WoRMS source details

Liltved W.R. (2000) Cowries and their relatives of southern Africa. A study of the southern African cypraeacean and velutinacean gastropod fauna. Seacomber Publications. 224 pp.
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Calpurnus lacteus (Lamarck, 1810) accepted as Procalpurnus lacteus (Lamarck, 1810) (basis of record)
Calpurnus verrucosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Crenavolva azumai (C. N. Cate, 1970) accepted as Dentiovula azumai (C. N. Cate, 1970) (additional source)
Crenavolva draperi C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973 accepted as Cuspivolva draperi C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973 (additional source)
Crenavolva rosewateri C. N. Cate, 1973 accepted as Primovula rosewateri (C. N. Cate, 1973) (additional source)
Crenavolva septemmacula (Azuma, 1974) accepted as Rotaovula septemmacula (Azuma, 1974) (basis of record)
Crenavolva striatula (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828) (additional source)
Cymbovula deflexa (G. B. Sowerby II, 1848) accepted as Naviculavolva deflexa (G. B. Sowerby II, 1848) (additional source)
Cymbovula segaliana C. N. Cate, 1976 accepted as Cuspivolva queenslandica (C. N. Cate, 1974) (basis of record)
Cypraea alfredensis (Schilder & Schilder, 1929) accepted as Cypraeovula alfredensis (Schilder & Schilder, 1929) (additional source)
Cypraea algoensis Gray, 1825 accepted as Cypraeovula algoensis (Gray, 1825) (additional source)
Cypraea amphithales Melvill, 1888 accepted as Cypraeovula amphithales (Melvill, 1888) (additional source)
Cypraea barclayi Reeve, 1857 accepted as Paradusta barclayi (Reeve, 1857) (basis of record)
Cypraea broderipii J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Callistocypraea broderipii (J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (additional source)
Cypraea capensis Gray, 1828 accepted as Cypraeovula capensis (Gray, 1828) (additional source)
Cypraea capensis f. elizabethensis Rous, 1905 accepted as Cypraeovula capensis (Gray, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Cypraea carnea Gray, 1828 accepted as Triviella carnea (Gray, 1828) (source of synonymy)
Cypraea carnea var. oblonga Gray, 1828 (source of synonymy)
Cypraea citrina Gray, 1825 accepted as Naria citrina (Gray, 1825) (additional source)
Cypraea cohenae Burgess, 1965 accepted as Cypraeovula cohenae (Burgess, 1965) (additional source)
Cypraea connelli Liltved, 1983 accepted as Cypraeovula connelli (Liltved, 1983) (basis of record)
Cypraea coronata (Schilder, 1930) accepted as Cypraeovula coronata (Schilder, 1930) (additional source)
Cypraea cruickshanki Kilburn, 1972 accepted as Cypraeovula cruickshanki (Kilburn, 1972) (additional source)
Cypraea edentula Gray, 1825 accepted as Cypraeovula edentula (Gray, 1825) (additional source)
Cypraea fultoni G. B. Sowerby III, 1903 accepted as Afrozoila fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) accepted as Barycypraea fultoni (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) (additional source)
Cypraea fuscodentata Gray, 1825 accepted as Cypraeovula fuscodentata (J.E. Gray, 1825) (additional source)
Cypraea fuscorubra Shaw, 1909 accepted as Cypraeovula fuscorubra (Shaw, 1909) (additional source)
Cypraea histrio Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Mauritia histrio (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Cypraea iutsui (Shikama, 1974) accepted as Cypraeovula iutsui Shikama, 1974 (additional source)
Cypraea lisetae Kilburn, 1975 accepted as Nesiocypraea lisetae (Kilburn, 1975) (additional source)
Cypraea rosea W. Wood, 1828 accepted as Triviella aperta (Swainson, 1822) (source of synonymy)
Cypraea verhoefi Burgess, 1982 accepted as Cypraeovula castanea (Higgins, 1868) (additional source)
Cypraeovula castanea castanea (Higgins, 1868) represented as Cypraeovula castanea (Higgins, 1868) (basis of record)
Cypraeovula castanea latebrosa Swarts & Liltved in Liltved, 2000 (original description)
Cypraeovula iutsui Shikama, 1974 (basis of record)
Dentiovula eizoi C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973 (additional source)
Erato gallinacea (Hinds, 1844) accepted as Alaerato gallinacea (Hinds, 1844) (basis of record)
Erato prayensis Rochebrune, 1882 (additional source)
Erato recondita Melvill & Standen, 1903 accepted as Sulcerato recondita (Melvill & Standen, 1903) (basis of record)
Erato sulcifera J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832 accepted as Eratoena sulcifera (J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (basis of record)
Galeravolva aenigma (Azuma & C. N. Cate, 1971) accepted as Habuprionovolva aenigma (Azuma & C. N. Cate, 1971) (additional source)
Habuprionovolva choshiensis (C. N. Cate, 1973) accepted as Prionovolva choshiensis (C. N. Cate, 1973) (basis of record)
Margovula pyriformis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828) (additional source)
Margovula schilderorum Cate, 1973 accepted as Margovula marginata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828) (basis of record)
Neosimnia spelta (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Simnia spelta (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Ovula costellata Lamarck, 1810 (additional source)
Ovula ishibashii auctt. accepted as Ovula isibasii (Kuroda, 1929) (additional source)
Ovula ovum (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Pedicularia elegantissima Deshayes, 1863 (additional source)
Phenacovolva aurantia (G. B. Sowerby III, 1889) (additional source)
Phenacovolva brevirostris (Schumacher, 1817) (additional source)
Phenacovolva fusula C. N. Cate & Azuma, 1973 (additional source)
Phenacovolva gracillima (E. A. Smith, 1901) accepted as Calcarovula gracillima (E. A. Smith, 1901) (additional source)
Phenacovolva hirasei (Pilsbry, 1913) accepted as Quasisimnia hirasei (Pilsbry, 1913) (additional source)
Phenacovolva honkakujiana (Kuroda, 1929) accepted as Takasagovolva honkakujiana (Kuroda, 1929) (additional source)
Phenacovolva lahainaensis (C. N. Cate, 1969) (additional source)
Phenacovolva longirostrata (G.B. Sowerby I, 1828) accepted as Calcarovula longirostrata (G.B. Sowerby I, 1828) (additional source)
Phenacovolva recurva (G. B. Sowerby II in A. Adams & Reeve, 1848) (additional source)
Phenacovolva rehderi C. N. Cate, 1973 (additional source)
Phenacovolva rosea (A. Adams, 1855) (additional source)
Phenacovolva rugosa (Cate & Azuma in Cate, 1973) accepted as Hiatavolva rugosa (C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973) accepted as Aclyvolva coarctata (G. B. Sowerby II in Adams & Reeve, 1848) (additional source)
Phenacovolva weaveri C. N. Cate, 1973 accepted as Phenacovolva lahainaensis (C. N. Cate, 1969) (additional source)
Primovula beckeri (G. B. Sowerby III, 1900) (additional source)
Primovula diaphana Liltved, 1987 accepted as Pseudosimnia diaphana (Liltved, 1987) (additional source)
Primovula habui C. N. Cate, 1973 accepted as Cuspivolva habui (C. N. Cate, 1973) (additional source)
Primovula santacarolinensis C. N. Cate, 1978 (additional source)
Primovula singularis C. N. Cate, 1973 accepted as Cuspivolva singularis (C. N. Cate, 1973) (additional source)
Prionovolva freemani Liltved & Millard, 1994 accepted as Testudovolva freemani (Liltved & Millard, 1994) (basis of record)
Prionovolva pudica (A. Adams, 1855) accepted as Prionovolva brevis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828) (additional source)
Prosimnia semperi (Weinkauff, 1881) (additional source)
Proterato capensis Schilder, 1933 accepted as Eratoena sulcifera (J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (source of synonymy)
Pseudocypraea adamsonii (J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (additional source)
Pseudocypraea exquisita Petuch, 1979 (additional source)
Pseudosimnia alabaster (Reeve, 1865) accepted as Diminovula alabaster (Reeve, 1865) (additional source)
Pseudosimnia jeanae (C. N. Cate, 1973) (new combination reference)
Serratovolva minabeensis C. N. Cate, 1975 (basis of record)
Testudovolva pulchella (H. Adams, 1873) (basis of record)
Trivia calvariola Kilburn, 1980 accepted as Triviella calvariola (Kilburn, 1980) (basis of record)
Trivia costata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Triviella costata (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Trivia dartevellei Knudsen, 1955 accepted as Discotrivia depauperata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1832) (additional source)
Trivia debruini Lorenz, 1994 accepted as Triviella debruini (Lorenz, 1994) (basis of record)
Trivia eratoides Liltved, 1986 accepted as Triviella eratoides (Liltved, 1986) (additional source)
Trivia globosa (Gray in G. B. Sowerby II, 1832) accepted as Cleotrivia globosa (Gray in G. B. Sowerby II, 1832) (basis of record)
Trivia goslineri Liltved & Millard, 1994 accepted as Triviella goslineri (Liltved & Millard, 1994) (basis of record)
Trivia hallucinata Liltved, 1984 accepted as Semitrivia hallucinata (Liltved, 1984) (basis of record)
Trivia hordacea (Kiener, 1844) accepted as Trivirostra hordacea (Kiener, 1844) (basis of record)
Trivia khanya Liltved, 1986 accepted as Triviella khanya (Liltved, 1986) (additional source)
Trivia lemaitrei Liltved, 1986 accepted as Triviella lemaitrei (Liltved, 1986) (additional source)
Trivia liltvedi Gofas, 1984 accepted as Niveria liltvedi (Gofas, 1984) (additional source)
Trivia millardi (C. N. Cate, 1979) accepted as Triviella millardi (C. N. Cate, 1979) (additional source)
Trivia multicostata Liltved, 1986 accepted as Triviella multicostata (Liltved, 1986) (additional source)
Trivia neglecta (F. A. Schilder, 1930) accepted as Triviella neglecta F. A. Schilder, 1930 (basis of record)
Trivia oryza (Lamarck, 1810) accepted as Trivirostra oryza (Lamarck, 1810) (additional source)
Trivia ovulata (Lamarck, 1810) accepted as Triviella ovulata (Lamarck, 1810) (additional source)
Trivia pellucidula (Gaskoin, 1846) accepted as Trivirostra pellucidula (Reeve, 1846) (basis of record)
Trivia phalacra (Schilder, 1930) accepted as Triviella phalacra F. A. Schilder, 1930 (additional source)
Trivia producta (Gaskoin, 1836) accepted as Dolichupis producta (Gaskoin, 1836) (basis of record)
Trivia rubra Shaw, 1909 accepted as Triviella rubra (Shaw, 1909) (basis of record)
Trivia sanctispiritus Shikama, 1974 accepted as Triviella sanctispiritus (Shikama, 1974) (additional source)
Trivia splendidissima (Tomlin & F. A. Schilder, 1934) accepted as Triviella splendidissima Tomlin & F. A. Schilder, 1934 (basis of record)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Cypraea spurca Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Cypraea stercoraria Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Cypraea zonaria Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Erato prayensis Rochebrune, 1882  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Neosimnia spelta (Linnaeus, 1758)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Trivia dartevellei Knudsen, 1955 
Bazaruto Archipelago for Primovula santacarolinensis C. N. Cate, 1978 
Chagos for Cypraea barclayi Reeve, 1857  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Diego Garcia Atoll for Cypraea barclayi Reeve, 1857  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Inhaca for Erosaria citrina (Gray, 1825) 
Inhaca Island for Cypraea citrina Gray, 1825 
Madagascan Exclusive Economic Zone for Prosimnia semperi (Weinkauff, 1881)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mascarene Islands for Crenavolva septemmacula (Azuma, 1974)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Cypraea fultoni G. B. Sowerby III, 1903  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Primovula beckeri (G. B. Sowerby III, 1900)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Prionovolva pudica (A. Adams, 1855)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Pseudosimnia alabaster (Reeve, 1865)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Cypraea pyrum Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Calpurnus lacteus (Lamarck, 1810)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Crenavolva azumai (C. N. Cate, 1970)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Crenavolva rosewateri C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Crenavolva septemmacula (Azuma, 1974)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Crenavolva striatula (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828)  (doubtful) (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cymbovula deflexa (G. B. Sowerby II, 1848)  (inaccurate) (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cymbovula segaliana C. N. Cate, 1976  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea beckii Gaskoin, 1836  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea broderipii J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea caurica Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea cernica G. B. Sowerby II, 1870  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea cicercula Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea contaminata J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea diluculum Reeve, 1845  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea felina Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea fultoni G. B. Sowerby III, 1903  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea gangranosa Dillwyn, 1817  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea histrio Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea isabella Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea labrolineata Gaskoin, 1849  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea limacina Lamarck, 1810  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea lisetae Kilburn, 1975  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea lynx Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea mappa Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea mauritiana Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea moneta Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea nucleus Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea owenii J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea poraria Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea punctata Linnaeus, 1771  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea scurra Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea stolida Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea talpa Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea teres Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cypraea ziczac Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Dentiovula eizoi C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Erato recondita Melvill & Standen, 1903  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Galeravolva aenigma (Azuma & C. N. Cate, 1971)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Habuprionovolva choshiensis (C. N. Cate, 1973)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Margovula pyriformis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1828)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Margovula schilderorum Cate, 1973  (inaccurate) (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Ovula ishibashii auctt. 
Natal for Pedicularia elegantissima Deshayes, 1863  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Phenacovolva fusula C. N. Cate & Azuma, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Phenacovolva gracillima (E. A. Smith, 1901)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Phenacovolva recurva (G. B. Sowerby II in A. Adams & Reeve, 1848)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Phenacovolva rehderi C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Primovula diaphana Liltved, 1987  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Primovula habui C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Primovula santacarolinensis C. N. Cate, 1978  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Primovula singularis C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Prionovolva freemani Liltved & Millard, 1994  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Prosimnia semperi (Weinkauff, 1881)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Pseudocypraea adamsonii (J. E. Gray in G. B. Sowerby I, 1832)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Pseudocypraea exquisita Petuch, 1979  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Pseudosimnia jeanae (C. N. Cate, 1973)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Serratovolva minabeensis C. N. Cate, 1975  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Testudovolva pulchella (H. Adams, 1873)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Trivia hallucinata Liltved, 1984  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Trivia producta (Gaskoin, 1836)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Volva volva (Linnaeus, 1758)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Richards Bay for Primovula diaphana Liltved, 1987 
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Crenavolva draperi C. N. Cate & Azuma in C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea caputserpentis Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea chinensis Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea clandestina Linnaeus, 1767  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea cribraria Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea erosa Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea fimbriata Gmelin, 1791  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea helvola Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea lamarckii J.E. Gray, 1825  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea marginalis Dillwyn, 1817  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea staphylaea Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraea vitellus Linnaeus, 1758  (origin: native - non-endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraeovula castanea (Higgins, 1868)  (origin: native - endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Cypraeovula edentula (Gray, 1825)  (origin: native - endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Phenacovolva aurantia (G. B. Sowerby III, 1889)  (origin: native - endemic)
South African part of the Indian Ocean for Primovula beckeri (G. B. Sowerby III, 1900)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Taiwanese Exclusive Economic Zone for Primovula singularis C. N. Cate, 1973  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Vema Seamount for Trivia vemacola Liltved, 1987