WoRMS name details

Fusus Röding, 1798

446049  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:446049)

 unaccepted > unavailable name (placed on the Official Index by ICZN Opinion 1765)
Genus

Ordering

  • Alphabetically
  • By status

Children Display

  1. Species Fusus intertextus (Helbling, 1779)
  2. Subgenus Fusus (Sinistralia) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Sinistralia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815
  3. Species Fusus albus Forbes, 1847 accepted as Thesbia nana (Lovén, 1846) (synonym)
  4. Species Fusus arthriticus Valenciennes, 1858 accepted as Neptunea arthritica (Valenciennes, 1858) (original combination)
  5. Species Fusus attenuatus Jeffreys, 1877 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (synonym)
  6. Species Fusus azoricus Dautzenberg, 1889 accepted as Fusinus bocagei (P. Fischer, 1882) (synonym)
  7. Species Fusus bengasiensis Sturany, 1896 accepted as Pseudofusus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  8. Species Fusus bicinctus F. W. Hutton, 1873 accepted as Buccinulum vittatum bicinctum (F. W. Hutton, 1873) (superseded combination)
  9. Species Fusus boothi J. Smith, 1839 accepted as Raphitoma concinna (Scacchi, 1836) accepted as Leufroyia concinna (Scacchi, 1836) (synonym)
  10. Species Fusus carinarius Röding, 1798 accepted as Volegalea carnaria (Röding, 1798)
  11. Species Fusus cingulatus Röding, 1798 accepted as Leucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791)
  12. Species Fusus consimilis J. T. Marshall, 1902 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (synonym)
  13. Species Fusus conulus Risso, 1826 accepted as Euthria cornea (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  14. Species Fusus costatus Hisinger, 1837 accepted as Boreotrophon clathratus (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  15. Species Fusus cumingii Reeve, 1848 accepted as Afer cumingii (Reeve, 1848) (basionym)
  16. Species Fusus edwardiensis R. B. Watson, 1882 accepted as Probuccinum edwardiense (R. B. Watson, 1882) (original combination)
  17. Species Fusus fasciolarioides Forbes, 1844 accepted as Enginella leucozona (R. A. Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
  18. Species Fusus fragilis Risso, 1826 accepted as Aporrhais pespelecani (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  19. Species Fusus granulatus Calcara, 1839 accepted as Chauvetia lefebvrii (Maravigna, 1840) (synonym)
  20. Species Fusus grimaldii Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896 accepted as Amiantofusus amiantus (Dall, 1889) (synonym)
  21. Species Fusus hellerianus Brusina, 1866 accepted as Ocinebrina helleri (Brusina, 1865) accepted as Ocenebra helleri (Brusina, 1865) (unjustified emendation of helleri Brusina, 1865)
  22. Species Fusus jeffreysianus P. Fischer, 1868 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  23. Species Fusus karamanensis Forbes, 1844 accepted as Enginella leucozona (R. A. Philippi, 1844) (dubious synonym)
  24. Species Fusus latericeus Møller, 1842 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Møller, 1842) (original combination)
  25. Species Fusus maroccanus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Fusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  26. Species Fusus minutus Deshayes, 1835 accepted as Ocinebrina aciculata (Lamarck, 1822) (probable synonym; invalid: junior homonym of Fusus minutus Röding, 1798 and several others)
  27. Species Fusus nodosus J. E. Gray, 1843 accepted as Austrofusus glans (Röding, 1798) (junior objective synonym)
  28. Species Fusus obesus G. B. Sowerby II, 1880 accepted as Colus islandicus (Mohr, 1786) (synonym)
  29. Species Fusus oregonensis (Redfield, 1846) accepted as Fusitriton oregonensis (Redfield, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  30. Species Fusus pellucidus Hancock, 1846 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Møller, 1842) (synonym)
  31. Species Fusus propinquus Alder, 1848 accepted as Colus jeffreysianus (P. Fischer, 1868) (non Münster, 1844)
  32. Species Fusus provencalis Risso, 1826 accepted as Hadriania craticulata Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882 accepted as Gracilipurpura craticulata (Bucquoy & Dautzenberg, 1882) (dubious synonym)
  33. Species Fusus pulchellus R. A. Philippi, 1840 accepted as Pseudofusus pulchellus (R. A. Philippi, 1840) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  34. Species Fusus pullus Reeve, 1848 accepted as Retifusus latericeus (Møller, 1842) (synonym)
  35. Species Fusus rissoianus Locard, 1891 accepted as Aptyxis syracusana (Linnaeus, 1758) (dubious synonym)
  36. Species Fusus sinistralis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Fusinus maroccensis (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
  37. Species Fusus squamulosus R. A. Philippi, 1836 accepted as Coralliophila squamosa (Bivona e Bernardi, 1838) accepted as Hirtomurex squamosus (Bivona e Bernardi, 1838) (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Fusus squamulosus Deshayes, 1835)
  38. Species Fusus strigosus Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Pseudofusus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) (synonym)
  39. Species Fusus subaciculatus Brugnone, 1876 accepted as Ocinebrina edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826) accepted as Ocenebra edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826) (synonym)
  40. Species Fusus subnigeris T. Brown, 1827 accepted as Chauvetia brunnea (Donovan, 1804) (synonym)
  41. Species Fusus taeniatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1880 accepted as Neptunea cumingii Crosse, 1862
  42. Species Fusus tornatus A. Gould, 1840 accepted as Neptunea vinlandica Fraussen & Terryn, 2007 (invalid: junior homonym of Fusus tornatus Borson, 1821; Neptunea vinlandica is a replacement name)
  43. Species Fusus turgidulus Friele, 1877 accepted as Colus turgidulus (Friele, 1877)
  44. Species Fusus turricula (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Propebela turricula (Montagu, 1803)
  45. Species Fusus vittatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Buccinulum vittatum vittatum (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (superseded combination)
  46. Species Fusus pusillus L. Pfeiffer, 1840 accepted as Suturoglypta albella (C. B. Adams, 1850) (uncertain, doubtful synonym)
marine
Röding, P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturæ quæ olim collegerat Joa. Fried Bolten, M. D. p. d. per XL. annos proto physicus Hamburgensis. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. Trapp, Hamburg, viii + 199 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16230659 [details]   
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed...  
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Fusus Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=446049 on 2024-02-28
Date
action
by
2009-12-30 10:54:54Z
created
2010-07-05 09:58:42Z
changed
2010-08-23 09:42:56Z
changed
2010-08-31 06:44:05Z
checked
2019-08-15 22:36:10Z
changed
2023-05-04 07:01:32Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Röding, P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturæ quæ olim collegerat Joa. Fried Bolten, M. D. p. d. per XL. annos proto physicus Hamburgensis. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia & multivalvia. Trapp, Hamburg, viii + 199 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16230659 [details]   

status source ICZN. (1993). Opinion 1765. <i>Fusus</i> Helbling, 1779 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): suppressed, and <i>Fusinus</i> Rafinesque, 1815 and <i>Colubraria</i> Schumacher, 1817: conserved. <em>Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature.</em> 51(2): 159-161., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12251905 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]