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Azevedo, F.; Padua, A.; Moraes, F.; Rossi, A.; Muricy, G.; Klautau, M. (2017). Taxonomy and phylogeny of calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcinea) from Brazilian mid-shelf and oceanic islands. Zootaxa. 4311 (3): 301–344.
283335
10.11646/zootaxa.4311.3.1 [view]
Azevedo, F.; Padua, A.; Moraes, F.; Rossi, A.; Muricy, G.; Klautau, M.
2017
Taxonomy and phylogeny of calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea: Calcinea) from Brazilian mid-shelf and oceanic islands.
Zootaxa
4311 (3): 301–344
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Despite the enormous economic, scientific and strategic value of the Brazilian oceanic and mid-shelf islands (BOMIs), the biological communities of these islands are still poorly known. An example is their fauna of calcareous sponges (Porifera: Calcarea), with only six species described up to date. In the present study, we analysed the Calcinean sponges from the mid-shelf Abrolhos Archipelago and four of the five Brazilian oceanic islands (São Pedro e São Paulo Archipelago, Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, Rocas Atoll, and Trindade Island), using both morphological and molecular approaches for taxonomy. Fourteen species were found, of which 12 are new to science: Arturia trindadensis sp. nov., Borojevia tenuispinata sp. nov., B. trispinata sp. nov., Clathrina insularis sp. nov., C. lutea sp. nov., C. mutabilis sp. nov., C. zelinhae sp. nov., Ernstia citrea sp. nov., E. multispiculata sp. nov., E. rocasensis sp. nov., E. sanctipauli sp. nov., and E. solaris sp. nov. These results raised in 63% the species richness of calcareous sponges from the BOMIs. Clathrina aurea and Leucetta floridana were recollected and the former had its geographical distribution expanded. The molecular tree obtained confirmed the morphological identifications and allowed a discussion about the evolution of morphological characters, and the usefulness of some of those characters in the taxonomy of Calcinea.
Atlantic Ocean (without specification)
West Tropical Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2017-08-24 13:28:43Z
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Arturia Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Arturia trindadensis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Janusya trindadensis (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Borojevia trispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Clathrina mutabilis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Clathrina zelinhae Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 (original description)
Ernstia citrea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Ernsta citrea (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) accepted as Neoernsta citrea (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Ernstia multispiculata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Ernsta multispiculata (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) accepted as Neoernsta multispiculata (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Ernstia rocasensis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Ernsta rocasensis (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) accepted as Neoernsta rocasensis (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy& Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Ernstia sanctipauli Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Ernsta sanctipauli (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) accepted as Neoernsta sanctipauli (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Ernstia solaris Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 accepted as Ernsta solaris (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) accepted as Neoernsta solaris (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017) (original description)
Brazil Northeast for Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Eastern Brazil for Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Eastern Brazil for Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Eastern Brazil for Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Clathrina mutabilis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Clathrina zelinhae Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Ernstia citrea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Ernstia multispiculata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas for Ernstia rocasensis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands for Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands for Borojevia trispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands for Ernstia sanctipauli Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands for Arturia trindadensis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands for Ernstia solaris Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017 
Paratype MNRJ 7370, geounit Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands, identified as Ernsta solaris (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017)
Holotype MNRJ 7372, geounit Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands, identified as Arturia trindadensis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype MNRJ 7374, geounit Trindade and Martin Vaz Islands, identified as Ernsta solaris (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017)
Paratype MNRJ 8543, geounit Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands, identified as Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJ POR 6419, geounit Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands, identified as Borojevia trispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJ POR 6484, geounit Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands, identified as Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 5172, geounit Eastern Brazil, identified as Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 5173, geounit Eastern Brazil, identified as Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 5174, geounit Eastern Brazil, identified as Clathrina lutea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6492, geounit Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands, identified as Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6526, geounit Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas, identified as Clathrina mutabilis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6529, geounit Brazil Northeast, identified as Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6532, geounit Brazil Northeast, identified as Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6536, geounit Brazil Northeast, identified as Clathrina insularis Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6538, geounit Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas, identified as Ernsta solaris (Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017)
Holotype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6621, geounit Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas, identified as Ernstia citrea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6649, geounit Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas, identified as Ernstia citrea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 6651, geounit Fernando de Noronha and Atoll das Rocas, identified as Ernstia citrea Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017
Paratype ZUFRJ UFRJPOR 8542, geounit Sao Pedro and Sao Paulo Islands, identified as Borojevia tenuispinata Azevedo, Padua, Moraes, Rossi, Muricy & Klautau, 2017


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