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SourceID4179
NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(2,429)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis represented as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis affinis (Ashworth, 1902) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis affinis (Ashworth, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola assimilis (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola assimilis assimilis (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus agassizii (Pfeffer, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus bidens Mortensen, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus bidens Mortensen, 1910 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus (Philippi, 1845) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus var. bidens Mortensen, 1910 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus cavernosus bidens Mortensen, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus curvidens Mortensen, 1836 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus elongatus (Koehler, 1908) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus ingens Koehler, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus philippi Lovén, 1871 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus philippii Lovén, 1871 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbatus shackletoni Koehler, 1911 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssinoe abyssorum (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoninoe abyssorum (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene annularis Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssocucumis liouvillei (Vaney, 1914) Gutt, 1988 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocucumis liouvillei (Vaney, 1914) Ekman, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssocucumis tourqueti (Vaney, 1906) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaurocucumis turqueti (Vaney, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcantharcturus acanthurus (Monod, 1925) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcantharcturus acutipleon Schultz, 1981 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaspidia acanthonotus Beddard, 1886 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaspidia drygalskii Vanhöffen, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaspidia iolanthoidea Vasina & Kussakin, 1982 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaspidia porrecta Menzies & Schultz, 1968 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthomunna spinipes (Vanhöffen, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthophragma Hayward, 1993 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthophragma polaris Hayward, 1993 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopriapulus van der Land, 1970 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthopriapulus horridus (Théel, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthorhabdus fragilis Burton, 1929 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthoserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthoserolis polaris (Richardson, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthoserolis schythei (Lütken, 1858) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAccalathura gigantissima Poore, 1981 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia communis (Bouvier, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia hoekii (Pfeffer, 1889) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia parvula (Loman, 1923) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia serratipalpis (Bouvier, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia spicata (Hodgson, 1915) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchelia sufflata Gordon, 1944 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcheliderma topsenti Burton, 1932 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegaciella topsenti (Burton, 1932) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAchlyonice violaecuspidata Gutt, 1990 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhipidothuria racovitzai Hérouard, 1901 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster Verrill, 1899 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster capitatus (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster conspicuus (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster elongatus (Sladen, 1889) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster hodgsoni (Bell, 1908) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster hodgsoni f. hodgsoni (Bell, 1889) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster hodgsoni f. stellatus (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster marginatus (Koehler, 1912) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster waitei (Koehler, 1920) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcodontaster conspicuus (Koehler, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinernus elongatus (Hertwig, 1882) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinoscyphia plebeia (McMurrich, 1893) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorActinostola crassicornis (Hertwig, 1882) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis Brandt, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis gerlachei (Monod, 1925) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis johnstoni (Hale, 1852) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcutiserolis spinosa (Kussakin, 1967) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdagnesia weddelli Monniot & Monniot, 1994 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora jeqolqa Moyano, 1989 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora secunda Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdelascopora secunda Hayward & Thorpe, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdocia tenella (Topsent, 1916) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAedicira belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAega koltuni Kussakin, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegiochus antarctica (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegiochus antarctica (Hodgson, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAegiochus glacialis (Tattersall, 1920) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus digitatus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus foliosus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus groenlandiae Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus macroura (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus ornatus Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus paramalmgreni Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus posterobranchus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus virginis (Kinberg, 1865) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaoprimnoa Bayer, 1996 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaoprimnoa stefanii Bayer, 1996 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgnezia arnaudi (Monniot & Monniot, 1974) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgnezia biscoei (Monniot & Monniot, 1983) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAimulosia Jullien, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAimulosia antarctica (Powell, 1967) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAimulosia australis Jullien, 1888 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAiptasia minima (Stephensen, 1918) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAiptasiomorpha minima (Stephenson, 1918) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAiptasiodes (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAiptasiodes prima (Stephensen, 1918) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium J.V.F.Lamouroux, 1813 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium antarcticum Waters, 1904 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium eightsi Winston & Hayward, 1994 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium flabelliforme Kirkpatrick, 1902 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium mytili Dalyell, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidioides mytili (Dalyell, 1848) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlloecarpa accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlloeocarpa Michaelsen, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlloeocarpa incrustans (Herdman, 1886) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmage sculpta Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia Busk, 1852 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia antarctica (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia cabereoides (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia gaussi (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmastigia solida (Kluge, 1914) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmblyosyllis granosa Ehlers, 1897 (additional source)

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Date   action   by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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