WoRMS taxon details

Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont, 1892

660754  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:660754)

accepted
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marine, brackish, fresh
Gomont, M. (1892 (1893)). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique.</em> 7(16): 91-264. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:100641  
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:100641 [details]

Description Thallus widely expanded, up to several (5-7) cm in length, dark blue-green or black-green, brown to yellowish brown....  
Description Thallus widely expanded, up to several (5-7) cm in length, dark blue-green or black-green, brown to yellowish brown. Filaments very long, often strongly curved or wavy, rarely slightly coiled. Sheaths colourless, when young thin, un-lamellated, later very wide, lamellated, outside rough, up to 15 μm thick. Tri-homes cylindrical, blue-green, blackish, dull-green, brownish green or grey violet to reddish violet, 15-20-40-60 (80?) μm wide, not constricted at the ungranulated cross-walls, not attenuated at the ends. Cells very short, discoid, 1/6-1/15x as long as wide, 2-4 (8) μm long; apical cells rounded, without calyptra.  [details]

Distribution Marine, on rocks or sand in the upper supra- and lower littoral and coastal zones, in mangroves, shallow bays, sometimes on...  
Distribution Marine, on rocks or sand in the upper supra- and lower littoral and coastal zones, in mangroves, shallow bays, sometimes on macroalgae, rarely floating, distributed worldwide, pantropical species, possibly cosmopolitan, but surely not in cold seas; sometimes grows in massive mats (registered mainly in northern and eastern Australia, Indonesia, and SE Africa - Zanzibar); records from tropical and subtropical freshwaters, and moist soils among mosses near thermal springs, represent evidently other special species; (compare L. latissima, L. magnifica and others). [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2024). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Lyngbya majuscula Harvey ex Gomont, 1892. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=660754 on 2024-04-23
Date
action
by
2012-09-05 09:21:21Z
created
2015-03-31 11:11:42Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed

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original description Gomont, M. (1892 (1893)). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique.</em> 7(16): 91-264. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (HKRMS) Hodgkiss, I. J. (1984). Seasonal patterns of intertidal algal distribution in Hong Kong. <em>Asian Marine Biology 1.The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.</em> 49-57. [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Collins, F. S.; Hervey, A. B. (1917). The algae of Bermuda. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, 53(1): 1-195 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2023). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> searched on YYYY-MM-DD., available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   

basis of record Hällfors, G. (2004). Checklist of Baltic Sea Phytoplankton Species (including some heterotrophic protistan groups). <em>Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings.</em> No. 95: 210 pp., available online at http://helcom.fi/Lists/Publications/BSEP95.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source León-Tejera, H., M. Gold-Morgan, and G. Montejano. 2009. Benthic Cyanoprokaryota (Cyanobacteria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 47–56 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Stati [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Silva, P. C.; Basson, P. W.; Moe, R. L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. <em>University of California Publications in Botany.</em> 79: 1-1259., available online at https://books.google.be/books?hl=pt-PT&lr=&id=vtBdDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=Catalogue+of+the+benthic+marine+algae+of+the+Indian+Ocean&ots=FL-YOKu8Cx&sig=3PmT926F1rNHQTf1AhDeY-ztmu4#v=onepage&q=Catalogue%20of%20the%20benthic%20marine%20algae%20of%20the%20 [details]   
 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
LSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:100641 [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Description Thallus widely expanded, up to several (5-7) cm in length, dark blue-green or black-green, brown to yellowish brown. Filaments very long, often strongly curved or wavy, rarely slightly coiled. Sheaths colourless, when young thin, un-lamellated, later very wide, lamellated, outside rough, up to 15 μm thick. Tri-homes cylindrical, blue-green, blackish, dull-green, brownish green or grey violet to reddish violet, 15-20-40-60 (80?) μm wide, not constricted at the ungranulated cross-walls, not attenuated at the ends. Cells very short, discoid, 1/6-1/15x as long as wide, 2-4 (8) μm long; apical cells rounded, without calyptra.  [details]

Distribution Marine, on rocks or sand in the upper supra- and lower littoral and coastal zones, in mangroves, shallow bays, sometimes on macroalgae, rarely floating, distributed worldwide, pantropical species, possibly cosmopolitan, but surely not in cold seas; sometimes grows in massive mats (registered mainly in northern and eastern Australia, Indonesia, and SE Africa - Zanzibar); records from tropical and subtropical freshwaters, and moist soils among mosses near thermal springs, represent evidently other special species; (compare L. latissima, L. magnifica and others). [details]

Harmful effect This species is known to produce the dermatotoxin lyngbyatoxin and to be the cause of "Swimmer's itch" when in direct contact with human skin.  [details]

From other sources
Environment In both fresh and sea water situations in India, Burma and Ceylon. [details]

Remark Drouet (1968: 263, 295) chose a specimen in LD as the lectotype of this species and assigned it to
Microcoleus lyngbyaceus (Kützing) P. Crouan & H. Crouan. [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese オオクダモ  [details]