WoRMS source details

Calder, D. R. (1988). Shallow-water hydroids of Bermuda. The Athecatae. Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Contributions. 148: 1-107.
23852
Calder, D. R.
1988
Shallow-water hydroids of Bermuda. The Athecatae
Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Contributions
148: 1-107
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
The shallow-water athecate hydroids known from Bermuda and vicinity, comprising 26 species in 24 genera, are surveyed. Synonymies are updated for each family-, genus-, and species-group taxon represented. Six taxa are described as new to science: Corydendriinae, subf. nov., Rhizorhagiinae, subf. nov., RHIZODENDRIUM gen. nov., Rhizodendrium sterreri, sp. nov., Eudendrium bermudense, sp. nov., and Coryne sargassicola, sp. nov. Zyzzyzus warreni is proposed as a replacement name for the junior primary homonym Tubularia solitaria Warren, 1906b (not Tubularia solitaria Rapp, 1829). The tribe Pachycordylini Cockerell, 1911, is elevated to the rank of subfamily. Pachycordyle Weismann, 1883, Parawrightia Warren, 1907, and Stylactaria Stechow, 1921a, are reestablished as the valid names of genera. Tubularia muscoides Linnaeus, 1761, is designated as type species of the nominal genus Fistulana O. F. Muller, 1766a. A lectotype is designated for the conglomerate Podocoryne alderi Hodge, 1861, a nominal species based on hydroid and medusa stages referable to different genera. The invalid name Bougainvillia ramosa (van Beneden, 1844a) is replaced with the name Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863). Descriptions and illustrations are provided for each species studied, and data on nematocyst complement and size are given for all but one of them. Of the 26 species discussed, 23 occur elsewhere in the western Atlantic and 9 are reportedly circumglobal in warm waters. Eleven of the 23 previously known species are reported from Bermuda for the first time.Descriptors: RHIZODENDRIUM STERRERI new genus new species; EUDENDRIUM BERMUDENSE new species; CORYNE SARGASSICOLA new species; ZYZZYZUS WARRENI; TUBULARIA SOLITARIA; PACHYCORDYLE; PARAWRIGHTIA; STYLACTARIA; FISTULANA; TUBULARIA MUSCOIDES; PODOCORYNE ALDERI; BOUGAINVILLIA RAMOSA; BOUGAINVILLIA MUSCUS; CORYDENDRIINAE NEW SUBFAMILY; RHIZORHAGIINAE NEW SUBFAMILY; PACHYCORDYLINI, Athecataefigs. 1-59. (15.vi.1988). [Review by P.F.S. Cornelius, 1989 in: Bull. mar. Sci., 45(1): 193-194].
Tropical Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
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Acies palpebrans Lesson, 1830 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Armenista lobata Haeckel, 1888 (source of synonymy)
Armenista sigmoides Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Bougainvillia ramosa (Van Beneden, 1844) accepted as Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Bougainvilliidae Lütken, 1850 (additional source)
Chrysomitra Gegenbaur, 1857 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Chrysomitra striata Gegenbaur, 1857 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Cordylophora annulata Motz-Kosowska, 1905 accepted as Pachycordyle napolitana Weismann, 1883 (source of synonymy)
Corydendrium sessile Ritchie, 1910 accepted as Corydendrium parasiticum (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Coryne sargassicola Calder, 1988 (original description)
Corynipteridae accepted as Zancleidae Russell, 1953 (basis of record)
Corynopsis alderi (Hodge, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Discalia Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Discalia primordialis Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Discalidae Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpitidae Goldfuss, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Disconalia Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Disconalia gastroblasta Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Disconalia pectyllis Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Disconalia ramifera Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Eucoryne Leidy, 1855 accepted as Pennaria Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Eucoryne elegans Leidy, 1855 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Eudendrium bermudense Calder, 1988 (original description)
Euphysa globator Leuckart, 1856 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (basis of record)
Halocordyle cooperi Warren, 1906 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Halocordyle fragilis Vannucci, 1951 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Medusa pocillum Montagu, 1815 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Millardiana longitentaculata Wedler & Larson, 1986 (additional source)
Millepora Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (redescription)
Millepora alcicornis corniculata Esper, 1790 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora alcicornis Crustacea Esper, 1790 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora alcicornis digitata Esper, 1790 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora alcicornis ramosa Esper, 1790 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora alcicornis var. cellulosa Verrill, 1868 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora candida Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora carthaginiensis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora crista-galli Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora delicatula Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora digitata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora Esperi Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora fenestrata Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora forskali Milne Edwards, 1860 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora gothica Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora pumila Dana, 1848 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora schrammi Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Millepora trinitatis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Myrionema Pictet, 1893 (additional source)
Myrionema amboinense Pictet, 1893 (additional source)
Orthocorynidae accepted as Zancleidae Russell, 1953 (basis of record)
Palmipora de Blainville, 1830 accepted as Millepora Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Palmipora fasciculata Duchassaing, 1850 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Palmipora parasitica Duchassaing, 1850 accepted as Millepora alcicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (basis of record)
Pennaria caulini Delle Chiaje, 1841 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Pennaria gibbosa L. Agassiz, 1860 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Pennaria inornata Brooks, 1883 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (basis of record)
Pennaria pacifica Clarke, 1907 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Pennaria symmetrica Clarke, 1879 accepted as Pennaria disticha Goldfuss, 1820 (source of synonymy)
Podocoryna alderi Hodge, 1863 accepted as Bougainvillia muscus (Allman, 1863) (source of synonymy)
Podocoryne alderi Hodge, 1863 accepted as Podocoryna borealis (Mayer, 1900) (source of synonymy)
Polybrachionia Guilding, 1828 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Porpalidae Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpitidae Goldfuss, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Porpita atlantica Lesson, 1826 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita chrysocoma Lesson, 1826 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita coerulea Eschscholtz, 1825 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita forskahli de Haan, 1827 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita forskalea Oken, 1815 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita fungia Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita gigantea Péron & Lesueur, 1807 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita glandifera Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita globosa Eschscholtz, 1825 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita granulata Cranch, 1818 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita kuhlii de Haan, 1827 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita lutkeana Brandt, 1835 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita mediterranea Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita moneta Risso, 1827 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita pacifica Lesson, 1826 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (redescription)
Porpita radiata Bory de St Vincent, 1804 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita ramifera Eschscholtz, 1825 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpita reinwardtii de Haan, 1827 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Porpitae accepted as Porpitidae Goldfuss, 1818 (source of synonymy)
Porpitella Haeckel, 1888 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Rataria Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Rataria cordata Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Rataria cristata Haeckel, 1888 (basis of record)
Rataria mitrata Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Ratis Lesson, 1830 accepted as Porpita Lamarck, 1801 (source of synonymy)
Ratis medusae Lesson, 1830 accepted as Porpita porpita (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Rhizodendrium Calder, 1988 accepted as Rhizogeton Agassiz, 1862 (original description)
Rhizodendrium sterreri Calder, 1988 accepted as Rhizogeton sterreri (Calder, 1988) (original description)
Rhizogeton sterreri (Calder, 1988) (original description)
Soleniopsis dendriformis Ritchie, 1907 accepted as Corydendrium parasiticum (Linnaeus, 1767) (source of synonymy)
Velella Lamarck, 1801 (redescription)
Velella antarctica Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Velella aurora Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Velella australis de Haan, 1827 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Velella caurina Eschscholtz, 1829 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Velella cyanea Lesson, 1826 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Velella emarginata Quoy & Gaimard, 1824 accepted as Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Bermuda for Myrionema amboinense Pictet, 1893  (inaccurate)
Bermuda Islands for Rhizogeton sterreri (Calder, 1988) 
 Synonymy

Perigonimus is a synonym of Bougainvillia because its type species P. muscoides M. Sars, 1846 is accepted as ... [details]

 Taxonomic remark

See Calder (1988a: 27) for taxonomy [details]