WoRMS source details

Hartman, Olga. (1957). Orbiniidae, Apistobranchidae, Paraonidae and Longosomidae. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions. 15(3): 211-393.
50199
Hartman, Olga
1957
Orbiniidae, Apistobranchidae, Paraonidae and Longosomidae.
Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions
15(3): 211-393
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
The polychaetous families ORBINIIDAE, APISTOBRANCHIDAE, PARAONIDAE and LONGOSOMIDAE are reviewed. The ORBINIIDAE are distinguished for 74 species in nine genera and two subgenera. Two new subfamilies, ORBINIINAE and PROTOARICIINAE, are named. Califia, new genus, is erected for C. calida, new species, from California. Other new species are Haploscoloplos bifurcatus, Scoloplos (Leodamas) dendrobranchus and S. (L.) fimbriates, from South Australia, Naineris uncinata from California, and Naineris grubei australis, new subspecies, from South Australia. The APISTOBRANCHIDAE are known for three species in three genera, and known only from the north Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The PARAONIDAE are recognized for 28 species in three genera and three subgenera. Aedicira is a new subgenus in Aricidea. New species are Aricidea (Cirrophorus) aciculata, A. (C.) furcata, Paraonis multibranchiata, and P. gracilis oculata, new subspecies, from California. LONGOSOMIDAE is known for a single species from California. Aricidea fauveli, new name for A. fragilis, sensu Fauvel, and perhaps A. jeffreysii, sensu Fauvel, originates in the Mediterranean Sea. Haploscoloplos alaskensis is newly referred to H. panamensis, Aricidea heteroseta to A. suecica, A. longicornuta to A. uschakovi and Paraonis filiformis to P. gracilis. A glossary of terms is given for ORBINIIDAE, and some species are emended.
Pacific Ocean
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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2014-02-13 09:34:25Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcandra robusta Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas robustus (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthostoma fragile Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthostoma latacapitata Treadwell, 1901 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris setosa (Verrill, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthostoma robustum Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia Savigny, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia Quatrefages, 1866 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia acustica Langerhans, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoaricia oerstedi [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoaricia oerstedii (Claparède, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia armandi McIntosh, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia armandi (McIntosh, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia bioreti Fauvel, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia bioreti (Fauvel, 1919) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia chevalieri Fauvel, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia cornidei Rioja, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cornidei (Rioja, 1934) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia cuvieri [auct.] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cuvierii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia sertulata (Savigny, 1822) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia cuvieri persica Fauvel, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cuvieri persica (Fauvel, 1932) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia fimbriata Moore, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo fimbriata (Moore, 1903) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia foetida Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida (Claparède, 1868) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia foetida adjimensis Fauvel, 1924 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida adjimensis (Fauvel, 1924) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia formosa Hansen, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo felix Kinberg, 1866 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia grubei McIntosh, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo grubei (McIntosh, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia imitans Eisig, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida imitans (Eisig, 1914) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia kupfferi Ehlers, 1874 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo kupfferi (Ehlers, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia macginitii Berkeley & Berkeley, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia marginata mcleani Benham, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia norvegica M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo norvegicus (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia nuda Moore, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo nuda (Moore, 1911) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo nudus (Moore, 1911) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia ohlini Ehlers, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia ornata Verrill, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia papillosa Ehlers, 1907 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia papillosa (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia rubra Webster, 1879 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia tribulosa Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Aedicira) Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Aedicira) ramosa Annenkova, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) ramosa Annenkova, 1934 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Aricidea) fauveli Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Acmira) lopezi Berkeley & Berkeley, 1956 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Cirrophorus) aciculata Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrophorus aciculatus (Hartman, 1957) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Cirrophorus) furcata Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrophorus furcatus (Hartman, 1957) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea fauveli Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Acmira) lopezi Berkeley & Berkeley, 1956 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea heteroseta Hartman, 1948 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea suecica Eliason, 1920 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Strelzovia) suecica Eliason, 1920 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea suecica Eliason, 1920 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Strelzovia) suecica Eliason, 1920 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBranchethus latum Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) latum (Chamberlin, 1919) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalifia Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalifia calida Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClytie Grube, 1855 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClytie simplex Grube, 1855 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisela heteracantha Müller, 1858 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos alaskensis Hartman, 1948 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Scoloplos) armiger alaskensis (Hartman, 1948) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos bifurcatus Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos bifurcatus (Hartman, 1957) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos elongatus (Johnson, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos pugettensis (Pettibone, 1957) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos fragilis (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos panamensis Monro, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos panamensis (Monro, 1933) (misapplication)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaploscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMethanoariciinae Blake, 2000 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNainereis hespera Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris dendritica (Kinberg, 1866) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris dendritica (Kinberg, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris grubei australis Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris setosa (Verrill, 1900) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaineris uncinata Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia armandi (McIntosh, 1910) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia bioreti (Fauvel, 1919) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cornidei (Rioja, 1934) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cuvieri persica (Fauvel, 1932) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia cuvierii (Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia sertulata (Savigny, 1822) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbinia papillosa (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbiniinae Hartman, 1942 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis filiformis Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis gracilis oculata Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia oculata (Hartman, 1957) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis multibranchiata Hartman, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevinsenia multibranchiata (Hartman, 1957) (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo felix Kinberg, 1866 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo fimbriata (Moore, 1903) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida (Claparède, 1868) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida adjimensis (Fauvel, 1924) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo foetida imitans (Eisig, 1914) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo grubei (McIntosh, 1910) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo kupfferi (Ehlers, 1874) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo norvegicus (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo nuda (Moore, 1911) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo nudus (Moore, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhylo ornatus (Verrill, 1873) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorcia maderensis Grube, 1859 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoaricia oerstedi [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoaricia oerstedii (Claparède, 1864) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoariciinae Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) chevalieri (Fauvel, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) dendrobranchus Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) fimbriatus Hartman, 1957 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) latum (Chamberlin, 1919) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus mcleani (Benham, 1921) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) ohlini (Ehlers, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cirratus (Ehlers, 1897) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) robustus (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas robustus (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) rubra (Webster, 1879) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) tribulosus (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos bustorus Eisig, 1914 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos cylindrifer Ehlers, 1904 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeodamas cylindrifer (Ehlers, 1904) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos madagascarensis Fauvel, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) madagascariensis (Fauvel, 1919) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos rufa Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeitoscoloplos robustus (Verrill, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Holotype AHF, locality Australia, identified as Naineris grubei australis Hartman, 1957
Holotype LACM AHF Poly 0684, locality Encounter Bay, identified as Haploscoloplos bifurcatus Hartman, 1957
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Intertidal to 536 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Intertidal to about 1 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

Shore to 15 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Original diagnosis by Hartman (1957: 305-306): "The prostomium is short and triangular. The first segment or ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Australia: Western Australia; South Australia; Victoria; New South Wales; Queensland.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Pacific Ocean: from Alaska to California. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

South Australia and New South Wales (Australia); Marovo Lagoon, Vangunu Island (Solomon Islands).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated by the author. 'Califia', also known as 'Calafia', is the name of a fictional queen ruling over a ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

Not stated. The subspecific epithet australis is a Latin adjective meaning 'southern', and refers presumably to the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Etymology

The specific epithet bifurcatus, Latin adjective meaning 'bifurcated' or 'forked in two', refers to the posterior ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Littoral sandy mud flats and subintertidal soft bottoms. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

On limestone reefs among Zostera roots, pebbles and sand at shallow water (Australia); mud and silty sand, 2-13 m ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Habitat

Sand and fine sand, at intertidal and shallow depths.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Nomenclature

Hartman (1957: 256) was the first author in dividing the family Orbiniidae into subfamilies, establishing the ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Hartman (1957) comments on Aricidea fragilis, sensu Fauvel (1936) (Non A. fragilis Webster, 1879) on p. 317, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Hartman (1957:247) places as indeterminable, fide Fauvel, 1927:63 [citation? not F de France] [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Taxonomy

Müller included Gisela heteracantha in Ariciaea (= Orbiniidae). Included by Hartman (1957) in a list of Orbiniidae ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Australia, South Australia, Encounter Bay (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type locality

Australia, South Australia, in the vicinity of Adelaide (geocoordinates not given, estimated with gazetteer to be ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type species

Aricia sertulata Savigny. See Orbinia for comments on it also being type species of Orbinia [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Type species

Hartman (1957: 256) states O. cuvieri as Aricia sertulata was the first species attributed to Aricia Savigny, and ... [details]