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Porifera taxon details

Leucandra henrycarteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423790  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423790)

accepted
Species
Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 24 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature Here we cite Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 24) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Leucandra...  
Nomenclature Here we cite Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 24) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 and Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886).
1. Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877: 411 (type locality Mauritius, Indian Ocean). Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 is the senior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) (as Leuconia) from southern Australia. If the two are not synonymous (as Dendy 1913: 23 assumed), and if they both
belong in Leucandra, Carter’s species will have to be renamed (ICZN Art. 57.3). Although Van Soest & De Voogd (2018: 150), in their summary of the status of this species, recommended leaving the status quo for its nomenclature, biogeographically it is highly unlikely that the western Indian Ocean and southern Tasman Sea species are conspecific, and thus the homonymy requires removal.
2. Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886: 129 (type locality Bass Strait, Australia). Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886 was relegated as a synonym of Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 by Dendy (1913), although with question as to their true conspecificity. That synonymy was rejected by Burton (1963: 248), and the two are considered different species. If indeed the Australian species belongs to Leucandra it is a junior secondary homonym of Schuffner’s (1877) species (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 59.1), and required a new name.
3. Summary: Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 is the senior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) (ICZN Art. 57.3). Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) is the junior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 and lacking synonyms required a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3), for which Leucandra henrycarteri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Henry John Carter. [details]
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2021). World Porifera Database. Leucandra henrycarteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423790 on 2022-01-20
Date
action
by
2020-03-02 10:28:25Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 24 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886) Carter, H.J. (1886). Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 18: 34-55, 126-149.
page(s): 129-130 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Here we cite Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 24) explanation for the proposed nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 and Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886).
1. Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877: 411 (type locality Mauritius, Indian Ocean). Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 is the senior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) (as Leuconia) from southern Australia. If the two are not synonymous (as Dendy 1913: 23 assumed), and if they both
belong in Leucandra, Carter’s species will have to be renamed (ICZN Art. 57.3). Although Van Soest & De Voogd (2018: 150), in their summary of the status of this species, recommended leaving the status quo for its nomenclature, biogeographically it is highly unlikely that the western Indian Ocean and southern Tasman Sea species are conspecific, and thus the homonymy requires removal.
2. Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886: 129 (type locality Bass Strait, Australia). Leuconia echinata Carter, 1886 was relegated as a synonym of Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 by Dendy (1913), although with question as to their true conspecificity. That synonymy was rejected by Burton (1963: 248), and the two are considered different species. If indeed the Australian species belongs to Leucandra it is a junior secondary homonym of Schuffner’s (1877) species (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 59.1), and required a new name.
3. Summary: Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 is the senior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) (ICZN Art. 57.3). Leucandra echinata (Carter, 1886) is the junior secondary homonym of Leucandra echinata Schuffner, 1877 and lacking synonyms required a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3), for which Leucandra henrycarteri nom. nov. was proposed, named after Henry John Carter. [details]


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