WoRMS source details

Cairns, S.D., 1986. A revision of the Northwest Atlantic Stylasteridae (Coelenterata: Hydrozoa). Smithson. Contr. Zool. 418 : 1-131.
23826
Publication
The 42 species of stylasterid corals (Hydrozoa: Athecata: Stylasteridae) known from the Northwest Atlantic are described and illustrated, and their distributions are mapped. Twenty-one new species are described. The study is based on specimens collected from approximately 330 localities, including the collections of the National Museum of Natural History (USNM), Museum of Comparative Zoology (Harvard), and Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami (UMML) (USA). Previous literature on the fauna is reviewed. All species are illustrated by scanning electron micrographs, and about half of the species were examined by histological serial section of decalcified specimens. A dichotomous key to the eight western Atlanta genera and tabular keys to the species of Distichopora, Stylaster, and Crypthelia are provided. Distributional patterns of the western Atlantic stylasterids and comparisons to the distributional patterns of the ahermatypic Scleractinia are discussed. Few stylasterids have widespread distributions; 93% of the species are endemic to the western Atlantic. Stylaster roseus, the only shallow-water species, has the broadest distribution in the Caribbean. Unlike the deep-water Scleractinia, stylasterids are not present in waters directly adjacent to continental land masses, and thus do not occur in the Gulf of Mexico, off northern continental South America, or off Central America. Stylasterids are usually found in shallower water than ahermatypic Scleractinia: their depth range is rarely less than 100 m or more than 1000 m, but most commonly 150-440 m. Both groups, however, are most diverse in the Lesser Antilles and share several distributional patterns, i.e., Antillena, insular Straits of Florida, and continental slopes off the southeastern United States. Descriptors: DISTICHOPORA; STYLASTER ROSEUS; CRYPTHELIA; 21 NEW SPECIES, Crypthelia floridana, Crypthelia glossopoma, Crypthelia insolita, Crypthelia tenuiseptata, Distichopora anomala, Distichopora rosalindae, Distichopora uniserialis, Distichopora yucatanensis, Errina altispina, Lepidopora biserialis, Lepidopora clavigera, Lepidotheca brochi, Lepidotheca pourtalesi, Pliobothrus echinatus, Stenohelia pauciseptata, Stylaster aurantiacus, Stylaster corallium, Stylaster inornatus, Stylaster laevigatus, Stylaster spatula figs. 1-53, maps 1-25, appendix.
Systematics, Taxonomy
Zoogeography, Biogeography (generalities), Geographic distribution
Date
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia floridana Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia glossopoma Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia insolita Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia papillosa Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia peircei Pourtalès, 1867 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrypthelia tenuiseptata Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora Lamarck, 1816 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora anomala Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora cervina Pourtalès, 1871 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora contorta Pourtalès, 1878 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora foliacea Pourtalès, 1868 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora rosalindae Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora sulcata Pourtalès, 1867 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora uniserialis Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistichopora yucatanensis Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrina Gray, 1835 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrina altispina Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrina cochleata Pourtalès, 1867 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora Pourtalès, 1871 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora biserialis Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora carinata (Pourtalès, 1867) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora clavigera Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora decipiens (Boschma, 1964) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidopora glabra (Pourtalès, 1867) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidotheca Cairns, 1983 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidotheca brochi Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLepidotheca pourtalesi Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliobothrus Pourtalès, 1868 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliobothrus echinatus Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliobothrus symmetricus Pourtalès, 1868 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPliobothrus tubulatus (Pourtalès, 1867) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenohelia Kent, 1870 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenohelia pauciseptata Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenohelia profunda Moseley, 1881 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster Gray, 1831 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster antillarum Zibrowius & Cairns, 1982 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster atlanticus Broch, 1936 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster aurantiacus Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster complanatus Pourtalès, 1867 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster corallium Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster duchassaingi Pourtalès, 1867 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster erubescens Pourtalès, 1868 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster filogranus Pourtalès, 1871 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster inornatus Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster laevigatus Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster miniatus (Pourtalès, 1868) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766) (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster roseus (Pallas, 1766) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylaster spatula Cairns, 1986 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

0.5-73 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

123-368 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

123-377 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

123-759 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

125-368 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

13-298 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

139-311 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

146-1400 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

146-530 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

150-282 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

159-2021 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

159-720 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

159-837 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

161-545 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

164-708 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

165-198 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

183-1170 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

183-274 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

183-527 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

183-707 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

194-534 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

196-370 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

198-309 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

198-309 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

198-864 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

276-607 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

300-514 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

333-366 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

384-549 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

545-864 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

593-823 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

60-708 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

68-384 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

761-1557 m [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

823 m [details]