WoRMS source details

Nygren, Arne. (2004). Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta). Zootaxa. 680: 1-314.
23023
Nygren, Arne
2004
Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta)
Zootaxa
680: 1-314
Publication
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb). Monograph
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Autolytinae is revised based on available types, and newly collected specimens. Out of 170 nominal species, 18 are considered as incertae sedis, 43 are regarded as junior synonyms, and 25 are referred to as nomina dubia. The relationships of Autolytinae is assessed from 51 morphological characters and 211 states for 76 ingroup-taxa, and 460 molecular characters from mitochondrial 16S rDNA and nuclear 18S rDNA for 31 ingroup-taxa; outgroups include 12 non-autolytine syllid polychaetes. Two analyses are provided, one including morphological data only, and one with combined morphological and molecular data sets. The resulting strict consensus tree from the combined data is chosen for a reclassification. Three main clades are identified: Procerini trib. n., Autolytini Grube, 1850, and Epigamia gen. n. Proceraea Ehlers, 1864 and Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 are referred to as nomen protectum, while Scolopendra Slabber, 1781, Podonereis Blainville, 1818, Amytis Savigny, 1822, Polynice Savigny, 1822, and Nereisyllis Blainville, 1828 are considered nomina oblita. The following new generic synonymies are introduced: Myrianida Milne Edwards, 1845, senior synonym to Autolytus Grube, 1850; Pterautolytus Ehlers, 1907, and Regulatus Imajima, 1966, both junior synonyms to Proceraea Ehlers, 1864; and Autosyllis Imajima & Hartman, 1964, junior synonym to Virchowia Langerhans, 1879. The following new genera are described: Epigamia, Pachyprocerastea, Planicirrata, Paraproceraea, and Imajimaea. The following new species are described: Proceraea pleijeli from the Atlantic coast of Spain, Proceraea paraurantiaca from the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of France and Spain, and Proceraea hanssoni and Myrianida flava from Washington State, U.S.A. Proceraea madeirensis constitutes a new name for P. fasciata Langerhans, 1879 and 50 new combinations are introduced. Additionally, a number of species-level synonymies are proposed. Phylogenetic name definitions are given in parallel to a Linnean classification. Corresponding author: Arne Nygren, E-mail: arne.nygren@zool.gu.se 
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmytis Savigny, 1822 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea Ehlers, 1864 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmytis prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytides Malaquin, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytinae Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytinae incertae sedis (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytini Langerhans, 1879 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus Grube, 1850 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytides) Malaquin, 1893 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida Milne Edwards, 1845 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytides) anoplos Monro, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea anopla (Monro, 1933) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytides) inermis Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida inermis (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytus) dentalius Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida dentalia (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytus) pentadentatus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida pentadentata (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytus) spinoculatus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida spinoculata (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Autolytus) tsugarus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImajimaea tsugara (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Polybostrichus) triangulifer Grube, 1878 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Proceraea) ornatus Marion & Bobretzky, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida rubropunctata (Grube, 1860) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Proceraea) picta Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea picta Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) alternata Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alternata (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) boreatus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea boreata (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) charcoti Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia charcoti (Gravier, 1906) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) misakiensis Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea misakiensis (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) misakiensis longilappetus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea longilappeta (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) mukaishimus Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea mukaishima (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) nipponensis Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia noroi (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) penetrans Wright & Woodwick, 1977 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea penetrans (Wright & Woodwick, 1977) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) setoensis Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea setoensis (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) usaensis Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia usaensis (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) vulgarius Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea vulgaria (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Stephanosyllis) Claparède, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus alexandri Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus alternata Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alternata (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus arboreus Westheide, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida arborea (Westheide, 1974) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus benazzii Cognetti, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus bicolor Rullier, 1972 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus bidens Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis enopla Verrill, 1900 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus brachycephalus (Marenzeller, 1874) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus branchiatus Averincev, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVirchowia branchiata (Averincev, 1972) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus brevicirrata Winternitz, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida brevicirrata (Winternitz, 1936) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus charcoti Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia charcoti (Gravier, 1906) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus convolutus Cognetti, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida convoluta (Cognetti, 1953) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus dentalius Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida dentalia (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus devaneyi Hartmann-Schröder, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus edwardsi Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus edwarsi Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida edwarsi (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus ehbiensis Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus emertoni Verrill, 1881 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus fallax Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea cornuta (Agassiz, 1862) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus fasciatus (Bosc, 1802) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea fasciata (Bosc, 1802) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus gibber Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus maclearanus McIntosh, 1885 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus groenlandicus Wesenberg-Lund, 1947 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus emertoni Verrill, 1881 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus hesperidium Claparède, 1868 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida hesperidium (Claparède, 1868) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus incertus Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus inermis Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida inermis (Saint Joseph, 1887) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus irregularis Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida irregularis (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus juventudensis San Martín, 1994 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida juventudensis (San Martín, 1994) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus labordai San Martín & López, 2002 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia labordai (San Martín & López, 2002) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus langerhansi Gidholm, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida langerhansi (Gidholm, 1967) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus longeferiens Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus longigula Verrill, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus longoprimicirratus López, San Martín & Jiménez, 1997 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida longoprimicirrata (López, San Martín & Jiménez, 1997) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus longstaffi Ehlers, 1912 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus lugens Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus maclearanus McIntosh, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus macrophtalmus (Marenzeller, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia macrophtalma (Marenzeller, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus magnus Berkeley, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia magna (Berkeley, 1923) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus megodon Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea scapularis (Claparède, 1864) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus mirabilis Verrill, 1882 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus multidentatus Hartmann-Schröder, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontosyllis multidentatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959) (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus multidenticulatus Westheide, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida multidenticulata (Westheide, 1974) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus neapolitanus Cognetti, 1953 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus newtoni Malmgren, 1867 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus nipponensis Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia noroi (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus noroi Imajima & Hartman, 1964 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia noroi (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus obliquatus Chamberlin, 1919 (redescription)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus paradoxus Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia alexandri (Malmgren, 1867) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus pictus Ehlers, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea picta Ehlers, 1864 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus planipalpus Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia planipalpa (Chamberlin, 1919) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus prismaticus (O.F. Müller, 1776) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus prolifer (O.F. Müller, 1788) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus prolifer australiensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1982 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida australiensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida prolifera (O.F. Müller, 1788) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus punctatus Saint Joseph, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida brachycephala (Marenzeller, 1874) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus quindecemdentatus [auct. misspelling for 'quindecimdentatus'] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus quindecimdentatus Langerhans, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus quinquedecimdentatus [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida quindecimdentata (Langerhans, 1884) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus rangiroaensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida rangiroaensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1992) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus roseus Claparède, 1864 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus rubrolineatus Gildhom, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida irregularis (Imajima & Hartman, 1964) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus rubropunctatus (Grube, 1860) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida rubropunctata (Grube, 1860) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus rubrovittatus Claparède, 1864 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus sardai San Martín & Alós, 1987 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia macrophtalma (Marenzeller, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus smittiae Malaquin, 1893 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus solitarius Webster & Benedict, 1887 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus spirifer Augener, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVirchowia spirifer (Augener, 1913) (new combination reference)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus syllisetosus Langerhans, 1884 (status source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus torquens Chamberlin, 1919 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus obliquatus Chamberlin, 1919 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus trilineatus Berkeley & Berkeley, 1945 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea prismatica (O.F. Müller, 1776) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus tyrrhenicus Cognetti, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida tyrrhenica (Cognetti, 1953) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus usaensis Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia usaensis (Imajima, 1966) (new combination reference)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia charcoti (Gravier, 1906)  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia usaensis (Imajima, 1966)  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLevidorum scotiarum Hartman, 1967  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyrianida pulchella Day, 1953  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllosyllis Ehlers, 1897  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllosyllis albida Ehlers, 1897  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlanicirrata Nygren, 2004  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlanicirrata proceraeae (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1990)  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea fasciata (Bosc, 1802)  (inaccurate)
European waters (ERMS scope) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea ornata Verrill, 1873  (inaccurate)
Holotype NHMUK 1932.12.24.106, locality Gorgona Island, identified as Chaunorhynchus crosslandi Monro, 1933
Holotype NHMW 2512, locality Madeiran Exclusive Economic Zone, identified as Proceraea madeirensis Nygren, 2004
Holotype SMNH 5947, locality Gulf of Cadiz, identified as Proceraea pleijeli Nygren, 2004
Holotype SMNH 5948, locality Gulf of Cadiz, identified as Proceraea paraurantiaca Nygren, 2004
Holotype SMNH 5949, locality Washington (State), identified as Proceraea hanssoni Nygren, 2004
Holotype SMNH 5952, locality San Juan Island, identified as Myrianida flava Nygren, 2004
Holotype ZMH P-13620, locality Galapagos, identified as Myrianida arborea (Westheide, 1974)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Association

The sample that contained the type specimens also contained specimens of Cronoidea, Decapoda and Pennatulacea, and ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Classification

According to Nygren (2004) the taxonomic position of this species within the Autolytinae is ambiguous but most ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

Procerini is a tribus of the subfamily Autolytinae and is parent taxon of the genera Procerarea, Virchowia, ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

Since this species belongs to Myrianida incertae sedis, the original generic name Autolytus (now synonym of ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

The genus Umbellisyllis does not belong to Autolytinae as previously stated, it has been erected by Sars in 1869 ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

The genus was previously placed within Autolytinae, however it possibly belongs to an eusyllin taxon [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

The taxonomic position of this species within Autolytinae is ambiguous; thus, even tough the name Autolytus is ... [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editor Classification

The taxonomic position of this species within Autolytinae is ambiguous; thus, even tough the name Autolytus is ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Depth range

0-1 m. [details]

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0-20 m. [details]

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1 m. [details]

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1 m. [details]

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1-150 m. [details]

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1-2 m. [details]

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140 m. [details]

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40 m. [details]

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40-50 m. Unknown in the original description, found inside a fish basket. [details]

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Fom shallow waters to 40 m, most common from 0-5 m.  [details]

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From intertidal (USA) to subtidal (Japan and Atlantic).  [details]

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From low intertidal to 10 m.  [details]

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From low intertidal to subtidal.  [details]

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From low intertidal, but mostly subtidal.  [details]

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From low intertidal, but mostly subtidal.  [details]

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Intertidal and shallow waters.  [details]

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Intertidal and subtidal.  [details]

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Intertidal to 12 m.  [details]

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Intertidal to 140 meters. [details]

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Intertidal to 30 m. [details]

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Intertidal to 40 m. [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Intertidal.  [details]

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Littoral to 56 m.  [details]

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Mostly intertidal.  [details]

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Shallow waters to about 10 m.  [details]

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Shallow waters, 0-10 m.  [details]

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Shallow waters, 1-30 m.  [details]

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Shalow water (known from 1 m depth).  [details]

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Sublittoral.  [details]

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Sublittoral.  [details]

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Sublittoral.  [details]

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Subtidal.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Epigamia with long nuchal epaulettes; ciliation as 2 trochs per segment; long compound blades; trepan with 36 ... [details]

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Epigamia with long nuchal epaulettes; compounds with long blades; trepan with teeth in 3 sizes, 1 large alternating ... [details]

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Epigamia with very large eyes, dorsal cirri from chaetiger 3 flattened and filled with "empty" glands, and a trepan ... [details]

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Epigamia with a DDU-group posterior to chaetiger 27, a much convoluted pharynx, and a trepan with 1 large tooth ... [details]

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Epigamia with long alternating dorsal cirri and a trepan consisting of 27 teeth, 1 large alternating with 2 smaller ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diagnosis

Epigamia with a trepan of 27 teeth, 1 large alternating with 2 smaller in 2 rings, in addition small spines at the ... [details]

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Epigamia with bright yellow middorsal line; trepan with 27 teeth, 1 large alternating with 2 smaller in 2 rings, ... [details]

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Myrianida with characteristic trepan: 2 large teeth laterally positioned with 7-10 dorsal teeth, and 14-17 ventral ... [details]

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Myrianida with spectacular coloration, yellowish to orange with blue spots, and blue appendages; trepan with c. 11 ... [details]

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Myrianida with 40 unequal teeth in trepan, 1 large alternating with 1 much smaller.  [details]

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Myrianida with unique trepan, 4-5 large teeth and 25-39 smaller, 1 large alternating with 4-13 smaller, large teeth ... [details]

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Myrianida with extension of nuchal epaulettes to end of chaetiger 2; cirrostyles much flattened.  [details]

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Myrianida with 24-33 equal teeth in trepan, and a well-developed basal ring with infradental spines; cirrophores ... [details]

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Myrianida with hyaline inclusions in all appendages, trepan with 33-43 equal teeth.  [details]

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Myrianida with dictinctly flattened dorsal cirrostyles; colour of live specimens white with orange to red dorsal ... [details]

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Myrianida with brilliant white median antenna and anal cirri; trepan with 16-18 equal teeth.  [details]

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Myrianida with five teeth in trepan, long sinuation past small proventricle, with 7-8 rows of muscle cells; ... [details]

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Myrianida with 4 dorsal red spots on each segment.  [details]

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Myrianida with unique trepan: 56-65 unequal teeth in several sizes, arranged in 9 groups with c. 6-8 unequal teeth ... [details]

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Myrianida with saffron-yellow colour; long alternating dorsal cirri with equal cirrophores, and unequal ... [details]

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Myrianida with c. 20 equal teeth; nuchal epaulettes extending over chaetiger 2; equal cirri with equal cirrophores ... [details]

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Proceraea with characteristic colour markings in red and black; nuchal epaulettes reaching end of chaetiger 2; ... [details]

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Proceraea with 2 longitudinal lines; trepan with 18 large and 9 smaller teeth; arranged in 2 rings.  [details]

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Proceraea with 2 indistinct longitudinal black lines along the sides.  [details]

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Proceraea with 9 large teeth alternating with 18 smaller in 2 rings, small teeth fused for half their length.  [details]

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Epigamous male with distinctly flattened basal part on bifid antennae.  [details]

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Large orange Epigamia with c. 40-50 equal teeth; large equal cirrophores, long unequal dorsal cirrostyles; large ... [details]

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Orange-greenish with brilliant orange proventricle, parapodial bases with one red spot; pharynx often sinuated like ... [details]

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Procerini with flattened lanceolate cirrostyles.  [details]

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Feeds on Tubularia larynx, T. indivisa, T. crocea and Syncoryne eximia.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Diet

Feeds on hydroids like Laomedea geniculata, L. longissima, and Lafoea sp. (Gidholm, 1967).  [details]