WoRMS source details

Hartman, Olga. (1965). Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic areas. Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation. 28: 1-384.
50211
Hartman, Olga
1965
Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic areas
Occasional Papers of the Allan Hancock Foundation
28: 1-384
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
[None. Introduction starts as follows:]
A series of submarine bottom samples was collected during the 1960-62 cruises by the research vessel ATLANTIS of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The samples represent a transect originating from the Gayhead slope, Massachusetts, south to the Bermuda Islands, and westward toward Cape Hatteras, North Carolina (see map). These cruises resulted in the recovery of 29 useful quantitative benthic samples. Eight of these, numbered Be 1 to Be 8, were taken off Bermuda in the spring of 1960. One came from the outer shelf south of New England, six others from the continental slope south of New England, five from the abyss north of the Gulf Stream, two in the Gulf Stream, and three in the Sargasso Sea. These are indicated by letters from C to MM and range in depths from 97 to 5001 meters. The single-lettered stations refer to continental slopes or shallower depths, and the double-lettered ones to depths of more than 2000 m. Three samples, numbered Slope 2, 3 and 4, are also from the continental slope. Three others were taken by the Woods Hole oceanographic research vessel, CHAIN, Cruise 35, in April 1963, from areas off northeastern South America, in latitudes 07° 09' S to 08° 45.5' N, and in depths of 520 to 1500 m. Eight samples were taken by the ATLANTIS, in 1947, from the Atlantic Ridge in abyssal depths, under the direction of the late Dr. Louis Hutchins; they are included as they contain some interesting deepwater forms not previously reported. The details of each are given in the Station Lists below.
Atlantic Ocean (without specification)
Western Atlantic warm temperate to tropical
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Aberranta Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Aberranta enigmatica Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Aedicira belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) accepted as Aricidea (Allia) belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) (additional source)
Aglaophamus igalis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Aglaophamus minusculus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Micronephthys minusculus (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Ammotrypane chaetifera Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Amphicteis trichophora Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Amphicteis vestis Hartman, 1965 accepted as Tanseimaruana vestis (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Aparaonis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Aparaonis abyssalis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Apistobranchus fragmentata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1951) (basis of record)
Apistobranchus ornatus Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Apistobranchus typicus (Webster & Benedict, 1887) (redescription)
Aricidea abranchiata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Aricidea neosuecica Hartman, 1965 sensu Laubier & Ramos, 1974 (original description)
Brada brevis Hartman, 1967 (original description)
Braniella Hartman, 1965 accepted as Anguillosyllis Day, 1963 (original description)
Braniella pupa Hartman, 1965 accepted as Anguillosyllis pupa (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Buskiella borealis Hartman, 1965 accepted as Trophoniella borealis (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Califia schmitti (Pettibone, 1957) (basis of record)
Chaetozone gayheadia Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Diopatra brevibrachiata Ehlers, 1874 accepted as Rhamphobrachium brevibrachiatum (Ehlers, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Dorvillea rudolphi anoculata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Drilonereis falcata minor Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Dysponetus gracilis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Ethocles Webster & Benedict, 1887 accepted as Apistobranchus Levinsen, 1883 (additional source)
Euchone incolor Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Eurysyllis pacificus (Hartman, 1954) (new combination reference)
Eusthenelais abyssicola McIntosh, 1879 accepted as Leanira abyssicola (McIntosh, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Exogone verugera profunda Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Exogonella longipedata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Flabelligella Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Flabelligella minuta Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Flabelligella papillata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Glycera mimica Hartman, 1965 accepted as Glycera capitata Örsted, 1843 (original description)
Goniada emerita quinquelabiata Augener, 1906 accepted as Goniada norvegica Örsted, 1845 (source of synonymy)
Goniada norvegica Örsted, 1845 (additional source)
Haploscoloplos fragilis intermedius Hartman, 1965 accepted as Scoloplos intermedius (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Hesiocaeca Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Hesiocaeca bermudensis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Heterospio catalinensis (Hartman, 1944) (basis of record)
Heterospionidae Hartman, 1965 accepted as Longosomatidae Hartman, 1944 (original description)
Hyalinoecia benthaliana McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Paronuphis benthaliana (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Leptoecia benthaliana (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Hyalinoecia bermudensis (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Ilyphagus octobranchus Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Jasmineira bermudensis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Jasmineira filiformis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Laonice antarcticae Hartman, 1953 (additional source)
Laonice cirrata antarcticae Hartman, 1953 accepted as Laonice antarcticae Hartman, 1953 (source of synonymy)
Leaena collaris minima Hartman, 1965 accepted as Leaena minima Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Leanira abyssicola (McIntosh, 1879) (basis of record)
Leanira izuensis hwanghaiensis Uschakov & Wu, 1962 accepted as Sthenolepis izuensis hwanghaiensis (Uschakov & Wu, 1962) (source of synonymy)
Leanira javanica Horst, 1917 accepted as Sthenolepis javanica (Horst, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Leanira melanocephala Horst, 1917 accepted as Sthenolepis melanocephala (Horst, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Leanira minor Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Leanira tentaculata Horst, 1917 accepted as Labioleanira tentaculata (Horst, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Leanira vulturis Horst, 1917 accepted as Sthenolepis vulturis (Horst, 1917) (source of synonymy)
Leiocapitella atlantica Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Longosoma Hartman, 1944 accepted as Heterospio Ehlers, 1874 (source of synonymy)
Longosoma catalinensis Hartman, 1944 accepted as Heterospio catalinensis (Hartman, 1944) (source of synonymy)
Lumbrineris atlantica (Kinberg, 1865) accepted as Scoletoma atlantica (Kinberg, 1865) (taxonomy source)
Lumbrineris crassicephala Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Magelona americana Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Magelona capax Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Melinnata americana Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Microrbinia Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Microrbinia linea Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Monticellina annulosa (Hartman, 1965) accepted as Kirkegaardia annulosa (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Muggoides cinctus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Sosane cinctus (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Myriowenia gosnoldi Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Namalycastis profundus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Rullierinereis profunda (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Neopodarke woodsholea Hartman, 1965 accepted as Nereimyra woodsholea (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Nereiphylla antennata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Nereis caecoides Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Nicon uncinatus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Rullierinereis uncinata (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Ninoe gayheadia Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Nothria atlantica (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Nothria atlantisa Hartman, 1965 accepted as Kinbergonuphis atlantisa (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Nothria pallidula Hartman, 1965 accepted as Mooreonuphis pallidula (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Nothria solenotecton (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Nothria sombreriana McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Paronuphis sombreriana (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Anchinothria sombreriana (McIntosh, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Notomastus teres Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Oligobregma aciculata (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Ophelia profunda Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Paradoneis Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Paradoneis abranchiata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Paradoneis lyra (Southern, 1914) (additional source)
Paramphinome jeffreysii (McIntosh, 1868) (new combination reference)
Paramphinome pulchella Sars, 1869 accepted as Paramphinome jeffreysii (McIntosh, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Paranorthia atlantica Hartman, 1965 accepted as Nothria atlantica (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Paraonis (Paraonides) lyra Southern, 1914 accepted as Paradoneis lyra (Southern, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Paraonis belgicae Fauvel, 1936 accepted as Aricidea (Allia) belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) (source of synonymy)
Paraonis cornatus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Sabidius cornatus (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Paraonis reductus Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Paraonis uncinatus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Levinsenia uncinata (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Paronuphis benthaliana (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Leptoecia benthaliana (McIntosh, 1885) (additional source)
Paronuphis bermudensis Hartman, 1965 accepted as Hyalinoecia bermudensis (Hartman, 1965) (original description)
Paronuphis solenotecton Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Nothria solenotecton (Chamberlin, 1919) (source of synonymy)
Paronuphis sombreriana (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Anchinothria sombreriana (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Pholoe minuta anoculata Hartman, 1965 accepted as Pholoe anoculata Hartman, 1965 (original description)
Holotype AHF, locality Atlantic Coast of North America, identified as Pionosyllis procera Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality Atlantic Coast of United States of America, identified as Exogonella longipedata Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality Atlantic Coast of United States of America, identified as Braniella pupa Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality Bermuda, identified as Namalycastis profundus Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality New England (USA), identified as Flabelligella minuta Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality New England (USA), identified as Pseudoscalibregma aciculata Hartman, 1965
Nontype, locality New England (USA), identified as Sclerobregma branchiatum Hartman, 1965
Nontype, locality New England (USA), identified as Sclerobregma branchiatum Hartman, 1965
Nontype, locality New England (USA), identified as Sclerobregma branchiatum Hartman, 1965
Holotype AHF, locality West Atlantic, identified as Flabelligella papillata Hartman, 1965
Unknown type AHF, locality West Atlantic, identified as Flabelligella papillata Hartman, 1965
Holotype USNM 24718 (as Sphaerodorum pacificum Hartman, 1954), locality Marshall Islands, identified as Eurysyllis pacificus (Hartman, 1954)
Holotype NHMLAC AHF, locality Massachusetts Continental Shelf, identified as Paraonis cornatus Hartman, 1965
Holotype LACM AHF, locality New England (USA), identified as Aparaonis abyssalis Hartman, 1965
Holotype LACM AHF POLY 0213, locality Hatteras Abyssal Plain, identified as Unobranchus abyssalis Hartman, 1965
Holotype ZMH HZM: P-19223, locality Elephant Island, identified as Apistobranchus gudrunae Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF 130, locality Bermuda, identified as Hesiocaeca bermudensis Hartman, 1965
 Depth range

1000 m. [details]

 Depth range

200 m. [details]

 Depth range

400 m.  [details]

 Depth range

400-2900 m. [details]

 Depth range

4436 m. [details]

 Depth range

4743-5023 m. [details]

 Depth range

770-805 m; 2000 m. [details]

 Depth range

In slope to abyssal depths, in 400 to 2500 m; best represented in 2000 m. [details]

 Depth range

Off Atlantic coast of the USA: 117-4892 m. Off NE South America: 770-3783 m.  [details]

 Depth range

Off Atlantic coast of the USA: 400-4892 m. Off NE South America: 770-3783 m. [details]

 Diagnosis

''Aparaonis differs from other genera of Paraonidae in that the first segment has setae; branchiae number only 3 ... [details]

 Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hartman (1965: 229): "Unobranchus differs from other genera of this family in having a ... [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, off New England (USA).  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, off New England (USA). Known only from the type locality.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, off New England (USA) and off NE South America.  [details]

 Distribution

Atlantic Ocean, off New England. [details]

 Distribution

Northwest Atlantic Ocean, Bermuda slope (Bermuda).  [details]

 Distribution

Northwest Atlantic, of New England (USA).  [details]

 Distribution

NW Atlantic, abyssal plain between New England and Bermuda. Known only from the type locality. [details]

 Distribution

NW Atlantic: Hatteras Abyssal Plain (off New England, USA). [details]

 Distribution

Off New England, Atlantic coast of the USA. [details]

 Distribution

South Pacific Ocean, Marshall Islands.  [details]

 Distribution

West Atlantic: off Bermuda; off northeastern South America .  [details]

 Editor's comment

The genus Aparaonis Hartman, 1965 does not seem to belong to the family Paraonidae. It seems to be closer to the ... [details]

 Editor's comment

The species Aparaonis abyssalis Hartman, 1965 does not seem to belong to the family Paraonidae. It seems to be ... [details]

 Etymology

Scler- or Sclero-, new Latin from Greek skler- or sklero-, meaning 'hard', and Bregma, new Latin bregmat-, bregma, ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The name of the genus is composed by the Latin noun flabell, designating a 'small hand fan' and ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet papillata is a Latin adjective, feminine of papillatus and meaning 'having ... [details]

 Etymology

Not stated. The specific epithet minuta is a Latin adjective, feminine of minutus and meaning 'small' or 'little'. ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is composed by the Latin prefix a-, meaning 'away from', followed by the nominal genus of the ... [details]

 Etymology

The generic name is formed by the Latin numeral uno, meaning 'one', and the word branchus, for 'branchia', and ... [details]

 Etymology

The name of the genus derives from its resemblance with the genus Brania Quatrefages, 1866.  [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet pupa refers to the grubelike shape of the worm, resembling an insect in its pupal stage of ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet longipedata refers to the long parapodia of the species, when compared with the other species ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet procera is the feminine of the Latin word procerus, meaning 'tall', 'extended', or ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet branchiatum makes reference to the presence of branchiae in the setigerous segments 2-5. [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet abyssalis is a Latin adjective meaning 'of, pertaining to, or resembling an abyss', and refers ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet abyssalis is a Latin adjective meaning 'of or pertaining to an abyss', and refers to the ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet cornatus is a Latin adjective meaning 'horn-like' or 'horn-shaped', and refers to the unique ... [details]

 Etymology

The specific epithet profundus -a -um is a Latin adjective meaning 'deep' or 'profound', and (not stated) is ... [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal depths. [details]

 Habitat

Abyssal plain, soft sediment at 4436 m. [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Occurs at slope and bathyal depths.  [details]

 Habitat

Not stated. Occurs at slope depths.  [details]

 Habitat

Occurs at slope depths. Further details unknown.  [details]

 Habitat

Soft sediments in slope and abyssal depths. [details]

 Holotype

Deposited at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, USA (LACM AHF POLY 0213). [details]

 Holotype

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles (USA). [details]

 Nomenclature

As Namalycastis is a feminine genus the original spelling of 'profundus' from the adjective 'profundus -a -um' ... [details]

 Nomenclature

Hartman (1944, 1965) erected two family names based on the two genera, where one genus, Longosoma, was discovered ... [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean off New England, abyssal plain between New England and Bermuda (37.45, -68.6833), 4436 m. [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off Bermuda (32º11'24''N, 64º41'36''W), at 2000 m.  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off New England, USA, upper end of canyon just west of Atlantis Canyon (39º56'30"N, 70º39'54"W).  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off New England, USA, upper end of canyon just west of Atlantis Canyon (39º56'30"N, 70º39'54"W).  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off New England, between Atlantis Canyon and Block Canyon (40º01.8'N, 70º42'W).  [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off New England (39°42'N, 70°39'W), 2000 m. [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, off New England, USA, upper end of canyon just west of Atlantis Canyon (39º56'30"N, 70º39'54"W) [details]

 Type locality

Atlantic Ocean, USA, off New England, upper end of canyon just west of Atlantis Canyon (Alvis Canyon?) ... [details]

 Type locality

Hatteras abyssal plain, off New England, USA, NW Atlantic Ocean (35.5833°, -67.4167°). [details]

 Type locality

Northwest Atlantic Ocean, Bermuda, Bermuda slope (32º21'18''N, 64º33'00''W), at 1000 m.  [details]

 Type locality

Off Bermuda, 32.2833, -64.5833, 1700 m [details]

 Type locality

Off New England (USA), Atlantic Ocean, upper end of canyon just west of Atlantic Canyon (39°56'30''N, ... [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles (USA).  [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles (USA).  [details]

 Type material

Holotype deposited in the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, USA. [details]

 Type species

Sclerobregma branchiatum Hartman, 1965 [details]