gulf of Mexico: Florida; ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic coast of the USA: Massachusetts; Virginia; North Carolina; Georgia; Florida. Gulf of Mexico: Florida; ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: Beaufort (North Carolina, USA). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: New England; Tongue of the Ocean, Bahamas; Surinam; off Brazil; Argentine Basin; SW coast of Africa ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off Angola (SW Africa). [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean: off Massachussets (USA); Portugal. Arctic Ocean: Beaufort Sea. [details]

 Distribution

Mediterranean Sea. [details]

 Distribution

North Pacific Ocean: from Washington to Calfornia (USA). [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 352): "laciniosa, from the Latin laciniosus, meaning "full of flaps"." [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 364): "This species is named in honour of William J. Light, whose meticulous work on the ... [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 358): "aluta, L. meaning bag, purse or pouch (used as a noun in apposition)." The specific ... [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 345): "tri, L. three, pinnata, L. feathered or plumed; tripinnata refers to the pinnate nature ... [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 350): "This species is named in honor of Kristian Fauchald of the Smithsonian Institution in ... [details]

 Etymology

From Maciolek (1985: 367): "This species is named for A. Wirén, who was the first to describe a species of ... [details]

 Etymology

The species is named for Thomas A. Perkins, Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg (Florida, USA), ... [details]

 Habitat

Not stated, at bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated, in intertidal to shallow water environments. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated, intertidal. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Occurs from subtidal to shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Occurs from subtidal to shelf depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, from shelf to bathyal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Type of sediment not stated, at bathyal and abyssal depths. [details]

 Synonymy

Prionospio fallax Söderström, 1920 was considered to be a junior synonym of Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869 ... [details]

 Taxonomy

Prionospio malmgreni Claparède, 1869, described from the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean Sea), was considered to be ... [details]

 Type locality

Beaufort, North Carolina, USA, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 34.717°, -76.669°). [details]

 Type locality

Medina-Melina banks, off Libya, Mediterranean Sea (33.95°, 15.1367°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Angola, Southwest Africa, Atlantic Ocean (-08.7667°, 12.7833° to -08.8000°, 12.8667°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Massachusetts (USA), Gay Head-Bermuda transect, North Atlantic Ocean (39.9417°, -70.665°). [details]

 Type locality

Off Massachusetts (USA), Gay Head-Bermuda transect, North Atlantic Ocean (39.9433°, -71.06°). [details]

 Type locality

Skiff Point, Bainbridge Island, Puget Sound, Washington, USA, North Pacific Ocean (approx. 47°40'N, 122°30'W). [details]

 Type locality

Upper Tampa Bay, Florida, USA, Gulf of Mexico (27º46.9'N, 82º13.6'W; provided geocoordinates misplaced, corrected ... [details]