WoRMS name details

Siphostoma Otto, 1820

324756  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:324756)

 unaccepted (junior homonym, de facto replaced by Siphonostoma Otto,1821)
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Otto, Adolfus Guilielmus. (1820). De Sternaspide thalassemoideo et Siphostomate diplochaito vermibus duobus marinis. [Epistola Gratulatoria quam ad celebrandum diem laetissimum VI Marti MDCCCXX (etc, etc)]. <em>Vratislaviae.</em> pp.16, 2 plates. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Nomenclature Otto (1820) is a short precis work entirely in Latin in which Otto introduces the name, Siphostoma diplochaitus, then in a...  
Nomenclature Otto (1820) is a short precis work entirely in Latin in which Otto introduces the name, Siphostoma diplochaitus, then in a larger work the following year Otto (1821) simply changed the spelling of Siphostoma to Siphonostoma, without explanation, Authors have dignified this change as a deliberate act of replacement, but the evidence for this view may be lacking. Nevertheless Siphonostoma was de facto the spelling used subsequently. See Salazar-Vallejo (2012:7) for one view on 'Siphostoma' and its variant usages.
quote: "Otto (1820) introduced the name Siphostoma by fusing the Greek words for pipe (siphon, masculine) and mouth (stoma, neuter). One year later, probably after noticing that the name was already used in sygnathid fishes (Siphostoma Rafinesque, 1810), he proposed Siphonostoma. Thus, Siphonostoma Otto, 1821 was regarded as a replacement name for Siphostoma by Sherborn (1930:5993), and by Neave (1939, 4:206) and, regretfully, there were two other cases for the same name: one in rotifers (Siphonostoma Zenker, 1832), and another in mollusks (Siphonostoma Guilding, 1840). Thus, although the flabelligerid name would be the older one, Grube (1840:68) introduced Siphonostomum which is an orthographic emendation of the gender. Nevertheless, Siphonostoma Otto, 1821, would have priority over Flabelligera Sars, 1829."
Salazar-Vallejo (2012) then suggests "Agassiz (1846) proposed Siphonostoma as a replacement name to solve the homonymy between Siphostoma Rafinesque, 1810 and Siphostoma Otto, 1820." However, it is difficult to see why he and others list Agassiz as creating an additional Siphonostoma name. Agassiz's work is a checklist-like compilation like Neave's and Sherborn's indices, and lists genera and their authors. Both Otto and Rafinesque are listed for their Siphostoma names, and Agassiz adds Siphonostoma as his preferred spelling for both for no obvious reason, as he does many times for other taxa. Neave (nomenclator zoologicus) correctly reports Siphonostoma Agassiz 1846 as an emendment to both Otto 1820 and Rafinesque 1810 Siphostoma names. Agassiz's listing is irrelevant here and the added names are gratuitous and superfluous. Siphostoma Rafinesque is available and doesn't need changing, and Siphostoma Otto 1820 is a junior homonym and was already replaced at the time  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Siphostoma Otto, 1820. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=324756 on 2021-12-09
Date
action
by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-01-30 01:31:46Z
changed
2014-05-20 23:24:02Z
changed
2021-05-04 06:55:51Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Otto, Adolfus Guilielmus. (1820). De Sternaspide thalassemoideo et Siphostomate diplochaito vermibus duobus marinis. [Epistola Gratulatoria quam ad celebrandum diem laetissimum VI Marti MDCCCXX (etc, etc)]. <em>Vratislaviae.</em> pp.16, 2 plates. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Otto, A. G. (1821). Animalium maritimorum nondum editorum genera duo. <em>Nova Acta Physico-Medica Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Naturae Curiosorum.</em> 10(2): 617-634, Plates 50-51., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/37021183
note: Otto replaced his Siphostoma with the spelling Siphonostoma [details]   
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Otto (1820) is a short precis work entirely in Latin in which Otto introduces the name, Siphostoma diplochaitus, then in a larger work the following year Otto (1821) simply changed the spelling of Siphostoma to Siphonostoma, without explanation, Authors have dignified this change as a deliberate act of replacement, but the evidence for this view may be lacking. Nevertheless Siphonostoma was de facto the spelling used subsequently. See Salazar-Vallejo (2012:7) for one view on 'Siphostoma' and its variant usages.
quote: "Otto (1820) introduced the name Siphostoma by fusing the Greek words for pipe (siphon, masculine) and mouth (stoma, neuter). One year later, probably after noticing that the name was already used in sygnathid fishes (Siphostoma Rafinesque, 1810), he proposed Siphonostoma. Thus, Siphonostoma Otto, 1821 was regarded as a replacement name for Siphostoma by Sherborn (1930:5993), and by Neave (1939, 4:206) and, regretfully, there were two other cases for the same name: one in rotifers (Siphonostoma Zenker, 1832), and another in mollusks (Siphonostoma Guilding, 1840). Thus, although the flabelligerid name would be the older one, Grube (1840:68) introduced Siphonostomum which is an orthographic emendation of the gender. Nevertheless, Siphonostoma Otto, 1821, would have priority over Flabelligera Sars, 1829."
Salazar-Vallejo (2012) then suggests "Agassiz (1846) proposed Siphonostoma as a replacement name to solve the homonymy between Siphostoma Rafinesque, 1810 and Siphostoma Otto, 1820." However, it is difficult to see why he and others list Agassiz as creating an additional Siphonostoma name. Agassiz's work is a checklist-like compilation like Neave's and Sherborn's indices, and lists genera and their authors. Both Otto and Rafinesque are listed for their Siphostoma names, and Agassiz adds Siphonostoma as his preferred spelling for both for no obvious reason, as he does many times for other taxa. Neave (nomenclator zoologicus) correctly reports Siphonostoma Agassiz 1846 as an emendment to both Otto 1820 and Rafinesque 1810 Siphostoma names. Agassiz's listing is irrelevant here and the added names are gratuitous and superfluous. Siphostoma Rafinesque is available and doesn't need changing, and Siphostoma Otto 1820 is a junior homonym and was already replaced at the time  [details]