WoRMS source details

Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I. (2012). Revision of Flabelligera Sars, 1829 (Polychaeta: Flabelligeridae). Zootaxa. (3203):1-64.
Salazar-Vallejo, Sergio I.
Revision of Flabelligera Sars, 1829 (Polychaeta: Flabelligeridae)
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyD)
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Flabelligera Sars, 1829 is the type genus for Flabelligeridae de Saint-Joseph, 1894 and includes species common in temperate or cold waters in the world oceans. Together with Flabelliderma Hartman, 1969 they are the only genera whose neurohooks have multiarticulate handles and bending crests. However, Flabelliderma species differ because they form large notopodial lobes, and often have dorsal sediment tubercles. The revision of all type and non-type materials resulted in the distinction of five body patterns within Flabelligera; they can be recognized on the basis of body shape, tunic development, parapodial position, notopodial alignment, and shape of neurohooks. Flabelligera is restricted and four genera are proposed: Annenkova (neurohooks with crests tapered, apparently segmented), Flabegraviera (notopodia in laterally descending series, notochaetae and neurochaetae in cylindrical sheaths, markedly longer than body width), Flabehlersia(body fusiform, notopodia ventrolateral) and Flabesymbios (body papillae not covered by tunic, notopodia dorsal with papillae in fan-shaped pattern, neuropodia ventral). Flabelligera contains 16 species with three newly described and a replacement name is proposed: F. haswelli n. n. pro F. affine Haswell, F. nuniezi n. sp. from the Northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea, F. orensanzi n. sp. from the Southwestern Atlantic, and F. salazarae n. sp. from the Eastern tropical Pacific. Annenkova is monotypic: A. mastigophora (Annenkova, 1952) n. comb. from the Northwestern Pacific. Flabegraviera contains F. mundata (Gravier, 1906) n. comb. and F. profunda n. sp. both from the Antarctic. Flabehlersia includes two species: F. induta (Ehlers, 1897) n. comb. from Tierra del Fuego and F. persimilis (Annenkova-Chlopina 1924) n. comb. from the Northwestern Pacific. Flabesymbios contains two species living on Northeastern Pacific sea-urchins: F. commensalis (Moore, 1909) n. comb. on Strongylocentrotus and F. roberti n. sp. on Centrostephanus.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2016-10-25 21:34:50Z

Holotype CAS CAS-20706, locality Carmel Bay, identified as Flabelligera commensalis Moore, 1909
Holotype LACM LACM-AHF-2548, locality Santa Catalina Island, identified as Flabesymbios roberti Salazar-Vallejo, 2012

author: "Body blunt anteriorly, tapered posteriorly. Tunic thick, parchment like, including most papillae. Cephalic ... [details]


Central California, U.S.A. to northwestern Baja California Sur, Mexico. [details]


author: "Flabesymbios is a free combination between the first few letters of Flabelligera and the Greek word ... [details]


author: "named by combining the first few letters of Flabelligera and the last name of the late Charles Gravier, ... [details]


author: Flabesymbios roberti "named after Robert B. Spies, who made significant contributions to our knowledge on ... [details]

 Grammatical gender

feminine (author) [details]

 Grammatical gender

neuter, as designated by author. [details]


Associated with sea urchins (Strongylocentrotus franciscanus and S. purpuratus) in low intertidal and subtidal ... [details]


Previously thought to be the same as Flabesymbio commensalis (as Flabelligera commensalis) [details]


See Salazar-Vallejo (2012:7) for a commentary on 'Siphostoma' and variant usages. quote: "Otto (1820) introduced ... [details]


Salazar-Vallejo (2012:18) stated "The original combination had a misconstructed adjective. Thus, it might have to ... [details]


Flabesymbios commensalis (Moore, 1909) and Flabesymbios roberti Salazar-Vallejo, 2012 "both live between sea ... [details]


There is no type material left and a final decision about its status was postponed in my revision of Flabelligera. [details]

 Type locality

Fourth of July Cove, 33.4481°, -118.4986° (33°26'53" N, 118°29'55" W), Santa Catalina Island, California on ... [details]

 Type locality

Pescadero Point (gazetteer 36.5606°, -121.9514°), Monterey, California, subtidal, commensal on Strongylocentrotus ... [details]